Forest health is one of three indicators and has five measures. We monitor each of these measures every year so that we have a clear picture of whether or not we are successfully maintaining and restoring the park. This helps us to plan for and make decisions that will keep the park intact for the present and for the future.

1) Fire

We measure fire and its impact on the landscape. This helps us to understand and explain changes that we record in the rest of our monitoring program.

Fire and vegetation management in the Mountain National Parks

2) Song birds

We can learn a lot about the overall health of our forests from songbirds.

Bird song

We capture bird song to find out what species and how many of each we have.

Increases or decreases in population helps us to measure response to stressors such as habitat loss, fragmentation, challenging weather events and climate change.

3) Wildlife tracking

We track animals in the same sample areas every year. This tells us how many animals are around and what species they are.

4) Wildlife occupancy

Once or twice a year we do large surveys to find out which species are present on the landscape and which are absent. This tells us a lot about the relationship between different species.

Wildlife Cameras

We use remote cameras to see what animals are out there!

Wildlife cameras help us to get to know our bears better. Distinctive markings and ear tags help us to identify individual bears. When we are able to identify and recognize different bears, we are able to identify patterns in their behavior. This helps us to make better management decisions for each bear.

5) Non-native vegetation

Introduced species are a huge threat to biodiversity. They crowd out the plants that are already in the park and change the ecosystem. We monitor and manage these species in order to minimize their negative affect on our parks.

Non-native Plants: Rooting Out the Invaders


Forest monitoring:

Whitebark Pine
Identifying wildlife tracks
Wildlife cameras