During the Palliser Expedition's explorations, expedition forerunner, James Hector, was kicked in the chest by a horse and stunned. He later named the nearby mountain pass Kicking Horse Pass. Later, the Canadian Pacific Railway, whose transcontinental route travelled through the pass, built a luxury hotel and restaurant at the base of Mount Stephen to avoid pushing heavy dining cars up the mountain. This laid the groundwork for creating Mount Stephen reserve, renamed in 1901 as Yoho National Park.