Nature and science
Originally established in 1906 to protect what was considered at the time to be one of Canada’s few remaining herds of elk, Elk Island National Park represents a portion of the Southern Boreal Plains and Plateaux Natural Region.
Wildlife on the landscape also defines Elk Island National Park in many ways. As a park that actively manages plains and wood bison, elk and moose, it is the only national park in Canada that is completely fenced. In addition, more than 42 species of mammals, 250 species of birds, five species of amphibians, one reptile species and two species of fish live in Elk Island National Park’s diverse landscape of forests, lakes, wetlands and grasslands.
Parks Canada is dedicated to maintaining the ecological integrity of Elk Island National Park and sharing this significant example of Canada’s natural heritage with all Canadians.
Come discover this natural environment for yourself – you’ll see why it was so critical to protect it and why this territory warranted being designated a national park.
Discover unique features
Human activities conducted on the territory prior to the creation of the park have had a deep impact on the status of its ecosystems.