Home to more than 1,700 species of plants and animals, Rouge National Urban Park’s amazing biodiversity is a result of the park's location and its many variations in topography, microclimates, soil type and land use. Many types of habitat are found within the park, including forests, thickets, meadows, wetlands, rivers, marshes and agricultural fields. The park lies at the northern edge of the Carolinian Life Zone, a type of forest ecosystem that supports a rich diversity of life, including many rare and endangered species.