There are 4 amphibians and 1 reptile found in the national park. The Spotted Frog is the least common frog in Alberta and is at is eastern edge of its range in Banff National Park. Pollution, habitat disturbance, and run-off containing road salts may affect these frogs. The Long-toed Salamander is one of only two salamander species in Alberta!


Long-toed Salamander (Ambystoma macrodactylum)

Boreal Toad (Bufo boreas boreas)

Columbia Spotted Frog (Rana luteiventris)

Wood Frog (Rana sylvatica)

Lizard Lake now called Pilot Pond

Many times in the past humans have interfered with natural systems without understanding or considering the possible consequences. One example is the case of Pilot Pond, a small kettle pond located off the Bow Valley Parkway. It used to be known by locals as Lizard Lake because of the large number of Long-toed Salamanders that lived there.

The population of salamanders was nearly eliminated by stocking Rainbow and Brook Trout into Pilot Pond between 1926 and 1974 as trout eat salamander larvae. The population in Pilot Pond is beginning to recover since the cessation of stocking.


Western Terrestrial Garter Snake (Thamnophis elegans)