2019: International Year of the Salmon
Salmon and people in a changing world
Throughout 2019, the Government of Canada is participating in International Year of the Salmon events and continuing important work to protect salmon populations.
Salmon can live in both fresh and salt water.
Some salmon grow over 100 times their weight in only one year!
Parks Canada is taking care of salmon from coast to coast to coast
Habitat loss and degradation threaten the health of many salmon populations in Canada. Parks Canada is working with partners to ensure that streams full of salmon will flow again for future generations.
Find out what Parks Canada is doing to help salmon and fish in the salmon family.
Dolly Varden Monitoring, Ivvavik National Park
Team members in Ivvavik National Park are working with partners to study Dolly Varden during fall spawning.
Dolly Varden are captured using a large net. Each fish has its length, sex, maturity, and injuries from predators recorded before being tagged and released.
This data is used to understand population composition, spawning habitat, genetics, fidelity to river systems, and invasive species.
The Dolly Varden is a member of both the salmon family and the trout family. The Western Arctic subspecies (S. malma malma) is listed as “Special Concern” under the federal Species at Risk Act.
Salmon stream restoration, Pacific Rim National Park Reserve
Together with the Central Westcoast Forest Society and local Indigenous peoples, team members repaired salmon habitat affected by old logging practices.
The team removed wood, sediment and undesirable vegetation that was blocking salmon from swimming upstream in the Kennedy Flats Watershed.
Trees and vegetation were planted to help stabilize the shoreline and regulate water temperatures.
Creating a fish-friendly environment, Pacific Rim National Park Reserve
At Sandhill Creek, an old culvert under Wick Road was a barrier for many salmon trying to reach spawning grounds and nursery habitat.
Parks Canada replaced the culvert with a bridge and created a fish-friendly environment under and around it.
This project is one of the most ecologically effective salmon habitat restoration projects in the history of the national park reserve.
A twenty-nine-year high in salmon returns, Fundy National Park
Parks Canada has invested in inner Bay of Fundy Atlantic salmon conservation through the Conservation and Restoration program.
This genetically distinct population of salmon was listed as endangered under Canada’s Species at Risk Act in 2003, since the population had plummeted from 40,000 to only 200.
Following its listing, Parks Canada teamed up with Fisheries and Oceans Canada and Fort Folly First Nation, to preserve the unique genetics of the population using a Live Gene Bank program.
How you can help support salmon
- Find a volunteer or citizen science opportunity near you.
- Get informed by learning more about protecting salmon and salmon habitat.
- Spread the word about International Year of the Salmon
- Buy something from the “Protecting Wildlife” collection from the Parks Canada Shop (a portion of the proceeds supports species at risk).
- Swim with the salmon at Fundy National Park.
Learn more about the International Year of the Salmon
The International Year of the Salmon is a five-year outreach and research initiative launched by North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission (NPAFC), the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization (NASCO) and other partners.
Canada is one of five supporting countries, and Fisheries and Oceans Canada is taking the lead on the project to protect wild salmon for future generations.