What is a management plan?

A management plan is a strategic guide required by legislation and approved by the Minister. It is the primary accountability document for national parks and historic sites administered by Parks Canada and looks forward 10 to 15 years.

A management plan

  • is strategic in nature, based on a long-term vision,
  • ensures transparency,
  • guides management decisions and actions at a Parks Canada place,
  • serves as a key public accountability document for that place, and
  • is developed through extensive consultation and input from various people and organizations, including Indigenous Peoples, community members, visitors and the public.

Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site Management Plan 2021

Coming soon... the Management Plan 2021 for Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site, including Kejimkujik Seaside, will be posted once tabled in Parliament.

Public engagement

Parks Canada sought public input to create a new Management Plan for Kejimkujik. Let’s Talk Kejimkujik! was the platform for a nation-wide consultation process, inviting partners, stakeholders and the public to provide input on the draft management plan for Kejimkujik. There was also a formal consultation process with the Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia at the same time.


Animated title sequence: b-roll shots of Keji

Ursla Johnson

Clifford Paul

Jonathan Sheppard

Keji b-roll begins

" We acknowledge that we are in the unceded traditional territory of the Mi’kmaw people " "and that this land is covered by the Historic Treaties of Peace and Friendship. " "This land is the keeper of stories and memories.

" "

It is for this important reason that Kejimkujik Inland is not only a national park with a hotbed of bio-diversity " and a gentle wilderness escape for visitors, "but it is also a national historic site in its entirety, the only one in Canada, " because it tells this human story of the Mi’kmaq.

We see Clifford Paul speak

"cause all our families have come from this area, from this district.

" "And to me,I feel at home, I feel alive, " "and I feel that Kejimkujik has been a part of me long before I was born." "Part of that storytelling is to have the Mi’kmaq take meaningful roles " into the management of this ecosystem, this park. "We have a strong and positive relationship between the Mi’kmaq " and the officials of this park and the staff at this park. "We are able to bring in elders and community members to advise at the advisory level, " "at the consultation level, and at a meaningful discussion level." "Parks Canada and the Mi’kmaq will work together on the management plan through a two-eyed seeing lens." "Two-eyed seeing to me is the blend of traditional knowledge and modern western scientific knowledge." "My traditional eye, my modern western scientific eye." " I take both of those knowledges, and what I do, is I weave them together. " "And in my case: the management plan for parks, management plan for moose, " "and in my way of expressing myself in the natural world."

We see Ursula Johnson speaking

"Let’s Talk Kejimkujik.ca is a public engagement opportunity for everyone " "the Mi’kmaq, partners, stakeholders, and the public

" "What is YOUR vision for Kejimkujik " "as a camper who loves to explore? As a hiker, biker, or paddler? " "As a neighbour in our community? As a beach enthusiast" "who loves to explore the Atlantic coast?

" As a Mi’kmaw person, as a cultural explorer, as a history buff, "or as a canoer, canoeing on these traditional Mi’kmaw routes.

" We're listening. "Register today at Let’s Talk Kejimkujik.ca and complete the survey." We're listening.

What did Parks Canada consult on?

Kejimkujik’s last management plan was developed in 2010 (see below). Input gathered during the first phase of public engagement helped shape an overall vision and defined the guiding approach, objectives, and targets that informed the draft management plan. This draft was available for review during the second phase of public engagement, which ended in August, 2021. Parks Canada is now finalizing the management plan that will be approved and tabled in Parliament.

Canoeing on Kejimkujik Lake
Canoeing on Kejimkujik Lake
© Parks Canada / D. Wilson

Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site Management Plan 2010

This plan is currently only available in PDF format. Should you require an alternate format or a hard copy please contact us by e-mailing:

Executive summary

This management plan for Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site of Canada provides strategic direction for Parks Canada's three mutually supportive mandate areas: the protection of ecological and cultural resources, the facilitation of meaningful visitor experiences, and the delivery of public education and awareness programs. The plan was developed with partner, stakeholder, and visitor involvement and applies to all elements of Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site of Canada and the coastal portion of the park, Kejimkujik National Park of Canada – Seaside.1 The plan includes a 15-year vision, provides Parks Canada staff with a framework for decision making, and will be the primary accountability document for Kejimkujik over the next five years. Kejimkujik was acquired from the province in 1967 and was formally established as a national park in 1974 to protect a representative example of the Atlantic Coastal Uplands Natural Region for Canadians to discover and enjoy. Kejimkujik Seaside was acquired from the province in 1985 and was designated as part of Kejimkujik National Park in 1988 to provide protection for the unique coastal attributes of the region. In 1995, the inland portion of Kejimkujik was designated as a national historic site because it is a significant Mi'kmaw cultural landscape that attests to Mi'kmaw occupancy of the area since time immemorial.

Kejimkujik is unique – it is the only national park where a majority of the landscape has received a designation as a national historic site. This management plan considers and respects the ecological values associated with the national park and the cultural and historical values associated with the national historic site. The ongoing strategic and operational management of Kejimkujik will be based on this principle of consideration and respect.

This management plan reflects Parks Canada's approach to integrated planning and management by treating each mandate area – protection, visitor experience, and education – as mutually supportive. Integration means looking at issues holistically: that is, planning for visitor experience entails also planning for protection; making decisions about protection means also considering actions for visitor experience and public appreciation and understanding and vice versa.

Strategic goals and priority actions that will be undertaken during the life of this management plan include:

Collaboration and shared leadership

Kejimkujik's strong relationships with the Mi'kmaq, visitors, partners, and stakeholders enhance Parks Canada's resource protection, visitor experience, and education mandate.

Collaboration and shared leadership is a priority for Kejimkujik, particularly working to strengthen existing collaborative relationships with the Mi'kmaq of Nova Scotia. Key actions to achieve this goal will include undertaking projects of mutual interest, working with representatives of the Mi'kmaw communities to establish a Mi'kmaq Advisory Committee and to identify opportunities for Mi'kmaw involvement in other advisory committees, identifying and carrying out Mi'kmaw Ecological Knowledge studies, finding a mutually acceptable solution for the application of admission fees to Kejimkujik for the Mi'kmaq of Nova Scotia, and increasing efforts to involve Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal youth in park management and activities.

Parks Canada is also committed to furthering the engagement and involvement of visitors, partners, and stakeholders in the implementation of the vision and strategic direction outlined in this plan. Key actions that will contribute to this goal are establishing a Kejimkujik advisory board with broad partner, stakeholder, and visitor representation, exploring cooperative association options for Kejimkujik Seaside, supporting and contributing to regional partnerships in the Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve, including working with the Southwest Nova Biosphere Association and the Mersey Tobeatic Research Institute, strengthening collaborative efforts with tourism partners at the provincial and regional level, and increasing efforts to collaborate with others who share similar protection, education, and experience mandates, such as the Friends of Keji Cooperating Association.

Maintaining ecological integrity

The native biodiversity and processes of Kejimkujik's forest, wetland, freshwater, and coastal ecosystems are maintained and/or restored with the involvement of the Mi'kmaq, local communities, visitors, youth, and stakeholders. Stressors to ecosystems are minimized and/or mitigated.

Key actions that will help maintain Kejimkujik's ecological integrity include increasing opportunities for the Mi'kmaq, local communities, academia, governmental and non-governmental partners, visitors, and youth to be involved in Kejimkujik's ecosystem science and management program, implementing a comprehensive ecological monitoring program, working with species at risk recovery teams to develop and implement recovery plans, completing and implementing fish and fire management plans, developing a vegetation restoration plan for Jeremy's Bay Campground, and conducting research, monitoring, and active management on invasive species, including European green crab and glossy buckthorn, to control population levels and restore affected species and habitats.

Commemorative integrity and cultural resource protection

The cultural resources that attest to Kejimkujik's rich history are not impaired or under threat and their values are respected, understood, celebrated, and communicated.

Key actions that will help to achieve Kejimkujik's commemorative integrity and cultural resource protection goal include completing cultural resource inventories and evaluations at Kejimkujik inland and Kejimkujik Seaside, completing a Commemorative Integrity Evaluation for the national historic site, working with the Mi'kmaq and other partners to complete a comprehensive cultural resource management plan, conducting research in identified priority areas, and exploring options for presenting archaeological and historical objects related to Kejimkujik.

Visitor experience

Visitors have multiple opportunities to enjoy and discover Kejimkujik's diverse natural systems and rich cultural landscape. Through meaningful experiences, visitors develop a sense of connection to Kejimkujik.

Parks Canada is developing a visitor experience program to guide investment decisions in interpretation, visitor facilities, and visitor services. Key actions that will help Parks Canada facilitate meaningful visitor experiences include conducting research to better understand the motivations, needs, and preferences of existing and potential visitors, conducting research to evaluate the state of visitor experience and to assess the results of management decisions, preparing a visitor experience plan to guide the redevelopment of Jeremy's Bay Campground, working with the Mi'kmaq to complete an interpretation plan for the Mi'kmaw cultural landscape, assessing and improving recreational opportunities, enhancing personal interpretation at Kejimkujik Seaside, facilitating backcountry linkages to the Tobeatic Wilderness Area and the Shelburne River, and increasing promotional and pre-trip planning efforts with partners to position Kejimkujik inland and Kejimkujik Seaside as “must see” destinations.

Public outreach education

Public outreach education programs enhance opportunities for Canadians to enjoy, discover, and learn about Kejimkujik's diverse natural systems and rich cultural landscape at home, at leisure, at school, and in their communities. These programs encourage natural and cultural heritage stewardship, relate to individuals' personal lives, and provide an opportunity to create a sense of connection to Kejimkujik.

Key actions that will contribute to Kejimkujik's public outreach education goals include conducting social science research to confirm target outreach audiences, continuing to create and deliver learning opportunities for local and Mi'kmaw youth in collaboration with educational partners, refreshing and consistently updating the Web site to inspire discovery of Kejimkujik, increasing the profile of Kejimkujik, and developing a strategy to reach out to urban audiences, particularly youth and new Canadians.

Administration and operations

Kejimkujik operates in an efficient, fiscally responsible, and environmentally sound manner in order to achieve Parks Canada program objectives.

Key actions to help meet this goal include removing decommissioned infrastructure at Grafton Lake and Canning Field, reviewing the operational use of the Fire Tower road and reducing vehicular traffic where possible, exploring options for a new administration building and seasonal staff accommodations, and implementing the environmental management system plan.

Zoning and declared wilderness areas

This management plan includes zoning plans and proposed declared wilderness areas for Kejimkujik inland and Kejimkujik Seaside. Both of these tools will help support management objectives by ensuring that rare and / or sensitive ecological and cultural resources have strong protection. Zoning is an integrated approach by which land and water areas are classified according to ecosystem and cultural resource protection requirements and their capability to provide opportunities for visitor experiences. The proposed declared wilderness areas will provide an additional degree of regulatory protection for large portions of Kejimkujik inland and Kejimkujik Seaside. Parks Canada will initiate the process to declare these wilderness areas following the tabling of this management plan in Parliament.