Ecological integrity indicators

Province/Territory National park or national urban park Forest Freshwater Wetlands Grasslands Shrublands Tundra Coastal/Marine Glaciers
Newfoundland and Labrador Gros Morne Fair, Improving Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Improving Not applicable Not applicable
Newfoundland and Labrador Terra Nova Fair, Declining Good, Stable/No Change Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable
Newfoundland and Labrador Torngat Mountains Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable
Newfoundland and Labrador Akami-Uapishkᵁ-KakKasuak-Mealy Mountains Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available
Prince Edward Island Prince Edward Island Poor, Stable/No Change Fair, Declining Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Improving Not applicable
Nova Scotia Cape Breton Highlands Poor, Stable/No Change Good, Stable/No Change Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Nova Scotia Kejimkujik Good, Stable/No Change Fair, Declining Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Fair, Improving Not applicable
Nova Scotia Sable Island (Reserve) Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable
New Brunswick Fundy Good, Improving Good, Stable/No Change Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
New Brunswick Kouchibouguac Good, Stable/No Change Good, Declining Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable
Quebec Forillon Poor, Stable/No Change Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Improving Not applicable
Quebec La Mauricie Fair, Declining Fair, Stable/No Change Poor, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Quebec Mingan Archipelago (Reserve) Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Fair, Stable/No Change Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable
Ontario Bruce Peninsula Good, Improving Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Fair, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Ontario Georgian Bay Islands Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Fair, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Fair, Declining Not applicable
Ontario Point Pelee Poor, Declining Not applicable Good, Improving Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Fair, Stable/No Change Not applicable
Ontario Pukaskwa Good, Stable/No Change Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Fair, Declining Not applicable
Ontario Rouge Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available
Ontario Thousand Islands Good, Stable/No Change Fair, Stable/No Change Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Manitoba Riding Mountain Poor, Stable/No Change Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Poor, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Manitoba Wapusk Not applicable Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable
Saskatchewan Grasslands Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Fair, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Saskatchewan Prince Albert Good, Stable/No Change Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Fair, Improving Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Alberta Banff Good, Stable/No Change Poor, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable
Alberta Elk Island Fair, Declining Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Poor, Declining Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Alberta Jasper Fair, Stable/No Change Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Poor, Declining Not applicable Not applicable
Alberta Waterton Lakes Fair, Improving Poor, Declining Not applicable Fair, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
British Columbia Gulf Islands (Reserve) Fair, Improving Fair, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Poor, Declining Not applicable
British Columbia Gwaii Haanas (Reserve and Haida Heritage Site) Good, Improving Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Improving Not applicable
British Columbia Kootenay Good, Stable/No Change Poor, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable
British Columbia Mount Revelstoke Fair, Stable/No Change Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Poor, Declining Not applicable Not applicable
British Columbia Glacier Fair, Improving Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Poor, Declining Not applicable Not applicable
British Columbia Pacific Rim (Reserve) Good, Stable/No Change Poor, Declining Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Improving Not applicable
British Columbia Yoho Fair, Stable/No Change Poor, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable
Yukon Territory Ivvavik Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Poor, Declining Not applicable Not applicable
Yukon Territory Kluane (and Reserve) Fair, Declining Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable
Yukon Territory Vuntut Not applicable Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable
Northwest Territories Aulavik Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Poor, Declining Not applicable Not applicable
Northwest Territories Nááts'įhch'oh Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available
Northwest Territories Nahanni (Reserve) Fair, Declining Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Improving Not applicable Not applicable
Northwest Territories Thaidene Nene Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available
Northwest Territories Tuktut Nogait Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable
Northwest Territories Wood Buffalo Fair, Stable/No Change Poor, Declining Fair, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Nunavut Auyuittuq Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Poor, Stable/No Change
Nunavut Qausuittuq Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available
Nunavut Quttinirpaaq Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable Not applicable
Nunavut Sirmilik Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Improving Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change
Nunavut Ukkusiksalik Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Good, Stable/No Change Good, Stable/No Change Not applicable

Visitor experience indicators — Visitation


Province/Territory National park or national urban park 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Newfoundland and Labrador Gros Morne 244,292 238,540 233,198 238,071 88,233
Newfoundland and Labrador Terra Nova 39,732 46,668 43,851 44,403 12,710
Newfoundland and Labrador Torngat Mountains Not collected Not collected Not collected Not collected Not collected
Newfoundland and Labrador Akami-Uapishkᵁ-KakKasuak-Mealy Mountains Not collected Not collected Not collected Not collected Not collected
Prince Edward Island Prince Edward Island 530,247 695,025 746,521 756,243 415,113
Nova Scotia Cape Breton Highlands 302,827 333,746 295,456 300,906 112,217
Nova Scotia Kejimkujik 36,090 60,649 78,806 70,756 26,533
Nova Scotia Sable Island (Reserve) Not collected Not collected Not collected 394 72
New Brunswick Fundy 327,500 368,965 291,658 296,947 184,620
New Brunswick Kouchibouguac 169,262 188,185 243,284 238,957 160,945
Quebec Forillon 155,027 173,880 164,945 169,825 146,496
Quebec La Mauricie 217,252 338,530 161,576 219,824 194,398
Quebec Mingan Archipelago (Reserve) 34,307 39,039 38,743 41,381 41,829
Ontario Bruce Peninsula 412,623 428,988 362,313 490,388 371,552
Ontario Georgian Bay Islands 42,511 44,010 41,521 35,780 17,495
Ontario Point Pelee 333,285 522,199 342,305 396,168 383,360
Ontario Pukaskwa 9,593 14,114 9,243 9,107 12,869
Ontario Rouge Not collected Not collected Not collected Not collected Not collected
Ontario Thousand Islands 90,961 88,520 87,136 72,625 69,735
Manitoba Riding Mountain 355,523 423,146 355,972 352,218 286,288
Manitoba Wapusk 106 162 405 74 0
Saskatchewan Grasslands 13,452 18,296 15,784 17,477 12,278
Saskatchewan Prince Albert 249,310 299,168 270,233 283,873 255,936
Alberta Banff 4,059,503 4,181,854 4,089,309 4,121,062 3,003,824
Alberta Elk Island 360,678 528,647 371,757 391,977 464,218
Alberta Jasper 2,345,130 2,425,878 2,445,991 2,463,419 1,691,042
Alberta Waterton Lakes 536,865 568,807 412,860 457,356 450,505
British Columbia Gulf Islands (Reserve) Not collected Not collected Not collected 24,788 18,607
British Columbia Gwaii Haanas (Reserve and Haida Heritage Site) 2,819 3,316 2,653 2,629 0
British Columbia Kootenay 521,286 531,009 515,787 529,666 359,301
British Columbia Mount Revelstoke 795,749 787,968 776,919 801,513 644,630
British Columbia Glacier
British Columbia Pacific Rim (Reserve) 1,056,801 1,131,418 1,149,889 1,113,780 915,744
British Columbia Yoho 688,157 712,046 694,842 700,902 435,874
Yukon Territory Ivvavik 137 119 124 98 0
Yukon Territory Kluane (and Reserve) 27,606 29,743 32,066 29,055 6,485
Yukon Territory Vuntut Not collected Not collected Not collected Not collected Not collected
Northwest Territories Aulavik 8 24 18 15 0
Northwest Territories Nááts'įhch'oh Not collected Not collected Not collected Not collected Not collected
Northwest Territories Nahanni (Reserve) 1,082 1,302 899 770 231
Northwest Territories Thaidene Nene Not collected Not collected Not collected Not collected Not collected
Northwest Territories Tuktut Nogait 2 4 0 14 0
Northwest Territories Wood Buffalo 3,340 4,162 3,904 3,941 4,481
Nunavut Auyuittuq 200 709 853 356 3
Nunavut Qausuittuq Not collected Not collected Not collected Not collected Not collected
Nunavut Quttinirpaaq 21 33 32 18 0
Nunavut Sirmilik 84 494 508 298 0
Nunavut Ukkusiksalik Not collected Not collected Not collected Not collected Not collected

Visitor experience indicators — Visitor information survey

Province/Territory National park or national urban parkVisitor satisfaction Visitor learning Visitor enjoyment
Newfoundland and Labrador Gros Morne 97%
Data from previous reporting period
91%
Data from previous reporting period
91%
Data from previous reporting period
Newfoundland and Labrador Terra Nova 91% 61% 92%
Newfoundland and Labrador Torngat Mountains Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
Newfoundland and Labrador Akami-Uapishkᵁ-KakKasuak-Mealy Mountains Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
Prince Edward Island Prince Edward Island 95% 57% 97%
Nova Scotia Cape Breton Highlands 96% 78% 96%
Nova Scotia Kejimkujik 97% 65% 98%
Nova Scotia Sable Island (Reserve) Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
New Brunswick Fundy 98% 60% 99%
New Brunswick Kouchibouguac 94% 64% 95%
Quebec Forillon 98% 77% 98%
Quebec La Mauricie 97% 43% 96%
Quebec Mingan Archipelago (Reserve) 98%
Data from previous reporting period
94%
Data from previous reporting period
98%
Data from previous reporting period
Ontario Bruce Peninsula 93% 70% 97%
Ontario Georgian Bay Islands 93% 66% 94%
Ontario Point Pelee 97% 76% 97%
Ontario Pukaskwa 96%
Data from previous reporting period
70%
Data from previous reporting period
95%
Data from previous reporting period
Ontario Rouge Not available Not available Not available
Ontario Thousand Islands 91% 47% 96%
Manitoba Riding Mountain 96% 62% 96%
Manitoba Wapusk Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
Saskatchewan Grasslands 96%
Data from previous reporting period
89%
Data from previous reporting period
96%
Data from previous reporting period
Saskatchewan Prince Albert 94%
Data from previous reporting period
64%
Data from previous reporting period
96%
Data from previous reporting period
Alberta Banff 96% 74% 97%
Alberta Elk Island 96% 72% 95%
Alberta Jasper 96% N/A 97%
Alberta Waterton Lakes 95%
Data from previous reporting period
82%
Data from previous reporting period
97%
Data from previous reporting period
British Columbia Gulf Islands (Reserve) Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
British Columbia Gwaii Haanas (Reserve and Haida Heritage Site) Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
British Columbia Kootenay 93% 61% 95%
British Columbia Mount Revelstoke 98% 78% 98%
British Columbia Glacier
British Columbia Pacific Rim (Reserve) 91%
Data from previous reporting period
73%
Data from previous reporting period
96%
Data from previous reporting period
British Columbia Yoho 95% 70% 95%
Yukon Territory Ivvavik Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
Yukon Territory Kluane (and Reserve) 92%
Data from previous reporting period
Not assessed Not assessed
Yukon Territory Vuntut Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
Northwest Territories Aulavik Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
Northwest Territories Nááts'įhch'oh Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
Northwest Territories Nahanni (Reserve) Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
Northwest Territories Thaidene Nene Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
Northwest Territories Tuktut Nogait Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
Northwest Territories Wood Buffalo 96%
Data from previous reporting period
92%
Data from previous reporting period
94%
Data from previous reporting period
Nunavut Auyuittuq Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
Nunavut Qausuittuq Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
Nunavut Quttinirpaaq Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
Nunavut Sirmilik Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed
Nunavut Ukkusiksalik Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed

Notes

Note regarding ecological integrity indicators

Ecological integrity means, with respect to a park, a condition that is determined to be characteristic of its natural region and likely to persist, including abiotic components and the composition and abundance of native species and biological communities, rates of change and supporting processes (intégrité écologique) (Canada National Parks Act 2.1). National park ecosystems are managed to improve or maintain ecological integrity. Major park ecosystems are monitored to determine their condition (good, fair, or poor) and trend (improving, stable, or declining over five years).

In 2020, ecological integrity has been reported for major ecosystems in 43 of Canada's 47 national parks and national park reserves and one national urban park. Data are not yet available for Akami-Uapishkᵁ-KakKasuak-Mealy Mountains National Park Reserve, Nááts'įhch'oh National Park Reserve, Thaidene Nene National Park Reserve, Qausuittuq National Park, or Rouge National Urban Park.


Note regarding visitation

Visitation is measured in person-visits, which is defined as “each time a person enters the land or marine part of a reporting unit for recreational, educational or cultural purposes during business hours”. Through, local, and commercial traffic are excluded. Same day re-entries and re-entries by visitors staying overnight in the reporting unit do not constitute new person-visits. In 2017-18, admission was free as part of the Government of Canada’s national celebration of the 150th anniversary of Confederation. In 2020-21, in support of Canada’s efforts to reduce the spread of COVID-19 and flatten the curve of the pandemic, visitor access and services at all national parks and national historic sites were suspended from March 19 to June 1, 2020.


Organizational contact information

Parks Canada National Office
30 Victoria Street
Gatineau, Quebec
Canada
J8X 0B3

Email: information@pc.gc.ca

Telephone:888-773-8888 (General inquiries)

Telephone — international:819-420-9486 (General inquiries — international)

Teletypewriter:866-787-6221 (TTY)

Parks Canada Agency

Related links

Publication information

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the President & Chief Executive Officer of the Parks Canada Agency, 2021

Catalogue No.: R61-63/2021E-PDF

ISBN 978-0-660-40330-4