Kouchibouguac protects a variety of cultural resources reflecting the long, rich history of use and occupation by the Mi’gmaq, as well as Acadian, Scottish, Irish, and English settlers whose legacy has shaped this land. Moreover, the park is committed to honouring and commemorating the history of the people whose homes were expropriated at the time of park creation.

The Mi'gmaq and Kouchibouguac
A Mi'gmaq elder between two wigwam

Prior to park creation in 1969, the area that is now Kouchibouguac National Park had a long and rich history. The Mi’gmaq have centuries-old spiritual and cultural connections with Kouchibouguac. The name Kouchibouguac is of Mi’gmaq origin and means “river of the long tides.”

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European settlers and former park residents
Two former resident with their horses

While French explorers visited and settled parts of New Brunswick beginning in the early 1600s, permanent European settlement in the area, that would become Kouchibouguac National Park, began only in the late 1700s.

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Ventura bomber crash
A Ventura airplane

On February 8, 1943, Lockheed Ventura II (AJ211) attached with No. 34 Operational Training Unit (OTU) Pennfield Ridge, temporarily based in Yarmouth took flight at 5:55 on a pre-dawn cross country and bombing training exercise.

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