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57-63 St. Louis Street National Historic Site of Canada

57-63 St. Louis Street is a grouping of three two and two-and-a-half- storey early eighteenth and nineteenth century stone houses within the walls of Quebec City’s Upper Town at the foot of Cavelier du Moulin Park, forming part of the panoramic townscape of Old Quebec
Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site

Abbot Pass Refuge Cabin National Historic Site

Stand on the narrow pass and catch your breath - only to lose it to the spectacular view. Rugged Canadian Rocky Mountains, brilliant white glaciers and a lone rocky hut. It’s a daunting route past pristine lakes and up treacherous scree slopes or a technical mountaineering route with glacier travel, but a visit to the Abbot Pass Alpine Hut is a must for mountaineers and a triumph for hikers. Built by Swiss-born mountain guides using stone from the surrounding mountains in 1922, the rustic hut is your home for the night. Abbot Pass Refuge Cabin National Historic Site is administered by Parks Canada and operated by the Alpine Club of Canada.

Akami-Uapishkᵁ-KakKasuak-Mealy Mountains National Park Reserve

Located in Labrador, the glacially-rounded, bare rock summits of the Mealy Mountains reach up to 1180 meters to overlook Lake Melville. The pristine landscape of mountain tundra, marine coasts, boreal forests, islands and rivers are home to numerous boreal species. For thousands of years, ancient human cultures have also called this place home. For the Innu, Inuit, and others, the landscapes of this outstanding natural region hold great cultural significance. The traditional names of the park are Akami-Uapishkᵁ, an Innu word meaning White Mountains across, and KakKasuak, a Labrador Inuit word for mountain.

Alexander Graham Bell National Historic Site

Get a rare glimpse into the extraordinary heart and mind of a world-famous inventor whose genius helped shape the modern world. Pull the curtain back on Alexander Graham Bell’s interests and inventions, spanning airplanes and kites, to deaf education and artificial respiration. Feel his legacy come to life as you explore remarkable artifacts, photos and full-scale replicas that mark his masterful career as an engineer, inventor, scientist and humanitarian.

Ardgowan National Historic Site

Smell the roses blossoming along a circular carriage driveway, stroll 19th century gardens and an orchard on the grounds of the picturesque rural cottage set in the Victorian era of Ardgowan, former home to William Henry Pope, one of the Fathers of Confederation. Hear birdsong; imagine genteel ladies on the croquet lawn. Spread a picnic amid the tranquil past in an historic setting in Charlottetown.

Athabasca Pass National Historic Site

Establishing transportation corridors to the Pacific Coast was vital to the fur trade. Guided through the Athabasca Pass by Thomas the Iroquois, David Thompson was instrumental in surveying many routes through the Canadian Rocky Mountains. The first northerly route through Howse Pass was quickly blocked by the Pikani Tribe in 1810 forcing Thompson to trek through a more challenging route through Athabasca Pass near Jasper, Alberta. It was used for nearly half a century as part of the main fur trade routes from Canada to the coast.

Backcountry camping on the Athabasca Pass Trail will not be available between July 30 and October 31, 2018 due to construction on Highway 93A from just south of Wabasso Campground to Geraldine Road.

Aulavik National Park

Aulavik, meaning “ place where people travel ” in Inuvialuktun, protects more than 12,000 square kilometres of arctic lowlands on the north end of Banks Island. The park encompasses a variety of landscapes from fertile river valleys to polar deserts, buttes and badlands, rolling hills, and bold seacoasts.

Auyuittuq National Park

A zig-zag skyline of craggy granite peaks and glittering glaciers overlooks tundra valleys and steep-walled fiords whose winding waterways teem with narwhal and ringed seals, Auyuittuq is a diverse and grand-scale Arctic experience. Hike alongside icy, thundering streams and amid wildflower-dotted meadows. Traverse Akshayuk Pass, a natural corridor through a landscape of towering rock - a haven for experienced mountaineers and backcountry skiers. Spot snow geese, Arctic foxes, and human-shaped Inuksuit basking in Midnight Sun.

Know before you go

Banff National Park

Rocky Mountain peaks, turquoise glacial lakes, a picture-perfect mountain town and village, abundant wildlife and scenic drives come together in Banff National Park - Canada’s first national park and the flagship of the nation’s park system. Over three million visitors a year make the pilgrimage to the park for a variety of activities including hiking, biking, skiing and camping in some of the world’s most breathtaking mountain scenery. Banff is part of the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Banff Park Museum National Historic Site

Get face-to-face with Rocky Mountain wildlife, from vintage stuffed bears and bighorn sheep to birds and bees, inside western Canada’s oldest natural history museum. Located on Banff Avenue in the heart of the town of Banff, the Banff Park Museum – a.k.a. the “University of the Hills” – houses more than 5,000 historic botanical and zoological specimens. Explore the Victorian-era collection, while admiring the stately 1903 museum, a log masterpiece and the oldest surviving federal building in any Canadian national park.

Bar U Ranch National Historic Site

Ride into history on a wagon pulled by Percheron horses to discover the life of a ranching cowboy from the late 1800s at the Bar U Ranch National Historic Site. Try your hand at cowboy skills, learn about the old-style ranching ways, wander through the rustic and authentic buildings or sit around the campfire and listen to old-time tales. Back-dropped by the Rocky mountains – it’s a true Alberta experience!

Batoche National Historic Site

Journey back in time to talk with a 19th century Métis settler about life on the banks of the South Saskatchewan River. Imagine the shocking changes as the troops and warriors gathered and battle began to rage. Witness the bullet holes at the final battlefield of the Northwest Resistance of 1885 and learn more about how a traditional way of life changed forever as a new country began to form.

Battle Hill National Historic Site

Battle Hill National Historic Site is located on a rolling landscape in the valley of Battle Hill near Highway 2 (also known as Longwoods Road) west of Wardsville, Ontario. The site is associated with the Battle of Longwoods, which occurred on March 4, 1814 on an open landscape near what is now Battle Hill Creek. Following a short skirmish between the British Regulars and American forces, the British were forced to retreat back to Delaware, while the Americans abandoned their advance and retreated to Detroit. There are no known extant remains of the battle; however, the site is marked by a plaque and cairn positioned on a small rise of land and surrounded by an iron fence. Official recognition refers to a polygon of land near Highway 2 in Wardsville Ontario.

To find out more about this place, visit

Battle of Cook's Mills National Historic Site

The Battle of Cook's Mills National Historic Site is a rolling semi-rural landscape east of the Welland Canal bordering the north bank of Lyon’s Creek in the City of Welland, Ontario. It was the site of an engagement between British and Canadian troops and American forces during the War of 1812. There are no known extant remains of the battle; however, a cairn and plaque erected by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada in 1977 marks the south-west corner of the battle site. Official recognition refers to the designated polygon north of Lyon's Creek.

To find out more about this place, visit

Battle of Tourond's Coulee / Fish Creek National Historic Site

Fighting to protect their land rights and preserve a traditional way of life, understand the plight of the Métis resistance and their First Nations allies battling against the might of the Northwest Field Force in 1885. Imagine the sound of cannons as you explore the area that was once Tourond's homestead. Picture the short-lived triumph of the Métis as they bested General Middleton’s men in the final victory of the Northwest Resistance.

Battle of the Châteauguay National Historic Site

The Battle of the Châteauguay Historic Site commemorates the victory of Canadian troops over the invading American army on October 26th, 1813. Visit the interpretation centre to discover how 300 Canadian fighters managed to defeat 3,700 Americans, an unrecognized episode in our history that recalls the importance of these militiamen who became heroes.

Battle of the Restigouche National Historic Site

For 200 years, the wreck of the Machault, a 26-gun military sailing vessel charged with protecting merchant vessels from the British, has remained under water. At the Battle of Restigouche National Historic Site, it is now possible to admire the ship’s remains and to relive the last naval battle between France and Britain for possession of North American territory. It's an extraordinary journey that will take you all the way back to 1760!

Battle of the Windmill National Historic Site

Visit a windswept hill, overlooking the St. Lawrence River, where a red-roofed stone windmill was the scene of a bloody turning point in Canadian history. From the grounds of the Battle of the Windmill Historic Site, gaze at the waves and imagine the boats of an invading force of American ‘Hunters’ sailing across the river to do battle with British soldiers and local militia in the fight for Upper Canada.

Battlefield of Fort George National Historic Site

Battlefield of Fort George National Historic Site is located near Fort George National Historic Site in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario. The rolling open landscape near the shore of Lake Ontario at Two Mile Creek was the site of one of the fiercest and most important battles of the War of 1812. There are no extant remains of the 1813 battle between American invading forces and British regulars and Canadian militia; however, a cairn and plaque erected by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada (HSMBC) marks the northeast corner of the battle site. Official recognition refers to the irregular polygon encompassing the battlefield.

Beaubassin and Fort Lawrence National Historic Sites

A thriving Acadian settlement here became a pivotal site in the struggle between Great Britain and France for control of the Isthmus of Chignecto region. The village, under British rule since 1713, was burned by the French in 1750 to force the inhabitants into nearby French-controlled territory. The site's extensive archaeological resources, which include remarkable glass and ceramic artifacts and charred building remains, reflect both the Acadian way of life and the destruction of this village. Beaubassin remains a silent witness to the clash of two empires for power in North America.

Beaubears Island Shipbuilding National Historic Site

Beaubears Island Shipbuilding National Historic Site incorporates some 24 hectares (60 acres) on the southeastern (downstream) shore of Beaubears Island at the confluence of the Southwest and Northwest Miramichi River, and the adjacent south channel of the Miramichi River. The site includes the remains of an early 19th-century shipyard.
Boishébert and Beaubears Island Shipbuilding National Historic Sites

Beausoleil Island National Historic Site

Welcome to the world’s largest freshwater archipelago—home to a boat-access nature preserve situated where the windswept white pines and granite shores of the Canadian Shield turn to dense deciduous woodland. Here, adventure is easy. Cycle wooded trails, overnight at secluded campsites or waterfront cabins and hike to viewpoints atop emerald shoreline. The landscape of Georgian Bay Islands National Park inspired the Group of Seven. Let it inspire you.
Georgian Bay Islands National Park of Canada

Bellevue House National Historic Site

Tour the restored home and gardens of historic Bellevue House knowing that seeds were planted here for the birth of a country. Canada’s first prime minister, Sir John A. Macdonald, and his family made Bellevue House their home from 1848 to 1849. Wander through the family’s preserved kitchen garden, bite into an heirloom apple, and watch costumed gardeners wielding scythes to cut the lawn in the method of the 1840s.

Bethune Memorial House National Historic Site

Welcome to the birthplace of an international hero. During the early 20th century, Dr. Norman Bethune became a medical pioneer, advocate for Canada’s universal health care system and revered Chinese cultural icon. Take a tour of Bethune Memorial House, a charming Victorian-era home set on a manicured property alongside an informative Visitor Centre, and immerse in an incredible legacy of accomplishment that strengthens the bond between nations to this day.

Bloody Creek National Historic Site

Bloody Creek National Historic Site is located on sloping farmland in Bridgetown, Nova Scotia. Two circles of land mark the sites of two battles, which took place in 1711 and 1757, between British forces and allied French and Aboriginal forces over the possession of Acadia. The first battle site is centred on the northwest shore of the Annapolis River, and the second site is centred on the east shore of Bloody Creek. Both are comprised of land and water. A Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada stone cairn, near the site of the 1757 battle, marks the location. Official recognition refers to the two circles as they were at the time of designation in 1930. Learn more

Bois Blanc Island Lighthouse National Historic Site

The scene of an 1838 invasion by Canadian “Patriots” and their American supporters, the Bois Blanc Lighthouse near Amherstburg, Ontario has stood for more than 100 years. This tall limestone lighthouse marked the entrance/gateway to the mouth of the Detroit River and access to the Upper Great Lakes and though not now open to the public, still reminds us of her importance to those who relied on her beams.

Boishébert National Historic Site

Boishébert National Historic Site is a wooded area with archaeological evidence of an 18th century Acadian refugee camp situated on Wilsons Point and Beaubears Island at the confluence of the Southwest and Northwest Miramichi River in New Brunswick. Official recognition refers to the area of Wilsons Point delineated at the time of designation.
Boishébert and Beaubears Island Shipbuilding National Historic Sites

Bruce Peninsula National Park

Dramatic cliffs rise from the turquoise waters of Georgian Bay. In large tracts of forest, black bears roam and rare reptiles find refuge in rocky areas and diverse wetlands. Ancient cedar trees spiral from the cliff-edge; a multitude of orchids and ferns take root in a mosaic of habitats. Welcome to the magic of Bruce Peninsula National Park

Butler's Barracks National Historic Site

Butler’s Barracks is a historic military complex comprised of five wooden buildings located at the edge of the Commons behind the Fort George National Historic Site in Niagara-on-the-Lake.

Canso Islands National Historic Site

Travel to a time when remote fishing ports dotted the Atlantic coast and England and France vied for control of North America. Home to the remains of an 18th century fishing settlement and the ruins of a battle-ravaged stone fortress, Canso Islands National Historic Site welcomes curious explorers upon its windswept shores to journey through the history that forged a nation.

Cape Breton Highlands National Park

One of Canada’s most enchanting places, where the mountains meet the sea.

As you hug the world-famous Cabot Trail coastline you'll wind through Cape Breton Highlands National Park, where lush, forested river canyons carve into the ancient plateau, edged by rust-coloured cliffs.

Keep your eyes open for moose and bald eagles. You might even catch a minke or pilot whale breaking waves in the Atlantic, or Gulf of St. Lawrence. And you’re never far from a steaming plate of local lobster fresh from the ocean around you.

Cape Spear Lighthouse National Historic Site

Stark white Cape Spear Lighthouse pierces a sky swirling with seabirds atop a craggy headland. It overlooks a vast expanse of indigo ocean where glittering processions of icebergs glide by, Humpback whales breach and pods of porpoises send misty spouts into the Atlantic air. On Canada’s easternmost point of land, historic Cape Spear Lighthouse, the oldest surviving lighthouse in Newfoundland and Labrador, offers a glimpse into the lives of 19th century lighthouse keepers and their families.

Carillon Barracks National Historic Site

In the early 1830s, a gentleman named James Forbes had this building constructed for commercial rental purposes. It was then expanded and transformed into a barracks to house an English garrison from 1837 to 1840, soldiers who fought in the Battle of Saint‑Eustache in an attempt to crush the Patriote’s uprising.

Enter the barracks and walk through the remains of 19th century history.

Carillon Canal National Historic Site

To the delight of merchants, the Carillon Canal - built on the Ottawa River for military purposes - opened in 1833. Located 100 kilometres from Montreal and 130 kilometres from Ottawa, the canal is today a pleasure boating waterway.

You'll be intrigued by the manoeuvres made by boats using the lock, which enables them to navigate a 20-metre drop in only 40 minutes!

Then, head off to explore the former barracks that now house a museum.

Carleton Martello Tower National Historic Site

Perched high on a rocky cliff overlooking Saint John, the British-built Carleton Martello Tower dates from the War of 1812 and played a pivotal role in conflicts leading up to World War II. Visitors marvel at the spectacular city and harbour views while exploring the award-winning interactive exhibits in the Visitor Centre. The tower was the heart of Saint John defences until 1944.

The martello tower is currently undergoing vital restoration work. Although visitors are not able to enter the tower during this time, we encourage them to explore and enjoy the Visitor Centre and grounds.

Carrying Place of the Bay of Quinte National Historic Site

Carrying Place of the Bay of Quinte National Historic Site is located on the isthmus at the west end of the Bay of Quinte on Lake Ontario. The site, at the intersection of the Trenton and Carrying Place roads, marks the location where Sir John Johnson and the Chiefs of the Mississauga negotiated a treaty in 1787. The site is comprised of a small plot of land owned by Parks Canada containing a solitary Historic Sites and Monuments Board cairn and plaque. Official recognition refers to the property owned by Parks Canada.

Cartier-Brébeuf National Historic Site

In the heart of Québec City, surrender yourself to the beauty and tranquility of the surrounding landscape. Follow the trail of Jacques Cartier, witness his meeting with the St. Lawrence Iroquois and discover the work of Father Jean de Brébeuf. Experience the excitement of major events and family activities. Take the bike trail, discover an amazing ecosystem or even picnic on the gras.It’s a good time in an inspiring environment.

Castle Hill National Historic Site

Step back to a time when the fate of North America hung in the balance. Imagine cannons and muskets blazing as British and French forces battled on the shores of Newfoundland, vying for control of the lucrative fishery. Enter Castle Hill National Historic Site, a stone fort standing sentinel over a picturesque seaside town, and explore a chapter of history that determined the fate of a continent.

Cave and Basin National Historic Site

Visit the Cave and Basin National Historic Site to experience the birthplace of Canada’s national parks and learn about the natural and cultural history of the mountains. Touch the hot water that seeps from the rocks, smell the minerals and explore the trails. Discover it on your own or enjoy one of the many guided tours.

Chambly Canal National Historic Site

Located on the left bank of the Richelieu River southeast of Montreal, the Chambly Canal stretches nearly 20 kilometres between the municipalities of Chambly and Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu.

Eight of its nine locks and a bridge still operate manually. A small paradise for cyclists, boaters and hikers, the Chambly Canal site offers a moment of pure relaxation in an environment carved out by more than a century of history.

Charles Fort National Historic Site

Stand on the grassy rise where Scottish colonists arrived nearly four centuries ago in 1629.

Imagine the hardscrabble lives of early settlers and the struggles that ensued as Europe’s powers rivalled for supremacy in North America. All that reminds us of Charles Fort today is a plaque on the grounds of Fort Anne National Historic Site; but, gazing out over the Annapolis River, visitors gain a window into Canadian history. Learn more

Chilkoot Trail National Historic Site

Follow the fabled Chilkoot Trail along the centuries old path first crossed by Chilkoot Tlingit traders and later stormed by the Klondike Gold Rush stampeders. Hike through narrow windswept valleys and scale the precipitous Chilkoot Pass. Visit a Victorian-era church still standing in a vanished boom town. Straddle the historic boundary between British Columbia and Alaska on a route revealing the immense natural wealth of the North.

Coteau-du-Lac National Historic Site

The Coteau-du-Lac National Historic Site is located about 40 km southwest of Montréal on the shores of the St. Lawrence River. It features Canada’s first lock canal and the remains of a fort.

With a history spanning 7,000 years, the site was a portage and encampment location used by Amerindians to avoid the rapids, a military fortification, and a canal that opened the way for commercial shipping.

Cypress Hills Massacre National Historic Site

1873 attack on Assiniboines by wolf hunters, North West Mounted Police restored order
Fort Walsh, Saskatchewan

Dalvay-by-the-Sea National Historic Site

Dalvay-by-the-Sea, once a summer home owned by a wealthy oil tycoon, is an exquisite Queen Anne Revival-style estate adorned with gables, dormers and bay windows. Dalvay-by-the-Sea overlooks Dalvay Lake and the ocean where seabirds spiral above waves and beaches. Explore the grand wood-panelled interior or settle into a chair in front of a sandstone fireplace. Cycle the shoreline, walk the grounds or simply relax in an Adirondack chair on the front lawn, taking in the coastal panorama.

Dawson Historical Complex National Historic Site

Important collection of buildings from the Klondike Gold Rush
Dawson, Yukon Territory
Klondike National Historic Sites

Dredge No. 4 National Historic Site

Not long after gold was discovered in large quantities in the Klondike, dredges were brought into the Yukon, the first dredge being built in the fall of 1899. One of the two dozen dredges that worked this area, Dredge No. 4 rests on Claim No. 17 Below Discovery on Bonanza Creek near the spot where it ceased operations in 1960. The largest wooden hull, bucket-line dredge in North America, it was designed by the Marion Steam Shovel Company.
Klondike National Historic Sites

D’Anville’s Encampment National Historic Site

D’Anville’s Encampment National Historic Site is located on a small plot of land in Centennial Park in Bedford Basin, Halifax, Nova Scotia. It was in this area, in 1746, that Duc d’Anville camped along the shore on a failed expedition from France to recover Acadia. The site consists of a Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada (HSMBC) plaque and cairn surrounded by a five-metre radius in Centennial Park. There are no known extant remains associated with Duc d’Anville’s 1746 encampment, and its precise location remains unknown. Official recognition refers to the five-metre radius surrounding the HSMBC plaque and cairn. Visit for more information.

Elk Island National Park

Just 35 minutes east of Edmonton lies a year-round wonderland. Spread a blanket and gaze at a starry sky undiluted by city light or follow the footprints of a bison and learn how this magnificent animal was brought back from near extinction. Elk Island National Park is not only an important refuge for bison, elk and more than 250 bird species, but is also an oasis of calm for day picnickers and overnight campers alike.

Fathom Five National Marine Park

Dolomite, 420 million years old, rises through the sparkling waters of Lake Huron to form Fathom Five National Marine Park. This is a freshwater ecosystem of ancient rock formations, cliff-edge forests, fascinating dive sites on 22 shipwrecks, and orchid species both plentiful and rare. Visit for a day or backcountry camp on starry-skied Flowerpot Island—Fathom Five is equal parts mystery and recreation, ecology and culture—and a welcoming escape to nature.

First Oil Well in Western Canada National Historic Site

Drilled in 1902, Western Canada’s first oil well was short-lived but ignited Alberta’s passion for petroleum exploration. Investigate the site and explore for nearby traces of the town in the forests of Waterton Lakes National Park. Learn how the entrepreneurs discovered and drilled for the oil and why they ultimately abandon their dreams.

At this time, First Oil Well in Western Canada National Historic Site is not accessible due to its location on the Akamina Parkway in Waterton Lakes National Park. This road is closed because of the Kenow Fire.

Fisgard Lighthouse National Historic Site of Canada

First permanent lighthouse on Canada's West Coast, 1859-60
Colwood, British Columbia
Fisgard Lighthouse National Historic Site

Forges du Saint-Maurice National Historic Site

Discover the remains of the first iron industry in Canada, the Forges du Saint-Maurice, in the Mauricie region halfway between Montréal and Québec City. Step into the Grande Maison (the "ironmasters' house") to admire the iron and cast iron items manufactured at the forges, then stop at the blast furnace to learn more about this community of craftsmen who, for 150 years, provided the objects needed for the development and defense of the colony.

Forillon National Park

Forillon National Park offers a wide range of experiences by the sea, along cliffs and in the forest. Prefer a quiet stroll across a pebble beach? Want to look into history by opening the door to a beautiful yellow house overlooking the bay? Go snorkelling and discover colourful underwater plant and wildlife. Watch seals play. Listen carefully to hear the songs of seabirds and the spouts of the whales…

Former Territorial Court House National Historic Site

The Former Territorial Courthouse, is located in Dawson Historical Complex National Historic Site. Built between 1900 and 1901, the Courthouse is closely associated with the establishment of a federal presence in the Northwest and the exercise of Canadian sovereignty. It is one of two remaining examples of early territorial courthouses in Western Canada built by the federal government to oversee judicial matters in the undeveloped remote regions.It is also associated with the Klondike Gold Rush in Dawson.
Klondike National Historic Sites

Fort Anne National Historic Site

Step foot onto one of the most hotly contested pieces of land on the entire continent which became Canada’s first administered National Historic Site in 1917: Fort Anne. The land on which Fort Anne now stands is part of the traditional homeland of the Mi’kmaq. In recent centuries, a succession of Scottish, French, and English settlers clashed over this prize on the banks of Nova Scotia’s Annapolis River, often drawing the Mi’kmaq into their conflict. Fort Anne was the site of thirteen attacks, seven change of hands, and the ratification of the Treaty of Boston.

Today, visitors can walk the earthen walls, explore the 1797 Officers’ Quarters Museum and soak up thousands of years of Canadian history. Learn more

Fort Battleford National Historic Site

With your family and friends, uncover the central but little-known role of Fort Battleford in the Conflict of 1885. Discover the stories of the North-West Mounted Police (NWMP), First Nations people, settlers and Métis people in these difficult times. Learn of the arrival of the Canadian Militia and understand the confusion and fear that was prevalent in the spring of 1885. Explore five original NWMP buildings and discover the role the Mounties played in the early years of settlement.

Fort Beauséjour – Fort Cumberland National Historic Site

Explore the historic fort where once the future of Acadie and North America hung in the balance. Located on the border between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, Fort Beauséjour — Fort Cumberland Historic Site stands at the crossroads of Canadian natural and cultural history. The fort depicts the 18th century conflicts between France and Britain, and the later struggle between two great empires — America and Britain - for North American supremacy.

Fort Chambly National Historic Site

Roughly 30 kilometres southeast of Montreal, Fort Chambly rises proudly at the foot of the Richelieu Rapids.

Upon arrival at the Fort Chambly National Historic Site, be sure to take in the full expanse of this picturesque site, as it is both magnificent and strategic. From its original wooden fort, which was built in 1665 by the soldiers of the Carignan-Salières Regiment, to the exit of British troops in the mid-19th century, every corner of the site echoes military life.

Step into the fortification, which features the restored main components of its original architecture, and discover how French soldiers lived in the era of New France.Roughly 30 kilometres southeast of Montréal, Fort Chambly rises proudly at the foot of the Richelieu River rapids. Built in 1711 to defend the colony, this stone fortification was preceded by three wooden forts.

Fort Edward National Historic Site

Discover a key chapter of Canada’s colonial history on a lonely hilltop high above Nova Scotia’s historic Minas Basin. Built in 1750, Fort Edward provided an important British stronghold during decades of discord with Acadian settlers and the Mi’kmaq people. Today, visitors can explore North America’s oldest military blockhouse and walk historic grounds with sweeping river views. The quiet, subdued site comes alive with imagination. Learn more

Fort Espérance National Historic Site

Stroll the picturesque banks of the Qu’Appelle River and walk around the stone monuments marking the spot where Fort Espérance, the North West Company’s oldest pemmican depot, once stood. Imagine the bustling scene of the company men and Indigenous tradespeople preparing the pemmican and buffalo hides, before heading two days march away to the junction of the Assiniboine River, the gateway to the prized Athabasca region.

Fort Gaspareaux National Historic Site

Fort Gaspareaux National Historic Site is an archaeological site located just outside Port Elgin, New Brunswick, 4.8 km from the village of Baie Verte. It is on a small point of land jutting into Baie Verte on the Northumberland Strait separating the mainland from Prince Edward Island.

The site consists of 1.23 hectares of flat coastal land on the south side of the estuary of the Gaspareaux River and is protected by a substantial sea wall. Its landscape contains archaeological traces of the French Fort Gaspareaux together with 9 graves of Provincial soldiers killed in 1756 while garrisoning the fort. The designation refers to the landscape and the remains of the French-English struggle it contains.

Fort George National Historic Site

Soldiers in redcoats fire muskets, clouding the air with black powder smoke. Fifers’ and Drummers’ tunes drift past blockhouses, a historic powder magazine and cannons on the lookout. Step straight from the genteel Victorian town of Niagara-on-the-Lake into the War of 1812 at Fort George, a military post that defended Upper Canada against American attacks. Experience that era by tasting food cooked 19th century-style over an open flame, then fire a musket yourself!

Fort Henry National Historic Site

British fort completed 1836 to defend Rideau Canal.
Kingston, Ontario
Kingston Fortifications National Historic Site

Fort Langley National Historic Site

Rising from the mist of the Fraser River, the palisades of Fort Langley stand tall. Inside the walls, rough-hewn timber buildings recreate the rugged 1800s. See where Hudson’s Bay Company fur traders mingled with California gold prospectors and hear First Nations interpreters tell century-old tales. Feel the blast of the musket fire, pan for gold dust dreams and dress up to play a historic trading boss.

Fort Lawrence National Historic Site

English fort, 1750-55
Fort Lawrence, Nova Scotia
Beaubassin and Fort Lawrence National Historic Sites

Fort Lennox National Historic Site

Closed to the public for conservation work

Parks Canada gives our past a future

In order to carry out major restoration work on the historic buildings situated on île aux Noix, the Fort Lennox National Historic Site will be closed in 2018 and 2019. Thank you for your understanding and we look forward to welcoming you in 2020 for the reopening.
More information

Fort Livingstone National Historic Site

Explore the site of what was once the first capitol of the North West Territories and the inaugural headquarters of the North West Mounted Police (NWMP). Tread carefully on the rocky ground, avoiding the red-sided garter snakes which thrive on this barren land and imagine the desolation felt by the first troops of the NWMP as they marched here under Commander French to bring Canadian law to the prairies.

Fort Malden National Historic Site

The location of an historic meeting between Major General Sir Isaac Brock and Shawnee Chief Tecumseh, the British stronghold on the Detroit frontier during the War of 1812 and the Rebellions of 1837-38, and the site of the longest American occupation on Canadian soil, Fort Malden National Historic Site, in Amherstburg, Ontario opens a fascinating doorway into Canada’s early military history.

Fort McNab National Historic Site

Built in the 1880s, Fort McNab was at one time the most powerful guardian of Halifax, thanks to its powerful breech-loading guns. Fort McNab served as an important counter-bombardment battery in the two World Wars before being decommissioned in 1959 and becoming a national historic site in 1965. Learn more

Fort Mississauga National Historic Site

Fort Mississauga is a large, square, brick defensive tower set within the remains of earthworks on the shoreline of the Niagara River. On the landward side, it is surrounded by golfing greens located within the town of Niagara-on-the-Lake.

Fort Pelly National Historic Site

Explore the site of this once-bustling Hudson’s Bay Company fort, a hive of activity from the men working in the fields to provide food, to the steady stream of First Nations fur trappers, and Métis pemmican providers. Discover the last traces of a once-grand fort, find the chimney stack remains and see the last of the cellar foundations.

Fort Rodd Hill National Historic Site of Canada

Tour through secret bunkers, military command posts and original 19th century buildings at Fort Rodd Hill, a west coast artillery fortress on active duty from 1895 to 1956. Be touched by the personal stories of soldiers and their families. Camp overnight in a group-friendly oTENTik.
Fort Rodd Hill National Historic Site

Fort Sainte Marie de Grace National Historic Site

Fort Sainte Marie de Grace National Historic Site is strategically located at LaHave, Nova Scotia, on a point of land where the LaHave River narrows. The land upon which the original fort was built has now eroded away; a Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada cairn, which marks the site, is situated near the original location of the fort. Official recognition refers to the small plot of land approximately equivalent to the footprint of the cairn. For more information, visit

Fort St. James National Historic Site

Travel back to 1896 when wealth was measured in fur pelts and salmon, the natural bounty bartered by the Carrier First Nations and European fur traders at Fort St. James. Tour Canada’s largest collection of wooden buildings faithfully restored to the fur trade era. Spend the night in the historic Murray house warmed by a wood stove and memories of the family who lived here more than a century ago.

Fort St. Joseph National Historic Site

Explore the ruins of Fort St. Joseph National Historic Site and feel the rich War of 1812 history that lingers – a history that saw a powerful alliance struck between the British and the First Nations People of the western Great Lakes region. Hike to Lake Huron’s edge, conjure friendly spirits on the Ghost Walk, watch for more than 100 species of birds and view authentic artefacts from the old fort.

Fort Ste. Thérèse National Historic Site

Site of French fort for defence against Iroquois, 1665
Chambly, Quebec
Chambly Canal National Historic Site

Fort Témiscamingue National Historic Site

For nearly two centuries, Fort Témiscamingue was a theatre where English and French rivals fought to control the fur trade. This important trading post on the shore of Lake Témiscamingue witnessed a stream of trappers arriving to sell their furs to merchants and traders who shipped them on to Europe. The English and French also fought over the hunting grounds of First Nations who had occupied this territory for 6,000 years.

Fort Walsh National Historic Site

Step back in time to the 1870s and discover what life was like on a working fort in the lawless time of rotgut whiskey runners. Imagine the scarlet serge-clad NWMP marching on parade, hear Métis legends handed down through generations and learn traditional crafts and skills. Uncover the history of Canada’s part in the aftermath of the Battle of Little Big Horn.

Fort Wellington National Historic Site

First built during the War of 1812 to defend the St. Lawrence River shipping route from attack by the United States, Fort Wellington also helped thwart another American invasion during the 1837-38 Upper and Lower Canada rebellions. Explore the wreck of an 1812-era gunboat, try on a costume and take part in military drill, witness a cannon firing, savour period treats cooked over an open fire, or play games from long ago.

Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site

A jewel of the provincial capital, the Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site is a reminder of the richness of the city's military past. The site takes us back to the French and British regimes when Québec played a deciding role in the defence of the colony. Stroll along the fortification walls, admire the work of highly skilled craftsmen and learn how these defensive works fashioned the city's layout and future growth.

Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site

French soldiers march down the streets of the town as ladies dance in formal parlours. Cannon fire shakes the ground as harpsichord tunes mingle with baking bread aromas drifting from the stone bakery. Step through Louisbourg’s fortress walls and time-warp back to the 1700s. Chat with fishermen, sailors and servants. Sip rum and watch lace-making as children play 300-year-old games and stew simmers on an open-hearth fire. It’s so real, it seems surreal.

Forts Rouge, Garry and Gibraltar National Historic Site

Forts Rouge, Garry and Gibraltar National Historic Site of Canada is located on three different positions at the forks of the Red and Assiniboine rivers in downtown Winnipeg, Manitoba. The only original surviving above-ground element is the north gate of Fort Garry II located in Upper Fort Garry Park, the walls of which have been partially reconstructed. The sites of the two forts Gibraltar and the first Fort Garry have been identified adjacent to Union Station, while the site of Fort Rouge is believed to be on South Point, immediately south across the Assiniboine River. Official recognition refers to the footprint of Fort Garry II, the known archaeological remains of Fort Gibraltar I, Fort Gibraltar II and Fort Garry I, and the probable location of Fort Rouge.


Frenchman Butte National Historic Site

Starved out by government agents and forced to pillage to survive, an old way of life gave way to the start of a new one in the Dominion of Canada for the First Nations. Explore the site of Frenchman Butte where Plains Cree engaged in battle with Canadian Militia troops. See the rifle pits dug by the Cree and picture the hundreds who sheltered within them.

Frog Lake National Historic Site

Just inside the Alberta border, the site of this tragic event is laden with memories of lives lived and lost: archaeological remains, a cemetery, and depressions in the earth representing the church, the mill, the milk house, stables… remnants of old wagon trails still exist. Frog Lake became a rallying cry for the Canadian Militia who were sent west to deal with the rising conflicts. Frustrated with the Canadian Government, especially the provision of food rations, Kah-Paypamhchukwao, also known as Wandering Spirit, and other warriors take control of Mishtahimaskwa’s (also known as Big Bear’s) Cree band and come to Frog Lake to take up issues with the Indian Agent. Tension erupts in the small settlement and nine people are killed and the rest taken hostage. The deaths at Frog Lake drive the Canadian Government to take a stronger law and order stance in the West.

Fundy National Park


Experience the world’s highest tides – not to mention pristine forests, deluxe campgrounds and a taste of Atlantic Canada culture – at Fundy National Park. Paddle in a kayak as the waters rise up to 12 metres or more. Walk the otherworldly sea floor at low tide. Or venture inland where trails lead to waterfalls deep in Acadian forests. With unique camping options – including yurts – and even regular music performances, Fundy is a Maritime treasure.

Georges Island National Historic Site

Thanks to its peerless position in Halifax Harbour, Georges Island was occupied by military forces for 200 years from 1750, acting as a key fortification protecting access to a key British station. Created by deposits left by glaciers thousands of years ago, the small island stood guard while battles raged for control of the East coast. Georges Island does not currently offer a visitor program, but special events are occasionally held, offering a rare opportunity to visit. Learn more about this site.

Georgian Bay Islands National Park

Welcome to the world’s largest freshwater archipelago—home to a boat-access nature preserve situated where the windswept white pines and granite shores of the Canadian Shield turn to dense deciduous woodland. Here, adventure is easy. Cycle wooded trails, overnight at secluded campsites or waterfront cabins and hike to viewpoints atop emerald shoreline. The landscape of Georgian Bay Islands National Park inspired the Group of Seven. Let it inspire you.

Gitwangak Battle Hill National Historic Site

At Gitwangak Battle Hill National Historic Site (formerly Kitwanga Fort), scan wide-open views of the scenic Kitwanga River valley and a high grassy knoll, once the site of a fortified village where the Gitwangak people defended their domain in the mid-1700s to 1800s. Hear the whisper of First Nations legends in the air around you as you stand beneath a line of majestic age-old totem poles at nearby Gitwangak Village.

Glacier National Park

With exceptional alpine scenery and deep valleys filled with ancient forests, Glacier National Park is a year-round paradise. Scale its heights following trails pioneered by legendary Swiss mountain guides, take a gentle stroll amid moss-draped old-growth cedars or hike through alpine meadows strewn with lichen-covered boulders. After a day’s exploring, sink into an armchair before a roaring fire and steep yourself in the history of Rogers Pass, the final link in the railway that brought Canada together as a nation.

Glengarry Cairn National Historic Site

Conical stone monument, with stairway, to the Glengarry and Argyle Regiment, erected in 1840
Cairn Island, Ontario

Grand-Pré National Historic Site

Immerse in a powerful monument that unites the Acadian people. Uncover the tale of Le grand dérangement through engaging multimedia. Admire the statue of Evangeline, heroine of an epic Longfellow poem. View impressive artefacts and statues, storytellers of a turbulent history. Located in the heart of a UNESCO World Heritage Site, this is Grand-Pré National Historic Site—once the epicentre of Acadian culture and now the most significant memorial to their tragic upheaval.

Grasslands National Park

Experience the solitude of the wide-open plain as the prairie wind ripples a sea of grasses beneath the clear blue sky. Ride a traditional wagon, sit before a crackling campfire or spend the night beneath a canopy of brilliant stars. Travel back in time as you gaze at dinosaur bones, wander past tipi rings and catch a glimpse of a prairie homestead on the distant horizon.

Grassy Island Fort National Historic Site of Canada

Centre of English fishery in 18th-century
Canso, Nova Scotia
Canso Islands National Historic Site

Green Gables Heritage Place

A straw hat, red-haired braids and a pinafore define Canada’s most loved fictional character, Anne of Green Gables. Meet the head-strong orphan and re-live her youthful escapades and mishaps within the memory-filled rooms of her home – Green Gables – where images from the blockbuster 1908 novel blend with the real life experiences of local author Lucy Maud Montgomery, who drew inspiration from the idyllic farmstead and its red woodland pathways.

Gros Morne National Park

Soaring fjords and moody mountains tower above a diverse panorama of beaches and bogs, forests and barren cliffs. Shaped by colliding continents and grinding glaciers, Gros Morne’s ancient landscape is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Wander coastal pathways and beachcomb among sea stacks. Cruise the dramatic, sheer-walled gorge of Western Brook Pond. Spot moose and caribou. Hike to alpine highlands where Arctic hare and ptarmigan thrive on tundra, and explore the colourful culture of nearby seaside communities.

Grosse Île and the Irish Memorial National Historic Site

Located in the middle of the St. Lawrence River, Grosse île was a quarantine station for the port of Québec from 1832 to 1937. At the time, the island was the main point of entry for immigrants coming to Canada. You will be moved by the story of Grosse Île, which stands in testament to both human tragedy and exceptional dedication. Relive the troubling experiences of immigrants who set sail in hopes of a better future, and those who cared for them upon arrival.

Gulf Islands National Park Reserve

Eagles and seabirds swirl in the skies above the Salish Sea, sheltered, islet-dotted waters teeming with seals, otters, orcas and pods of porpoises. Kayak, hike or cycle a lush paradise with rare eco-systems basking in a Mediterranean-like climate - the forested Gulf Islands are laced with trails leading to mountaintop viewpoints, lighthouses, and reminders of First Nations and pioneer pasts, while their shores and lagoons are a haven for thriving birdlife.

Gulf of Georgia Cannery National Historic Site

Explore the rise of the West Coast fishing industry at the Gulf of Georgia Cannery in colourful Steveston village. Learn about the multicultural workers who kept the salmon canning lines and a herring reduction plant moving through changing times. Learn about fishing methods from net to can. On a self-guided tour of the historic Fraser River cannery, hear fascinating fish tales revealed through photographs, recordings and fun interactive displays.

Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve, National Marine Conservation Area Reserve, and Haida Heritage Site

Massive moss-draped cedar and Sitka spruce tower above the Haida people’s ancient carved poles and fallen longhouses on the lush rainforest islands of Gwaii Haanas. Skies fill with bald eagles, bears scavenge salmon on wild beaches and the ocean teems with breaching whales, porpoises and sea lions. Experience a rich, remote landscape steeped in spirituality, protected by Parks Canada and the Haida who draw cultural inspiration from this land of their ancestors.

Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve, National Marine Conservation Area Reserve, and Haida Heritage Site

Massive moss-draped cedar and Sitka spruce tower above the Haida people’s ancient carved poles and fallen longhouses on the lush rainforest islands of Gwaii Haanas. Skies fill with bald eagles, bears scavenge salmon on wild beaches and the ocean teems with breaching whales, porpoises and sea lions. Experience a rich, remote landscape steeped in spirituality, protected by Parks Canada and the Haida who draw cultural inspiration from this land of their ancestors.

HMCS Haida National Historic Site

Canada’s proud history of wartime naval service is vividly on display aboard legendary HMCS Haida, a Tribal class destroyer that served in the Second World War, the Korean Conflict and the Cold War. Distinguishing herself in several historic battles, the Royal Canadian Navy’s most famous ship now proudly rests in Hamilton. Explore its historic decks and imagine yourself as a crew member of the destroyer dubbed ‘Canada’s most fightingest ship’.

Halifax Citadel National Historic Site

It’s obvious why this strategic hilltop location with a commanding view of the Halifax harbour was chosen in 1749 for the fort destined to protect the city. The Halifax Citadel’s star shaped architecture is equally as impressive from the inside and out. Step back in time with the 78th Highlanders and the 3rd Brigade Royal Artillery to learn what it was like for the soldiers and their families to live and work in this historic fort. Learn what roles the fort and its inhabitants played over time. Learn more


Hawthorne Cottage National Historic Site

In a fishing community on the rocky Newfoundland coast is a window to Canada’s maritime past and the life of one of the country’s greatest Arctic explorers. Retrace the daring exploits of Captain Bob Bartlett, commander of more than 20 Arctic voyages in the early and mid 20th century, inside Hawthorne Cottage, his family’s beloved homestead. See rare artefacts from his expeditions and period furnishings as you tour the cottage and explore its heritage gardens.

Hopedale Mission National Historic Site

Hopedale Mission National Historic Site Canada is a complex of large, wooden buildings constructed by the Moravian Church at Hopedale, Labrador. These large, wooden structures stand starkly silhouetted against the rocky shoreline of the vast, barren landscape. Official recognition refers to the cultural landscape comprised of the mission buildings on their shoreline site.

Howse Pass National Historic Site

Used by generations of First Nations as a route east from the Columbia River Valley through the rugged Rocky Mountains, Howse Pass now sees fewer travelers. It served the First Nations as a route through the mountains to bison, and was a short-lived gateway for European traders to the interior of British Columbia from trading posts in the foothills of Alberta. Blocked by tribes east of the pass, the traders, led by explorer and fur trader David Thompson, found a more northerly route.

Inverarden House National Historic Site

Enjoy a welcome back to the 1800s with a view of Inverarden House, on the shores of the St. Lawrence River near Cornwall, Ontario. Built in 1816, this stately Regency style house was restored to its original glory in 1970 and served as a museum for thirty years. Though no longer open to the public, Inverarden House remains a grand relic of eastern Ontario architectural history.

Ivvavik National Park

Ivvavik, meaning ‘a place for giving birth, a nursery,' in Inuvialuktun, the language of the Inuvialuit, is the first national park in Canada to be created as a result of an aboriginal land claim agreement. The park protects a portion of the calving grounds of the Porcupine caribou herd and represents the Northern Yukon and Mackenzie Delta natural regions.

Jasper House National Historic Site

Gaze across the Athabasca River and envision 50 years of fur trading history located at the junction of towering mountain ranges and mountain passes. For almost half a century Jasper House was the main stopping place for fur traders using the Athabasca, and Yellowhead passes, and an important meeting place for adventurers, voyageurs, artists and missionaries. A short, beautiful walk leads you to the Jasper House viewpoint and interpretation panels.

Jasper National Park

Extending over 11,000 square kilometres, it is the largest national park in the Canadian Rockies and part of UNESCO's Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks World Heritage Site.

Find your connection to this special place by discovering one or all of our five spectacular regions, exploring our extensive trail network, visiting our famous red chair locations or participating in Parks Canada led programs and events. (Hint: the winter months are pretty spectacular!)

Useful links

Jasper Park Information Centre National Historic Site

At the heart of Jasper townsite is a log and stone building, a classic example of Rustic architecture found in many Canadian national parks. Here, in the Jasper Park Information Centre, friendly park experts offer insights on front and backcountry exploring, hiking trails, camping, paddling, wildlife viewing and skiing. To help you make the most of your stay, you can also get details on special events, weather conditions, and pick up maps and permits. The Friends of Jasper Gift Shop and Tourism Jasper are also on site, making the Info Centre a one-stop destination to plan your adventure.

Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site

Generations of families have paddled, hiked, camped, and connected with nature and Mi’kmaw culture at Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site. When the sun sets, the skies over Kejimkujik reveal a beautiful panorama of tens of thousands of stars in Nova Scotia’s only Dark Sky Preserve. Rock engravings known as petroglyphs, traditional encampment areas, and canoe routes attest to the presence of the Mi’kmaw people for thousands of years.

Kejimujik National Park Seaside is a separate protected wilderness on the Atlantic coast where you can experience pristine white sand beaches, astounding turquoise waters, coastal bogs, abundant wildflowers, rich lagoon systems, and coastal wildlife.

Camping reservations

Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site

Generations of families have paddled, hiked, camped, and connected with nature and Mi’kmaw culture at Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site. When the sun sets, the skies over Kejimkujik reveal a beautiful panorama of tens of thousands of stars in Nova Scotia’s only Dark Sky Preserve. Rock engravings known as petroglyphs, traditional encampment areas, and canoe routes attest to the presence of the Mi’kmaw people for thousands of years.

Kejimujik National Park Seaside is a separate protected wilderness on the Atlantic coast where you can experience pristine white sand beaches, astounding turquoise waters, coastal bogs, abundant wildflowers, rich lagoon systems, and coastal wildlife.

Camping reservations

Kicking Horse Pass National Historic Site

Cross the Kicking Horse Pass, the highest point on the Trans-Canada Highway, and stare down onto a spectacular mountain corridor in Yoho National Park. The legendary pass opened British Columbia to the rest of Canada by rail in the 19th century. From the Spiral Tunnels viewpoint, watch a Canadian engineering phenomenon in action as trains disappear into one Rocky Mountain tunnel and emerge from another at a different elevation on the steep slopes.

Kingston Fortifications National Historic Site

Kingston Fortifications National Historic Site is located in and around the harbour area of Kingston, Ontario. Situated at the mouth of the Cataraqui River, and overlooking the confluence of Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River, the fortifications consist of five separate 19th-century military installations, including Fort Henry National Historic Site of Canada (NHSC), Fort Frederick, part of the Point Frederick Buildings NHSC, the Murney Tower NHSC, Shoal Tower NHSC, and Cathcart Martello Tower. An inter-related defense system, the concentration and orientation of the limestone fortifications towards the water convey their essential purpose as a defensible platform for guns. Built between 1832 and 1840, the Kingston fortifications represent the apogee of smooth bore technology. Official recognition refers to the boundaries of each of these installations situated around the Kingston Harbour.

Historic site not operated by Parks Canada - Fees continue to apply in 2017.

Kluane National Park and Reserve

Kluane – high in the mountains of southwest Yukon – is a land of extremes. The park is home to Canada’s highest peak (5,959-metre Mount Logan), its largest ice field and North America’s most genetically diverse grizzly population. Travellers from around the world come to traverse alpine passes on backcountry odysseys and raft past calving glaciers. With exceptional day hikes and highway-side scenery, Kluane awes from every angle.

Kootenae House National Historic Site

Stand on the historic spot where trade began between the Ktunaxa (Kootenay) people and European fur traders in 1807, forever changing the course of First Nations and Canadian history. On this terraced grassland overlooking the Columbia Valley, the North West Company built the first fur trading post in the region and legendary explorer and surveyor David Thompson set off to survey the Columbia, the renowned “Great River of the West.”

Kootenay National Park

Established in 1920 as part of an agreement to build a new road across the Rockies, Kootenay National Park is a place of unique contrasts, from icy mountain rivers to steamy hot springs. Take a 60-minute scenic drive and discover a new surprise around every bend. Spend the day exploring deep canyons and tumbling waterfalls just a short stroll from the road. Or, plan a vacation traversing the park’s backcountry trails.

Kouchibouguac National Park

Discover a national park on New Brunswick’s Acadian Coast where lush mixed-wood forests lead to colourful salt marshes and warm ocean beaches. Offshore, golden sand dunes foster calm seas. At night, this Dark Sky Preserve is a celestial masterpiece; in winter, it is a snowbound fun-zone. And each of these natural wonders intertwines with fascinating Mi’kmaq and Acadian cultures. Welcome to Kouchibouguac National Park—an awe-inspiring all-season destination.

L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site

At the tip of Newfoundland’s Great Northern Peninsula lies the first known evidence of European presence in the Americas. Here Norse expeditions sailed from Greenland, building a small encampment of timber-and-sod buildings over 1000 years ago Against a stunning backdrop of rugged cliffs, bog, and coastline, discover the fascinating archaeological remains of the Viking encampment, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1978. You’ll meet costumed Viking interpreters as you tour the recreated base camp and discover original artifacts from this internationally renowned archaeological find.

L.M. Montgomery's Cavendish National Historic Site


L.M. Montgomery’s Cavendish National Historic Site is a cultural landscape that embraces the landscape near Cavendish, Prince Edward Island, that author L. M. Montgomery knew so well and made famous in her “Anne of Green Gables” books. The designated area includes the Green Gables house, Montgomery’s Cavendish home, and several landscape features such as the Haunted Wood Trail, Balsam Hollow Trail and Lover’s Lane, dear to Montgomery and familiar to her readers.

The Site of Lucy Maud Montgomery's Cavendish Home

The Site of Lucy Maud Montgomery's Cavendish Home is the farm of Montgomery’s maternal grandparents where she lived for the first 37 years of her life. This farmscape incorporates the ruins of the house and farm buildings that existed in Montgomery’s time, as well as the wooded groves and pathways described in her stories.

Please note: This site is not included in the Discovery Pass or the Green Gables Heritage Place entry fee.

Green Gables Heritage Place

The second area encompasses Green Gables, the neighbouring farmstead which inspired the setting of Montgomery’s most famous novel, "Anne of Green Gables" published in 1908. The site includes the house in its natural setting with surroundings that inspired both her imagination and her fiction including the Haunted Wood, the site of the schoolhouse, Lover’s Lane and the babbling brook.

Together these landscapes evoke both Montgomery’s real life and the fictional world she created.

La Coupe Dry Dock National Historic Site

Site may represent 18th-century Acadian construction
Aulac, New Brunswick
La Coupe Dry Dock National Historic Site

La Mauricie National Park

As well as forests of conifers and hardwoods, La Mauricie will treat you to touches of azure: the Park has more than 150 lakes of various sizes. During the day, let the haunting cry of the common loon thrill your spirit. Nearby, pools at the foot of waterfalls invite you to come for a swim. When evening falls, it's the hooting of the barred owl or the great horned owl that lulls you to sleep.

Lachine Canal National Historic Site

A link between the city and nature, the Lachine Canal is located in the southwest section of Montreal. Its 13.5-kilometre urban route runs between the Old Port and Lake Saint-Louis, a navigable waterway punctuated by five locks. Along its banks, a linear green urban park is lined with vestiges of the industrial era when the canal boomed. Throughout the year, a varied schedule of activities makes this historic site a great place to experience with family or friends.

Lake Superior National Marine Conservation Area

There’s a reason Lake Superior has been referred to as an inland ocean and you’ll discover that for yourself when you visit this immensely beautiful Great Lake. Called gichigamiing or “The Big Lake” by the Anishinaabe people of the region and known for its furious storms, the Lake Superior National Marine Conservation Area will soon be recognized as one of the largest protected areas of fresh water in the world.

Laurier House National Historic Site

Entering the former residence of two of Canada’s most important Prime Ministers is like stepping into the inner sanctum of our country’s political history. For over fifty years this Second Empire mansion in downtown Ottawa was at the heart of Canadian political life, serving as the residence of both Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the Rt. Hon. William Lyon Mackenzie King. Here they entertained dignitaries and politicians while often conducting the business of state.

Linear Mounds National Historic Site

Linear Mounds was designated as a national historic site of Canada in 1973 because the site contains some of the most spectacular and best-preserved examples of mortuary mounds belonging to the Devil's Lake-Sourisford Burial Complex. Located near the Souris River in southern Manitoba, the Linear Mounds burial site is a sophisticated construction consisting of three mounds spread out over a large area of land. These burial mounds, dating from approximately 900 to about 1400 AD, are complex constructions of soil, bone and other materials. The excellent state of preservation of these mounds has yielded a wealth of information concerning life in the Great Plains at this time, revealing, by the nature of the goods in the burial mounds, that the peoples of this area were part of a continent-wide trading network.


Louis S. St-Laurent National Historic Site

Located in Compton in the Eastern Townships 20 km from Sherbrooke, the Louis S. St-Laurent National Historic Site recalls the life and work of the former Canadian prime minister. Visit the house where he was born as well as his father’s general store, and fall under the spell of the 1950s. Explore the remarkable history of a man renowned for his integrity and immerse yourself in the attractions of the rural village where he grew up.

Louis-Joseph Papineau National Historic Site

November 6, 1837: the house of Louis-Joseph Papineau, leader of the Patriotes, is attacked by the Doric Club, an Anglophone paramilitary organization. Fortunately, the attackers failed to get inside. This Old Montréal building bears witness to one of the most tormented times in Quebec and Canadian history. Although closed to the public, it’s possible to see the beautifully restored façade of the residence from the days when Papineau was at the peak of his political career.

Lower Fort Garry National Historic Site

Nations gather to make a historic treaty between Ojibwa, Swampy Cree and the Crown. Below on the banks of the Red River, York boats rowed by a Métis crew arrive with furs from across the continent. Walk amongst Canada’s oldest collection of stone fur trade buildings to experience life of the trappers and traders of the Hudson’s Bay Company at Lower Fort Garry as they lived in the 1850s.

Lévis Forts National Historic Site

Built between 1865 and 1872, the Lévis Forts were designed to protect Quebec City against an American invasion. The last in a series of three detached forts, Fort No. 1 attests to the remarkable technological innovations of the time. Stroll through dark, vaulted tunnels, discovering underground firing ranges, a powder magazine and casemates. Learn about the history of the fort and military strategies. And on a clear day, enjoy the superb panorama.

Maillou House National Historic Site

Fine example of 18th-century Quebec town architecture, 1736
Québec, Quebec
Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site

Maligne Lake Chalet and Guest House National Historic Site

The chalet and guest house represent the prominent role played by outfitters, guides and the competing interests of railways in the development of the national parks.
Jasper National Park of Canada, Alberta

Manoir Papineau National Historic Site

Set in Montebello, halfway between Gatineau and Montréal, Manoir Papineau is a page straight out of 19th century history that opens right before your eyes, the grand estate of Louis-Joseph Papineau, the man who was to become a leading figure in Canadian politics.

Flanked by four towers, the manor house rules over its surrounding landscape with its landscaped garden, spacious lawns, wooded areas and a stream.

Take an excursion into the life of the head of Francophone patriots. On the menu: a guided tour of the manor and its outbuildings. Nostalgia is guaranteed.

Marconi National Historic Site

In a world of nanosecond speeds and cloud technology, it’s hard to remember a time when wireless messages couldn’t even cross the Atlantic. Guglielmo Marconi would change the world forever with the first official transatlantic exchange of radio messages at Glace Bay. Find out how Marconi triumphed at his first permanent transatlantic wireless station at Table Head, and how his work would usher in the age of global communications.

Melanson Settlement National Historic Site

An archaeological survey undertaken in 1984 on quiet farmland on the banks of the Annapolis River unlocked the key to the history of the Acadian settlers who lived here throughout the 17th and 18th centuries.

The Melanson Settlement revealed a system of dykeland farming unique among Acadians living in North America which involved families and neighbours cooperatively working the land.

Stroll the path and take in the view over the marshlands and fields. Learn more

Merrickville Blockhouse National Historic Site

Part of lock system of Rideau Canal, 1832-33
Merrickville, Ontario
Rideau Canal National Historic Site

Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve

Instantly captivating, the Mingan Archipelago features colossal limestone outcroppings that evoke landscapes from primeval times. Frolicking whales and seals enliven the vast, blue horizon, while over 1,000 islands and islets enchant visitors with their unique flora and seabird colonies. Discover this timeless natural wonder aboard a sea expedition or by exploring the many island nature trails!

Mississauga Point Lighthouse National Historic Site

Located on the shoreline of the Niagara River in Niagara-on the-Lake, Ontario, Mississauga Point Lighthouse National Historic Site marks the site of the first lighthouse built on the Great Lakes in 1804. While archaeological remains are believed to be situated below what is now the eastern mortar bastion of Fort Mississauga National Historic Site, no aboveground evidence survives. Official recognition refers to the symbolic significance of the vanished lighthouse as represented by the commemorative plaque affixed to the west gate of Fort Mississauga National Historic Site, with a perimeter of 5 metres in radius from the plaque.

Mnjikaning Fish Weirs National Historic Site

Mnjikaning Fish Weirs National Historic Site is located on portions of the bottom of the Narrows between Lakes Simcoe and Couchiching, a part of the Trent-Severn Waterway. This includes the navigable marked channel, the old channel that runs to the northeast and marshland surrounding these channels. The constriction of the Narrows allows fish to be caught as they move between the lakes, and the shallowness of the channel permits wooden weirs to be built there. The channel today is divided in two: the original channel curves to the northeast, and the navigation channel runs straight to the north. The navigation channel was first dredged in 1856-57, and dredging has also taken place in the original channel south of the junction. A linear island has been created along the eastern side of the navigation channel. A causeway for an old Canadian Pacific Railway bed runs across the north end of the narrows. Marshland lies in between these channels, and also east of the old channel. A third channel seems to have existed in the past, curving to the west of the navigation channel and it has been largely filled in by modern development. The official recognition refers to the location of the weirs underwater in the channel between the two lakes.

To find out more about this place, visit

Montmorency Park National Historic Site

Site of bishop's palace; Parliament of Canada 1851-55
Québec, Quebec 
Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site

Monument-Lefebvre National Historic Site

Immerse yourself in the tumultuous struggles and passionate cultural revival of the Acadian people, descendants of the 17th-century, mostly French, colonists who settled in what is now Canada’s Maritime provinces.

Standing as a proud symbol of contemporary Acadie, visitors to the Monument-Lefebvre will, through the sweeping exhibit “Reflections of a Journey – The Odyssey of the Acadian People,” journey into the past and vibrant future of the Acadian people, alive in music and history.

Motherwell Homestead National Historic Site

As the 19th century closes, a stream of pioneer-farmers move west from Ontario, seeking a new life on the prairies. Early Saskatchewan settler, W.R. Motherwell became a community leader whose passion for scientific farming methods took him all the way to parliament as Minister of Agriculture. Live a day in the life of a prairie farmer in the 1900s on W.R. Motherwell’s historic homestead, Lanark Place.

Mount Revelstoke National Park

Take a cool stroll through a lush rainforest on a hot summer day. Stand at the point of no return, where champions once launched themselves down a world-famous ski jump, and imagine the thrill of flight. Climb the only mountain in the national park system that you can summit just a short walk from your car – all at Mount Revelstoke National Park.

Murney Tower National Historic Site

Mid 19th-century British imperial masonry fortification
Kingston, Ontario
Kingston Fortifications National Historic Site

Nahanni National Park Reserve

The Cirque of the Unclimbables’ granite spires rise out of the lush alpine meadow, at Náįlįcho (Virginia Falls) the South Nahanni River surges over a drop twice the height of Niagara Falls. Nahanni National Park Reserve, encompassing 30,000 square kilometers, is a designated UNESCO world heritage site. The Dehcho First Nations welcome adventurers to Nahʔą Dehé, land of peaks, plateaus and wild rivers.

Nan Sdins National Historic Site

The village, SG̱ang Gwaay Llnagaay (Nan Sdins), is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is located in a sheltered bay on the east side of the island. Visitors can explore upright and fallen poles, house pits, and standing posts and beams of longhouses.
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve, National Marine Conservation Area Reserve, and Haida Heritage Site

Navy Island National Historic Site

Navy Island National Historic Site is a heavily wooded, uninhabited island on the Canadian side of the Niagara River just above Niagara Falls, Ontario. In the 1760s, Navy Island became the first British shipyard to serve the Upper Great Lakes and, during the Rebellions of 1837, was the seat of William Lyon Mackenzie’s exiled government. The island features many surviving archaeological resources. Official recognition refers to the entire island.

Nááts'įhch'oh National Park Reserve

Nááts'įhch'oh National Park Reserve is named after Nááts'įhch'oh the mountain – a powerful place for the people of the Sahtu. Near the Yukon-Northwest Territories border, the park is in the traditional lands of the Shúhtaot'ine (Mountain Dene), and home to grizzly bear, Dall’s sheep, mountain goats, and woodland caribou.

Pacific Rim National Park Reserve

Suit up in your storm gear and watch the winter breakers crash on a rocky shoreline, or enjoy a summer stroll along an endless sandy beach. Step out of your kayak to be greeted by a First Nation Beach Keeper, or hear ancient legends told around the campfire by Guardians of the West Coast Trail. Pacific Rim National Park Reserve offers a West Coast experience steeped in nature and history.

Peterborough Lift Lock National Historic

The Peterborough Lift Lock National Historic Site of Canada is located on the Otonabee River section of the Trent Canal in the City of Peterborough, Ontario. It is a large concrete structure along the Trent-Severn Waterway designed to lift boats 19.8 metres. The lock operates on a balance system, whereby water is let into the upper chamber, a connecting valve is opened and the heavier chamber automatically descends, forcing up the lower chamber to start a new cycle.
Trent-Severn Waterway National Historic Site

Pingo Canadian Landmark

Pingo Canadian Landmark protects a unique arctic landform: ice-cored hills called pingos. Rising out of the flat tundra, these hills provide a distinctive backdrop to the community of Tuktoyaktuk, Northwest Territories. Pingo Canadian Landmark features eight of the 1350 pingos found in the region including Ibyuk Pingo, Canada's highest. Reaching 49 metres (160 feet) in height and stretching 300 metres (984 feet) across its base, Ibyuk is also the world's second-tallest pingo.

For centuries, pingos have acted as navigational aids for Inuvialuit travelling by land and water and as a convenient height of land for spotting caribou on the tundra or whales offshore.


Point Clark Lighthouse National Historic Site

Standing guard on the shores of Lake Huron, the Point Clark Lighthouse, built between 1855 and 1859, is part of an important system of “Imperial” lighthouses on Lake Huron and Georgian Bay. Visit the still-functioning 24 m/78 ft limestone tower to see the 12-sided lantern that shines a bright light on the historical significance of lighthouses to Great Lakes navigation. Nearby, the lightkeeper’s house museum illuminates the lives led on lonely shores.

Point Pelee National Park

At the southernmost point of the Canadian mainland - Point Pelee National Park, experience nature like never before. Each spring, view flocks of migratory birds, joined in autumn by waves of vivid Monarch butterflies. In winter, wander snowy trails past ice-cloaked trees and in summer, bask on sandy beaches. Whether you cycle, paddle or hike Canada’s smallest but most ecologically diverse national park, you’ll be immersed in an unforgettable eco-adventure.

Pointe-au-Père Lighthouse National Historic Site

From atop Pointe-au-Père lighthouse, the St. Lawrence appears even more magnificent than at ground level. On the shore of what is considered one of the most difficult waterways to navigate, the Pointe-au-Père navigational aid station has provided the best pilots to take charge of ships sailing between North America and Europe, making it a vital site. As well, it was also off Pointe-au-Père that the grand cruise ship, the Empress of Ireland, tragically sank in 1914.

Port au Choix National Historic Site

On the west side of Newfoundland's Great Northern Peninsula, you’ll find the crossroads of 6000 years of human history. The sea’s bounty drew Maritime Archaic Indian, Dorset and Groswater Paleoeskimo, and “Recent Indian”s here long before Europeans arrived. Seals on passing iceflows were hunted by the Dorset and used for food, shelter and clothing.

Discover one of North America’s most fascinating archaeological finds amid a rugged coastline of unique limestone barrens, forests and bays. Visit ancient burial sites, settlements and view original artifacts, from slate spears to harpoons.

Port-Royal National Historic Site

Port-Royal National Historic Site features a reconstruction of the Habitation, an enclosed wooden compound.In 1605, Samuel de Champlain helped establish one of the earliest European attempts at settlement in North America on land that is the traditional homeland of the Mi’kmaq. Costumed interpreters will help you understand the challenges faced by the French as they carved out a new settlement. Let your imagination soar as you walk along the shore of the Annapolis Basin, and gaze at the same horizon that the Mi’kmaq experienced for thousands of years and that Champlain saw in 1605. Learn more

Prince Albert National Park

Whether your idea of adventure is portaging a canoe between remote forest lakes or a day of pulse-racing waterskiing and wakeboarding, Prince Albert National Park satisfies with a mix of wilderness and accessibility.

Prince Edward Island National Park

Gentle surf strokes sandy beaches alongside red cliffs and wind-sculpted dunes. Cycle a seashore path, savour a picnic by a lighthouse and spot heron wading in coastal bays. Hike woodlands and overlook ponds watching for red fox, waterfowl and warblers, then head to one of many beaches to build spectacular sandcastles. At sunset, roast marshmallows over a campfire listening to tales and songs - Prince Edward Island National Park is a giant playground for kids of all ages.

Prince of Wales Fort National Historic Site

Seek the thrill of adventure in Churchill, Manitoba... and see the astonishing Prince of Wales Fort built 250 years ago on the bare, windswept coast of Hudson Bay. Get a real sense of a fur trader’s life in the subarctic at this massive stone outpost. Hop on a boat to the fort and experience unforgettable whale watching en route – more than 3,000 beluga whales gather in the Churchill River in July and August.

Prince of Wales Tower National Historic Site

The first tower of its type ever built in North America; the Prince of Wales Tower is part of the robust Halifax Defence Complex constructed, beginning in the 1790s, to protect British sea batteries from a French landward attack. This solid, thick walled Martello tower stands guard on the highest point of Point Pleasant Park. Today, interpretive panels portray the tower’s history, architectural features and significance as a defensive structure. Learn more

Province House National Historic Site


The birthplace of Confederation and the seat of Prince Edward Island's provincial legislature since 1847, Province House National Historic Site is a Charlottetown landmark.

While the building is closed for conservation work, please visit the Story of Confederation exhibit at Confederation Centre of the Arts located next door. Experience an impressive replica of Confederation Chamber and watch Parks Canada's award-winning film, A Building of Destiny, to learn more about the history of Province House and the Charlottetown Conference.

Parks Canada is committed to providing updates on the important conservation project at Province House National Historic Site. For more information about this project, visit our Conservation Project schedule page.


Pukaskwa National Park

Waves roll across immense Lake Superior and crash against a remote granite shore. Tracts of windswept spruce and pine reach beyond the horizon from towering cliffs and along secluded sandy beaches. Black bears feast on blueberry bushes; haunting loon song scores sunsets; moose stilt-walk across wetlands. And the culture of the Anishinaabe First Nations connects Pukaskwa National Park's wilderness to the powerful richness of an ancient human story.

Qausuittuq National Park

Imagine a cluster of islands in a frozen sea, a home for the endangered Peary caribou, a traditional hunting and fishing area that has sustained Inuit of Resolute Bay since the time of their relocation in the 1950’s; Qausuittuq National Park is all of that and more.

Queenston Heights National Historic Site

Explore the site of one of Canada’s most famous battles, where Major-General Sir Isaac Brock, Commander-in-Chief of the British forces in Upper Canada, and his aide-de-camp John Macdonell made the ultimate sacrifice leading their men in the protection and preservation of Niagara during the Battle of Queenston Heights in the War of 1812. Climb the spiral stairs of the monument that commemorates Major General Brock’s heroic leadership and courage and marks his final resting place. Enjoy a sweeping view of the Niagara landscape and learn about Brock’s early life from costumed guides.

Quttinirpaaq National Park

Shimmering ice caps are punctured by jagged black peaks and massive glaciers fuel wild rivers. White Arctic hare graze amid a purple saxifrage-dotted landscape while ancient peoples’ camps and explorers’ shelters dot rugged, pristine Quttinirpaaq. The top of the world is an extreme and exhilarating experience where groups of muskoxen roam the tundra and curious caribou pass nearby in the glow of the Midnight Sun.

Know before you go

Québec Garrison Club National Historic Site

Only private military club in Canada perpetuating the British colonial tradition of assembling military officers in a social environment, 1879
Québec, Quebec
Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site

Red Bay National Historic Site

During the mid-16th century, large numbers of right and bowhead whales drew whalers from the Basque region of Spain and France to the Strait of Belle Isle, where they established a major whaling port at Red Bay. For some 70 years, Basque whalers made the dangerous, month-long journey across the Atlantic to hunt whales and produce the oil that lit the lamps of Europe.

See original Basque artifacts, remains, and restored chalupa at this national historic site and World Heritage Site.

Rideau Canal National Historic Site

Seasonal lockage permit for canoe and kayak - special

Lockage permit

Launch your own adventure along Canada's original highways. The lockage permit is valid for the entire navigation season and provides passage through Parks Canada’s historic canals.

Get your lockage permits here.

Cast a fishing line from a rocky outcrop. Visit Victorian towns and military blockhouses. Cycle a woodland pathway and picnic alongside hand-operated locks on the 19th century Rideau Canal, an historic waterway linking a scenic string of rivers and lakes. Quickly constructed in a time of military threat, the length of the canal is now a diverse outdoor playground where history mingles with the mellow Eastern Ontario countryside.

Ridgeway Battlefield National Historic Site

Ridgeway Battlefield National Historic Site is located within a four-hectare parcel of parkland in the small community of Ridgeway in southwestern Ontario, approximately five kilometres west of the Town of Fort Erie. The site consists of the 1866 battlefield, which now includes privately owned rural agricultural properties. Official recognition refers to the approximate limits of the 1866 battlefield.

Riding Mountain National Park

Yellow goldenrods sway in prairie meadows and a gentle breeze blows through the aspen. Black bears pad along boreal trails and the piercing sound of elk bugling echoes around the forest. Visit Grey Owl’s historic cabin and see the enduring landmark of the East Gate. Go to sleep under canvas lulled by the sounds of night birds and wake to decide which of the 400 km of trails you’ll hike today.

Riding Mountain Park East Gate Registration Complex National Historic Site

Rising up at the curve of the road, its truss bridge spanning the twin turret-like cupolas, the East Gate registration Complex stands proud as the last remaining early 1930s-style National Park gate. A shining example of the traditional Canadian Rustic Design style of architecture, its logs and stone walls were built by local craftsmen with local materials. Nowadays it still remains as eastern gateway to Riding Mountain National Park.

Riel House National Historic Site

Explore the life of Louis Riel and his struggle to protect the social, cultural and political status of his fellow Métis after the Hudson’s Bay Company sold Rupert’s Land to the Dominion of Canada. Learn about the daily life of the Métis and how this turbulent time in history gave birth to the province of Manitoba.

Rocky Mountain House National Historic Site

Rocky Mountain House National Historic Site is one of Canada’s fine examples of how the fur trade helped shape the nation. Enjoy exhibits, walk through archaeological remains of the four forts, get hands on experience with Métis skills of the fur trade. Stay awhile and camp in Indigenous trapper’s tents and tipis. 

Rogers Pass National Historic Site

Rogers Pass National Historic Site, the cultural heart of Glacier National Park

Hike along the abandoned Canadian Pacific Railway line that in 1885 sliced through the Selkirk Mountains and connected a nation from coast-to-coast. Explore the stone ruins of a mountain resort once reached by horse-drawn carriage. Picnic among giant old-growth cedars. Ski-tour along deep powder trails. Sight black bears and mountain goats. Experience the unfolding of Canada’s past at Rogers Pass National Historic Site, the cultural heart of Glacier National Park.

Rouge National Urban Park

A rich assembly of natural, cultural and agricultural landscapes, Rouge National Urban Park is home to amazing biodiversity, some of the last remaining working farms in the Greater Toronto Area, Carolinian ecosystems, Toronto’s only campground, one of the region’s largest marshes, unspoiled beaches, amazing hiking opportunities, and human history dating back over 10,000 years, including some of Canada's oldest known Indigenous sites.

Royal Battery National Historic Site

Royal Battery National Historic Site, located within the Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site in Nova Scotia, is an archaeological site that dominates the north shore of Louisbourg Harbour. Appearing as a low grassy ridge, the outline of the battery’s ditch and glacis are still evident, as are the mounds that mark the remains of the flanking towers. The official recognition refers to the archaeological resources and landscape of the designated place in their existing spatial relationships.
Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site

Ryan Premises National Historic Site

A salty scent lingers within the cluster of white, 19th century clapboard buildings of the Ryan Premises, perched on the shore of Bonavista’s historic and picturesque harbour. Hear the reminiscences of the site’s interpreters, most of whom have a personal connection to the fishing industry; marvel at the variety of artifacts in the on-site Bonavista Museum; and explore the internationally-recognized “Cod, Seals and Survivors” exhibition that tells the 500-year story of Canada’s east coast fishery.

S.S. Keno National Historic Site

Wooden steamboat built 1922, 140 feet x 30 feet, three decks, dry docked in Dawson home of the Klondike.
Dawson, Yukon Territory
Klondike National Historic Sites

S.S. Klondike National Historic Site

For the first half of the twentieth century, the sternwheelers of the British Yukon Navigation Company plied the upper Yukon River between Whitehorse and Dawson City. The S.S. Klondike was the largest of the fleet. Sitting proudly on the banks of the Yukon River in Whitehorse, she has been meticulously restored and refurnished, paying tribute to an era before roads, when riverboats and rail linked the Yukon to the outside world.

Sable Island National Park Reserve

A wild and windswept island of sand sits far out in the North Atlantic, its iconic crescent shape emerging from the expanse of the sea. Isolated and remote, Sable Island is one of Canada’s furthest offshore islands. Shifting sand dunes, among Eastern Canada’s largest, dominate the landscape. The famous Sable Island wild horses roam freely, and the world’s biggest breeding colony of grey seals lives on its extensive beaches. Freshwater ponds hint at the life-sustaining freshwater lens floating below the island. Plants, birds, and insects have adapted to life on Sable, some of which are found nowhere else on earth.

Sable Island has a long and fascinating human history which spans more than four centuries. More than 350 vessels have been wrecked due to rough seas, fog, and submerged sandbars surrounding the island, earning it the title “Graveyard of the Atlantic”. Canada’s first life-saving station, established in 1801, was built here. Sable Island is a testament to survival in an unlikely environment.

Saguenay–St. Lawrence Marine Park

Watch whales and learn about the fascinating mammals and their habitat. The Saguenay–St. Lawrence Marine Park is recognized as one of the best places in the world for whale watching.

Saint Croix Island International Historic Site

In June of 1604, French nobleman-courtier Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons and his expedition established a settlement on St. Croix Island. In the milder months, they built houses, a storehouse, kitchen and chapel, and formed strong Aboriginal trade alliances.

In the territory they called “l'Acadie,”—the first attempt at year-round colonization by the French—they faced a bitter winter and set the foundation for an enduring French presence in North America.

Saint-Louis Forts and Châteaux National Historic Site

Did you know that an archaeological crypt revealing the official residence and seat of power of governors from 1620 to 1834 is hidden under Dufferin Terrace in Québec City? Discover its history and stroll through the remains of Château Saint-Louis. Explore its lower court, outbuildings and culinary complex. Some 120 artifacts and technologically advanced devices will help you relive the lives of the château’s residents.

Saint-Louis Mission National Historic Site

Saint-Louis Mission National Historic Site lies on a tableland beside the Hogg River, 3 kilometres inland from Georgian Bay, near Victoria Harbour, Ontario. This 2-hectare archaeological site was an open field when it was investigated in the first half of the 20th century. Since that time the field has been left fallow, while part of the site area has grown into a mixed hardwood forest and the rest has been planted with pine trees. There are mounds and surface depressions indicative of past archaeological investigations. Official recognition refers to the limits of the village and mission as defined by the palisade on the south and west sides, and by the riverbanks on the east and north sides.

Saint-Ours Canal National Historic Site

As a result of the opening of the Saint-Ours Canal in 1849, boats were able to bypass the final obstacle on the waterway between Montreal and New York. Called the tenth lock on the Richelieu, the canal would prove indispensable to international, regional and local trade for over a century.

Today, the Saint-Ours canal is a place of relaxation and a resort that offers an exceptional setting as well as magnificent views of the Richelieu River. Recreational boaters, strollers and oTENTik campers flock to the site each year to take advantage of this unique setting.

Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Canal National Historic Site

Located west of Montreal, the Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Canal connects Lake Saint-Louis and Lake des Deux-Montagnes. Opened in 1843, this waterway played an important commercial role in the shipping of lumber and the transport of immigrants. Today, the canal and its lock are used primarily by recreational boaters.

Saoyú-ʔehdacho National Historic Site

Saoyú and Ɂehdacho are teaching, healing and spiritual places, essential to the cultural well-being of the Sahtúgot‘ı̨nę -- “the people of Sahtú.”

Saoyú hǝ́ Ɂehdacho dahxáré dene gháonetę hǝ́ dene najú hǝ́ edire newehtsįnę náoweré ts’ę́ káadets’enęɂá sį́į goghǫ agǫ́ht’e.

Sault Ste. Marie Canal National Historic Site

The Sault Ste. Marie Canal, built in 1895, was the world’s longest lock, the first to operate using electricity and the last link in an all-Canadian navigational chain from the Atlantic to Lake Superior. Today the Canal, used by recreational craft, is a great spot for boat-watching and picnics - but you can do more than watch! Let a Parks Canada interpreter/guide introduce you to the Canal’s fascinating history.

Shoal Tower National Historic Site

Mid 19th-century British imperial masonry fortification
Kingston, Ontario
Kingston Fortifications National Historic Site

Signal Hill National Historic Site

As St. John’s most popular landmark, Signal Hill recalls the town’s historic past and communications triumph, as well as offering coastal hikes and colourful performances against sweeping views overlooking the Atlantic. Signal Hill was the site of St. John’s harbour defences from the 17th century to the Second World War and where Guglielmo Marconi received the world’s first transatlantic wireless signal in 1901.

Sir George-Étienne Cartier National Historic Site

Old Montréal is full of unexpected treasures. Give in to your curiosity and open the door of the home of Sir George-Étienne Cartier on Notre-Dame street. Get acquainted with one of the main architects of Confederation, both a lawyer and businessman of great influence. As well, discover the new interactive exhibition which allows you to share your ideas of what makes a country.

Sir John Johnson House National Historic Site

Sir John Johnson, a loyalist who moved North to Montreal following the American Revolution, left behind a considerable estate in Mohawk valley to fund and lead the King’s Regiment of New York. In 1784 he was instrumental in resettling many loyalists in what is now Ontario. Johnson himself built a home and mills on the banks of Raisin river between 1784 and 1792. The home remains one of the oldest in Ontario.

Sir Wilfrid Laurier National Historic Site

How did people live in the 19th century? Discover the life and work of former Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier while visiting the typical Quebec home of his youth. A charming collection of artifacts and old furnishings will help you better understand the lifestyle of residents of yesteryear.

Sirmilik National Park

Amid an expansive landscape of glaciers, valleys and red-rock hoodoo spires, nesting seabirds crowd sheer sea cliffs rising from iceberg-dotted waters. Paddle among seals and floating ice, listening for the breaths of narwhal and beluga whales. Ski across glaciers. Hike where snowy owls hunt. Travel by snowmobile to the floe edge on the lookout for polar bears, ringed seals and walruses. Stop in at Inuit, Thule and European cultural sites. Visiting Sirmilik is the ultimate Arctic adventure under the Midnight Sun.

Skmaqn–Port-la-Joye–Fort Amherst National Historic Site

Originally established by the French in 1720, Skmaqn–Port-la-Joye–Fort Amherst commemorates the first permanent European settlement on Île Saint-Jean (today Prince Edward Island). After falling to British forces in 1758 it became the site of a major deportation of French and Acadian settlers. A Grand Alliance was forged here between the Mi'kmaq and French - one of only two locations in North America where this was celebrated annually with speeches, gifting and feasting. The fort’s grassy ruins are still visible, and interpretive panels explore its rich history. The grounds also offer superb views of the surrounding countryside and Charlottetown Harbour.

Skoki Ski Lodge National Historic Site

Skoki Ski Lodge has been welcoming skiers and hikers to the idyllic Skoki Valley for nearly a century. Built as a backcountry ski lodge in the 1930s, it is both a beautiful example of the rustic building tradition and a living link with the earliest days of ski tourism in Canada. The lodge and its cabins and outbuildings are located along the banks of Little Pipestone Creek, more than 10 kilometres from the nearest road. Today it is a popular overnight retreat for hikers and skiers offering legendary backcountry hospitality, comfort and conviviality.

Southwold Earthworks National Historic Site

Walk where Canada’s earliest inhabitants did and imagine the Attiwandaron longhouses and palisade walls that once stood proudly at Southwold Earthworks National Historic Site. Close your eyes and imagine a rare fortified village of 800-900 Attiwandaron, also known as the Neutral Iroquois, who inhabited Southwold from 1500 to 1650 AD.

St. Andrew's Rectory National Historic Site

The Rectory’s distinctive Red River architecture hints at the role that the Church Missionary Society and the Church of England played in the lives of the Red River settlers in the 19th century. See the soaring spire of the Gothic Revival-style St. Andrew’s church across the road. Imagine the day to day lives of the Reverend and his Red River settler parishioners in the 1800s.

St. Andrews Blockhouse National Historic Site

Step back to a time when southern friends became feared enemies, and clashes between the US and Great Britain penetrated borders during the War of 1812. Located on New Brunswick’s southern shore. St. Andrews Blockhouse was built by townspeople to protect them against American privateers and military.

St. Peters Canal National Historic Site

Built on an isthmus, the 800-metre St. Peters Canal joins the Atlantic Ocean to the sparkling Bras d’Or Lake, meandering along Battery Park, popular for boating, fishing, and picnicking.

As the pride of St. Peter’s village, trace the canal’s history back to a fortified 17th century trading post built by French merchants, to its remarkable 15-year construction and evolution as a contemporary waterway, opening up Cape Breton Island development.

St. Peters National Historic Site

St. Peters National Historic Site is an extensive site containing archaeological evidence of 17th- and 18th- century Mi’kmaq and Acadian communities. It is situated on the southeastern shore of Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, on the isthmus located between the shores of St. Peters Bay on the Atlantic coastline, and Bras d’Or Lake. The designated place extends along what was the Atlantic coastline in the 17th century, and crosses the isthmus within the boundaries of St. Peters Canal National Historic Site.
St. Peters Canal National Historic Site

Stanley Park National Historic Site

Outstanding large urban park, 1890s
Vancouver, British Columbia

Sulphur Mountain Cosmic Ray Station National Historic Site

A cosmic ray station was built on Sulphur Mountain as part of the International Geophysical Year in 1957-1958 and Canadian scientists made important contributions to the research. Geophysicists studied cosmic rays and space particles entering the atmosphere from the station perched above the town of Banff, until 1978. Today, all that remains is the building's concrete foundation and a bronze plaque to commemorates the station's national historic significance.

Terra Nova National Park

Escape. Explore. Experience… The wonder and drama of Canada’s most Easterly National Park, Terra Nova. It’s a magical place where the land and sea compete for your attention, where the island boreal forest reveals its natural and cultural secrets as you hike a trail and where you can experience an evening of theatre under the stars. This place is ready for your next adventure-make it your own!

The Forks National Historic Site

Delve 6,000 years into the past at Winnipeg’s “Meeting Place” while soaking up the bustling ambience. Learn how two great rivers at the heart of the continent connected the prairies to the world and drew in trappers and traders from lands far away. Discover how a way of life changed for the Indigenous peoples who traded, socialized, camped and fished here for generations. Trace the tracks of the railroad as it forged a path that changed the world once again.

The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site

Step into the vibrant fur trade era in the heart of Old Lachine. Pass through the doors of the 1803 stone warehouse and relive a vibrant page of history through the lives of voyageurs, the bourgeois and the Amerindians. Imagine bales of pelts, stacked crates of goods and barrels of provisions. In the air there is the distinct smell of beaver pelts - the most coveted of the furs brought out of the wilderness.

Thousand Islands National Park

Journey to the picturesque granite islands and windswept pine trees of Thousand Islands National Park. Explore secluded bays by kayak or powerboat. Enjoy a day by the river or overnight in waterfront oTENTik accommodations at the park’s mainland visitor centre. Discover rare species of turtles and birdlife alongside undulating hiking trails. Experience the magic of this captivating and historic wilderness, just a few hours from Toronto or Montreal.

Torngat Mountains National Park

A saw-tooth skyline of jagged peaks and glacier-carved fjords plunges towards iceberg-dotted indigo waters as polar bears and caribou roam amid some of Earth’s oldest rocks. The subarctic Torngat Mountains are an Inuit homeland, a treasury of the powerful stories, spirits and traditions of centuries of travellers. Inuit welcome visitors to join them in following ancient footsteps through a dramatic landscape - where nature and culture connect.

Trent-Severn Waterway National Historic Site

Seasonal lockage permit for canoe and kayak - special

Lockage permit

Launch your own adventure along Canada's original highways. The lockage permit is valid for the entire navigation season and provides passage through Parks Canada’s historic canals.

Get your lockage permits here.

Salute human ingenuity navigating the heritage canals and locks along the 386 km Trent-Severn Waterway, connecting the playgrounds of Lake Ontario and Lake Huron. Cruise Canada’s renowned inland passageway through historic lockstations. Travel into cottage country by water or by car and watch the Big Chute Marine Railway in action. Stare up at the towering Peterborough Lift Lock and learn about its history at the Visitor Centre. Explore lumber towns, farm villages and the spectacular pre-Cambrian landscape of the Canadian Shield.

Tuktut Nogait National Park

The landscape and wildlife of the 18,890 sq km national park is seen by those privileged few willing to travel 170 kilometres north of the Arctic Circle. The landscape features rolling hills, three major rivers, steep canyons, waterfalls, rare Bluenose west caribou and the continent’s fiercest predators.

Twin Falls Tea House National Historic Site

When train whistles first blew through the Rocky Mountains in the early 1900s, the Canadian Pacific Railway built grand hotels, rustic lodges and backcountry chalets amid some of Canada’s most spectacular natural landscapes. Today, Twin Falls Tea House is a seasonal overnight retreat for registered guests. Stop at the historic log building while day-hiking to enjoy its rustic architecture and breathtaking views of the dual cascades of Twin Falls.

Ukkusiksalik National Park

Polar bears, grizzlies, Arctic wolves and caribou - Ukkusiksalik’s rolling ochre hills and lush tundra thrive with wildlife, and are dotted with archeological reminders of human cultures passing for millennia through this remote wilderness. Paddle or boat an inland sea amid beluga whales and seals. Snowmobile across the frozen sea. Hike through wildflowers and in the company of stone inuksuk beneath the glow of the Midnight Sun.

Vuntut National Park

Remote and unspoiled Arctic wilderness, a First Nation’s history dating back millennia and the setting for one of the planet’s great animal migrations await the few who make the trek to Vuntut National Park.

Wapusk National Park

Let this expansive wilderness fill you with awe as you visit the remote subarctic that is Wapusk National Park. This 11,475 square kilometre park, at the transition between boreal forest and arctic tundra, protects one of the largest polar bear maternity denning areas in the world. Wapusk is located within the range of the Western Hudson Bay population of polar bears, which numbers approximately 1000 bears. Nature lovers watch for arctic foxes, arctic hares, wolves, caribou and wolverine as well as more than 200 bird species. Access to Wapusk is via authorized commercial tour operators in Churchill.

Waterton Lakes National Park

The prairies of Alberta meet the peaks of the Rocky Mountains in Waterton Lakes National Park. This beautiful landscape was impacted by a wildfire in September 2017, resulting in areas of the park being closed to the public. We appreciate the public’s support and understanding as Parks Canada works to make Waterton Lakes National Park safe for future visits.

Wolfe's Landing National Historic Site

Successful landing led to capture of Louisbourg, 1758
Kennington Cove, Nova Scotia
Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site

Wood Buffalo National Park

As part of Canada's system of national parks and national historic sites, Wood Buffalo National Park of Canada is our country's largest national park and one of the largest in the world. It was established in 1922 to protect the last remaining herds of bison in northern Canada. Today, it protects an outstanding and representative example of Canada's Northern Boreal Plains.

Woodside National Historic Site

Explore Canada’s history at Woodside National Historic Site in Kitchener, Ontario, the boyhood home of William Lyon Mackenzie King, Canada's tenth, and longest-serving Prime Minister. This lovingly preserved Victorian home, filled with King family heirlooms and period reproductions, and set on 11.5 acres of mature forest, is a portal to the Victorian era in Canada.

Wrecks of HMS Erebus and HMS Terror National Historic Site

In 1845, explorer Sir John Franklin set sail from England with two ships, HMS Erebus and HMS Terror, in search of a Northwest Passage across what is now Canada's Arctic. The ships and crews vanished, prompting a massive search that continues to this day.

In September 2014, an expedition led by Parks Canada discovered the wreck of HMS Erebus. Two years later the wreck of HMS Terror was located. Historical research, Inuit knowledge and the support of many partners made these discoveries possible. Public access to the Wrecks of HMS Erebus and HMS Terror National Historic Site of Canada  is not allowed without a permit from Parks Canada. See Superintendent's Order for details.

Research on the wrecks is ongoing and can be followed here.



Yellowhead Pass National Historic Site

Today the Yellowhead Pass is a valley corridor containing a highway and railway beside crystal clear rivers, through dense forests under rugged peaks links Jasper town site and the provincial border of British Columbia. In the past the low elevation made for easy movement for Indigenous people, fur trappers, railways and explorers. The name Yellowhead is the nickname of a fair-haired Metis-Iroquois-freeman named Bostonais, active here in the early 1800s.

Yoho National Park

Named for a Cree expression of awe and wonder, Yoho lies on the western slopes of the Canadian Rocky Mountains. Vertical rock walls, waterfalls and dizzying peaks draw visitors from around the world. With exceptional hiking and sightseeing, the park offers a unique glimpse of Canada’s natural wonders, from the secrets of ancient ocean life to the power of ice and water.

York Factory National Historic Site

Journey to York Factory, a huge fur trade era depot set in the remote Hudson Bay wilderness. This isolated post was a vital fur trade hub for more than 250 years and was the gateway to the vast interior for British trade goods, Hudson’s Bay Company employees, settlers and soldiers. Let York Factory’s pristine setting and untouched spirit transport you back in time.

York Redoubt National Historic Site

High on a bluff overlooking the entrance to Halifax Harbour sits a fortification that has helped protect this historic port throughout three centuries of Canadian history.

Part of Halifax’s formidable Defense Complex, York Redoubt was constructed in 1793 just as war broke out between Britain and France. Perched on a bluff at the narrowest point of the outer harbour, it offers superb views. Bring your camera and zest for adventure. Learn more

kitjigattalik - Ramah Chert Quarries National Historic Site

Site actively quarried from 5,000 to 600 years ago for Ramah chert, a visually distinctive and important stone type used by several ancient cultures of the northeast in the manufacture of tools and other objects.
Torngat Mountain National Park, Newfoundland and Labrador