The fort of Beauséjour played a crucial role in the rivalry between France and Britain in North America. It was in 1755 at this strategic spot on the Isthmus of Chignecto that the tragic events of the Deportation began to unfold.

Renamed Fort Cumberland after its capture in 1755, it protected British interests on the Isthmus of Chignecto until the early 1800s. It was here in 1776 that the British defenders of the fort repulsed an attack in the early stages of the American Revolution.