During the mid-16th century, large numbers of right and bowhead whales drew whalers from the Basque region of Spain and France to the Strait of Belle Isle, where they established a major whaling port at Red Bay. For some 70 years, Basque whalers made the dangerous, month-long journey across the Atlantic to hunt whales and produce the oil that lit the lamps of Europe.
See original Basque artifacts, remains, and restored chalupa at this national historic site and World Heritage Site.
Featured things to do
Hours of operation
June 4 to October 4
Every day, from 9 am to 5 pm
Free admission for youth in 2018. Other fees still apply.
Detailed fees list
Gros Morne National Park
Cruise sheer-walled fjords and hike diverse landscapes from windswept shorelines to sub-Arctic summits. Explore rare geological oddities that earned Gros Morne UNESCO World Heritage status, and relax amid the culture of Newfoundland’s coastal communities.
Hopedale Mission National Historic Site
A complex of large, wooden buildings constructed by the Moravian Church at Hopedale, Labrador stand starkly silhouetted against the rocky shoreline of the vast, barren landscape. Official recognition refers to the cultural landscape comprised of the mission buildings on their shoreline site.
L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site
Tour the only known Viking site and the earliest known evidence of European presence in North America. Experience Norse life and see original 11th century artifacts at this UNESCO World heritage site.
Port au Choix National Historic Site
See prehistoric artifacts from four ancient Aboriginal cultures that inhabited Newfoundland’s rugged northwest coast. Visit an ancient burial ground, hike coastal trails and see prehistoric artifacts including slate spears, harpoon tips and ivory daggers.
Torngat Mountains National Park
Amid jagged peaks and vast glacial valleys, polar bears and caribou roam the Torngat Mountains, for centuries the homeland of Inuit who today now welcome visitors to experience a dramatic landscape where nature and culture meet.