The province of Nova Scotia owes its name, flag, and coat of arms to the early Scottish settlement at Charles Fort (1629-1632). The remains of Charles Fort lie beneath Fort Anne.

Indigenous culture

Charles Fort is located in Mi'kmaki, the traditional lands of the Mi'kmaq.


A group of about 70 Scottish settlers began a colony at Charles Fort from 1629 to 1632.


Archaeological excavations during the summers of 1989 to 1992 unearthed artifacts likely associated with Charles Fort, including a royal bale seal and Rhenish stoneware sherds. 

  • Excavations
  • Artifacts