Lighthouse

Classified Federal Heritage Building

Peggy's Cove, Nova Scotia
General view of Peggy's Cove lighthouse, showing the octagonal shape, elegantly curved cornice and stylized window caps which reflect a modern aesthetic, 2001. © Department of Fisheries & Oceans Canada/Département de pêches et océans Canada, 2001.
General view
© Department of Fisheries & Oceans Canada/Département de pêches et océans Canada, 2001.
General view of Peggy's Cove lighthouse, showing the octagonal shape, elegantly curved cornice and stylized window caps which reflect a modern aesthetic, 2001. © Department of Fisheries & Oceans Canada/Département de pêches et océans Canada, 2001.General view of the Lighthouse at Peggy’s Point, demonstrating its relationship with the site, which consists of a barren rock outcrop and natural vegetation without visible paths leading to the building or any other structures in the immediate vicinity,  © Department of Fisheries & Oceans Canada/Département de pêches et océans Canada, 1995Panoramic view of the Lighthouse at Peggy’s Point, 2002. © Nova Scotia Lighthouse Preservation Society/La société de préservation des phares de la Nouvelle-Écosse, 2002
Address : Peggys Cove, Peggy's Cove, Nova Scotia

Recognition Statute: Treasury Board Policy on Management of Real Property
Designation Date: 2002-09-26
Dates:
  • 1915 to 1915 (Construction)

Event, Person, Organization:
  • Department of Marine and Fisheries  (Architect)
Other Name(s):
  • Peggy's Cove Lighthouse  (Other Name)
Custodian: Fisheries and Oceans Canada
FHBRO Report Reference: 01-082
DFRP Number: 02839 00

Description of Historic Place

The Lighthouse at Peggy’s Point is a tapered, octagonal, reinforced concrete structure with a plinth-like base, a tapered shaft, a flared cornice, and a lantern platform. The Lighthouse also features long, narrow windows each of which is capped with a simple concrete pediment, and a small vestibule with a sloped roof at the ground floor entrance. The Lighthouse is located on a barren rock outcrop at the entrance to St. Margaret’s Bay, and is visible from many vantage points. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Lighthouse is designated a Classified federal heritage building due to its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical value:
The Lighthouse is associated with the important national historical theme of the federal government’s provision of navigational aids, which saw the construction of lighthouses along the country’s coast. The Lighthouse replaced an earlier lighthouse at the same location with a stronger more prominent light, continuing the primary function of supporting the fishing industry of the local communities. Being open to public visitation very early in its history, the Peggy’s Point Lighthouse also became the focus of the community’s tourism industry, a significant contributor to the local economy.

Architectural value:
The Lighthouse is a very good example of a modern interpretation of the classic lighthouse form, and is characterized by balanced proportions, an elegant profile and stylised detailing. The Lighthouse is a relatively early example of the use of reinforced concrete for the construction of a lighthouse, and its present condition testifies to the high level of craftsmanship employed in its execution.


Environmental value:
By virtue of its elevated profile and siting at the entrance to St. Margaret’s Bay, Lighthouse is highly visible and reinforces the dramatic character of its maritime setting. Located on a barren rock outcrop with no visible paths or access roads leading to its door, the lighthouse is a prime tourist destination and a regional and provincial symbol, and is widely recognized beyond its provincial borders.

Sources:
Alexandra Mosquin, Peggy’s Point Lighthouse, Peggy’s Cove, Nova Scotia. Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Building Report 01-082; Peggy’s Point Lighthouse, Peggy’s Cove, Nova Scotia, Heritage Character Statement 01-082.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the Lighthouse should be respected.

Its role as an illustration of the federal provision of navigational aids and the establishment of the regional tourist trade is reflected in: its strategic location on Peggy’s Point at the mouth of St. Margaret’s Bay; and, its proximity to the city of Halifax and other coastal tourist destinations.

The building’s modern interpretation of the traditional lighthouse form, its successful functional design, high quality craftsmanship and materials, are manifested in: the well-balanced proportions of the structure’s base, tapered shaft and lantern, which are accentuated by the vertical alignment of the three tall narrow window openings on two of the elevations; the octagonal shape, elegantly curved cornice and stylized window caps which reflect a modern aesthetic; the construction of the small attached entry vestibule with sloped roof which offsets the monolithic character of the lighttower; its relatively early, but significant use of reinforced concrete technology for and octagonal lighthouse; and, the high quality materials and craftsmanship exhibited by the exterior concrete .

The building’s unchanged site, reinforcement of its setting’s dramatic maritime character and important landmark status, is evidenced in: its relationship with the site, which consists of a barren rock outcrop and natural vegetation without visible paths leading to the building or any other structures in the immediate vicinity; the prominent and highly visible position of the light at the entry to St. Margaret’s Bay which emphasizes the contrast of the structure’s profile and white colour with the setting’s rugged landscape and ocean view; and, its value as the centerpiece of a tourist destination in the St. Margaret’s Bay area.

Heritage Character Statement

Disclaimer - The heritage character statement was developed by FHBRO to explain the reasons for the designation of a federal heritage building and what it is about the building that makes it significant (the heritage character). It is a key reference document for anyone involved in planning interventions to federal heritage buildings and is used by FHBRO in their review of interventions.

Reasons for Designation

The Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse is designated a “Classified” federal heritage building due to its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical value:
The Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse is associated with the federal government’s provision of navigational aids which saw the construction of lighthouses along the country’s coast. The Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse replaced an earlier lighthouse at the same location with a stronger more prominent light, continuing the primary function of supporting the fishing industry of the local communities. Being open to public visitation very early in its history, the Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse also became the focus of the community’s tourism industry, a significant contributor to the local economy.

Architectural value:
The lighthouse is a very good example of a modern interpretation of the classic lighthouse form. Characterized by its balanced proportions, elegant profile and stylized detailing, the structure consists of a 30 foot high octagonal tapered shaft which rests on a plinth-like base which flares out to support the 8 foot high lantern. A small entry vestibule with sloped roof provides access at the ground level. The Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse is a relatively early example of the use of reinforced concrete for the construction of a lighthouse, and its present condition testifies to the high level of craftsmanship employed in its execution.

Environmental value:
Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse sits on a barren rock outcrop with no visible paths or access roads leading to its door. By virtue of its elevated profile and siting at the entrance to St. Margaret’s Bay, the lighthouse is highly visible and is an important reinforcing element of the dramatic maritime character of its setting. As a prime tourist destination and a regional and provincial symbol, the building is widely recognized beyond its provincial borders.

Character-Defining Elements

The following character-defining elements of the Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse should be respected.

Its role as an illustration of the federal provision of navigational aids and the establishment of the regional tourist trade is reflected in:

- its strategic location on Peggy’s Point at the mouth of St. Margaret’s Bay; and,
- its proximity to the city of Halifax and other coastal tourist destinations.

The building’s modern interpretation of the traditional lighthouse form, its successful functional design, high quality craftsmanship and materials, are manifested in:

- the well-balanced proportions of the structure’s base, tapered shaft and lantern, which are accentuated by the vertical alignment of the three tall narrow window openings on two of the elevations;
- the octagonal shape, elegantly curved cornice and stylized window caps which reflect a modern aesthetic;
- the construction of the small attached entry vestibule with sloped roof which offsets the monolithic character of the lighttower;
- its relatively early, but significant use of reinforced concrete technology for and octagonal lighthouse; and,
- the high quality materials and craftsmanship exhibited by the exterior concrete .

The building’s unchanged site, reinforcement of its setting’s dramatic maritime character and important landmark status, is evidenced in:

- its relationship with the site, which consists of a barren rock outcrop and natural vegetation without visible paths leading to the building or any other structures in the immediate vicinity;
- the prominent and highly visible position of the light at the entry to St. Margaret’s Bay which emphasizes the contrast of the structure’s profile and white colour with the setting’s rugged landscape and ocean view; and,
- its value as the centerpiece of a tourist destination in the St. Margaret’s Bay area.