Parks Canada Archaeological Recording Manual: Excavations and Surveys



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Clark, A.J. (1990) Seeing Beneath the Soil : Prospecting Methods in Archaeology. B.T. Batsford, Ltd.

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Schmidt, Elisabeth (1972) Atlas of Animal Bones for Prehistorians, Archaeologists and Quaternary Geologists. Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam.

Smith, George S. (1979) “Mammalian Zooarchaeology, Alaska: A Manual for Identifying and Analyzing Mammal Bones from Archaeological Sites in Alaska.” Occasional Paper no. 18, Anthropology and Historic Preservation, Cooperative Park Studies Unit, University of Alaska, Fairbanks.

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Birkeland, Peter W. (1999) Soils and Geomorphology. Third edition. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.

Clark, Anthony (1997) Seeing Beneath the Soil: Prospecting Methods in Archaeology. B.T. Batsford Ltd., London, UK.

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Shiffer, Michael B.(1996) Formation Processes of the Archaeological Record, University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.

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Swannack, Jervis (1973) “Archaeological Excavation Manual.” National Historic Sites Service, National and Historic Parks Branch, Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Ottawa.


Anderson, Richard K. Jr. (1988) Guidelines for Recording Historic Ships. National Park Service,

U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C.

Dean, Martin, Ben Ferrari, Ian Oxley, Mark Redknap, and Kit Watson (1992) Archaeology Underwater: NAS Guide to Principles and Practice. Nautical Archaeology Society, Dorchester, Dorset, UK.

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Green, Jeremy N. (1990) Maritime Archaeology: A Technical Handbook. Elsevier Science and Technology Books, London.

Moore, Charles (accessed online April 2007) British Columbia Shipwreck Recording Guide. Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management, Archaeology Programs. Province of British Columbia. [Available online at:]

Redknap, Mark (1997) Artefacts From Wrecks. Oxbow Monograph 84, Oxbow Books, Oxford.

Reinhardt, Edouard and Avner Raban (server not responding) Combined Caesarea Expeditions: Guide to Field Procedures for Underwater Excavation. [Available online at:]

Robinson, Wendy (1998) First Aid for Underwater Finds. Archetype Publications Ltd. and Nautical Archaeology Society, London.

Steffy, Richard J. (1994) Wooden Shipbuilding and the Interpretation of Shipwrecks. Texas A & M University Press, College Station.


Bergeron, André et France Rémillard (2000) L’Archéologue et la conservation. Vade-mecum québécois. 2e édition. Centre de conservation du Québec, Québec.

Cross, Susan, Charles Hett, and Margaret Bertulli (1991) Conservation Manual for Northern Archaeologists. Archaeology Report # 9; Revised Second Edition, Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre, Yellowknife.

Sease, Catherine (1994) A Conservation Manual for the Field Archaeologist. Third edition. UCLA Institute of Archaeology, Archaeological Research Tools, Vol. 4. Los Angeles, CA.


Arthurs, David (ca. 1997) “NWT Ecosystem Monitoring Protocol for Cultural Resources.” Unpublished Manuscript on file, Western Canada Service Centre, Parks Canada, Winnipeg. (Available online at the Parks Canada Intranet).

Hawker, J.M. (1999) A Manual of Archaeological Field Drawing. Jim Hawker, Edinburgh.

Parks Canada (2000) Unearthing the Law: Archaeological Legislation on Lands in Canada. Parks Canada, Ottawa-Gatineau.

Province of British Columbia (accessed online April 2007) Archaeological Impact Assessment Guidelines. Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management, Archaeology and Registry Services Branch, Province of British Columbia. [Available online at:]

Roe, Martin (2002) Recording the Underground Archaeology of Mines: A Descriptive Specification (Draft). [Available online at:]

Skinner, Mark and Richard A. Lazenby [n.d.] “Found: Human Remains: A Field Manual for the Recovery of the Recent Human Skeleton.” Archaeology Press, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, B.C.

Stryd, Arnould H. (2001) Culturally Modified Trees of British Columbia: A Handbook for the Identification of Culturally Modified Trees. Version 2.0. Archaeology Branch, B.C. Ministry of Small Business, Tourism and Culture. [PDF version available online at:]

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Whitley, David S. (editor) (2001) Handbook of Rock Art Research. Altmira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.


Parks Canada (1985) Management Directive 2.1.22: Collection Management System: Conservation Services (appendices modified 1991)

Parks Canada (July 1986) Management Directive 2.1.23: Collection Management System: Archaeological Services (under revision).

Parks Canada (1990) Management Bulletin 2.4.6: Natural Resource Management Process.

Parks Canada (August 1991) Management Directive 2.3.3: Archaeological Explosives: Archaeological Discovery (under revision).

Parks Canada (May 1998) Management Directive 2.4.2: Impact Assessment.

Parks Canada (June 2000) Management Directive 2.3.1: Human Remains, Cemeteries and Burial Grounds.

Parks Canada (June 2000) Management Directive 2.3.4:Repatriation of Moveable Cultural Resources of Aboriginal Affiliation.

Parks Canada (2004) Management Bulletin 2.4.5: Management Bulletin on Research Permitting and Reporting (under revision).

Parks Canada (2005) Management Bulletin 2.3.2: Archaeological Research Permitting.


Parks Canada (1994) Parks Canada Guiding Principles and Operational Policies. Minister of Supply and Services Canada, Ottawa.

Parks Canada (2005) Parks Canada Guidelines for the Management of Archaeological Resources. Archaeological Services Branch, Parks Canada Agency, Ottawa-Gatineau.

Government of Canada (1990). Archaeological Heritage Policy Framework. Canadian Heritage, Minister of Supply and Services Canada, Ottawa.

Standards and Guidelines for the Conservation of Historic Places in Canada (2003), Parks Canada, Ottawa - Gatineau.


Access to Information Act.
Canadian Environmental Assessment Act.
Canada Labour Code.
Canada National Marine Conservation Areas Act.
Canada National Parks Act.
Canada Shipping Act.
Federal Real Property and Federal Immovable Act.
Federal Real Property Regulations.
Final Comprehensive Land Claim Agreements (refer to applicable Agreements) Historic Canals Regulations.
Historic Sites and Monuments Act.
National Historic Parks General Regulations.
National Parks General Regulations.
Parks Canada Agency Act.
Privacy Act.
Saguenay-St. Lawrence Marine Park Act.
Species at Risk Act.

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