Tides in Fundy National Park

One of the most important draws for visitors to the region and to Fundy National Park is to experience the tides and the tidal flats of the Bay of Fundy. The effects of the tides on the shoreline and the local weather are easily seen and experienced from the park.

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The marine coastal system

The intertidal zone-the part of the beach that lays between high and low tide-is brimming with life. The plants and animals here have to be hardy. They live in salt water at high tide. At low tide they live in the fresh water of rain or runoff, or they get completely dried out and baked in the sun. Temperatures can rise to over 30 degrees Celsius in the summer, or drop to minus 25 degrees Celsius in winter. Waves crash upon them, battering them and covering them with silt. Winter ice-cakes crush them. Yet life thrives here. In fact, an organism's tolerance to exposure dictates where species live in the intertidal zone.

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The Caledonia highlands plateau

The Caledonia Highlands quickly rise 300 metres from the nearby coast. Fundy National Park is in the transition zone between the strictly coniferous boreal forest to the north and deciduous-dominated forest to the south.

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Geology

Covered by the soil and the forests or guarded by inaccessible, tide-washed cliffs, the geology of Fundy National Park is a well-kept secret. There are ways, however, to touch this ancient heart of Fundy. Exploring the beaches of the Bay of Fundy, hiking along the deep river valleys and even travelling over the Caledonia Highlands, you can piece together the story which is as rich and varied as that of the Earth itself.

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