Fort Wellington restoration projects
Giving our past a future!
Fort Wellington's structure dates back to the War of 1812 when earthworks and a single storey block house were built. The fort as it stands now was constructed in 1838 in response to the Upper Canada rebellion.
Throughout the fort’s history, the distinctive wooden defences that surround the fort structures themselves have had periods of decline and renewal. Today, Parks Canada is undertaking a renewal of these wooden elements, having tasked its engineering team to look at new and innovative ways to repair and replace these wood elements to solve three problems concurrently:
- Rot - wooden building elements rot quickly especially where the wood meets the earth, as it remains moist but is exposed to oxygen
- Replacement - The failure of a single wooden element can have a significant impact on the surrounding elements, but cannot be easily replaced
- Resources - in 1838 with a garrison of troops at Fort Wellington there was ample manpower around the site to take on these regular repair tasks, modern day Fort Wellington does not have a complete garrison on hand to maintain the fort
By using modern construction materials and techniques Parks Canada plans to make wood elements more easily interchangeable, allowing for quick repair of individual elements as they deteriorate. The design will also separate the wood from the soil and make sure that the fortifications are constructed in a way that is true to the historic appearance of the fort, does not damage any underground cultural resources, and is economically viable for generations to come.
The construction work is scheduled to start this off-season and take place over the next two years to restore the earthworks while minimising disruptions during the operational seasons.
Engineer's concept rendering of new work at Fort Wellington: