150th anniversary of Canadian Confederation 1867-2017Why the big party in 2017? This year, Canada celebrates its 150th anniversary. A century and a half ago, in 1867, the Dominion of Canada was founded when four provinces united in Confederation.
In early September of 1864, delegates from the British colonies of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and the Province of Canada (now Ontario and Quebec), gathered in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, to discuss the benefits of creating a new country. A month later, they met again in Quebec City, where they spent seventeen days hammering out Canada's first constitution. These men succeeded in their mission and became known as the Fathers of Confederation.
On July 1, 1867, the Dominion of Canada was born, initially uniting the four provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec and Ontario. Since then, Confederation has expanded to the Pacific and Arctic oceans to include ten provinces and three territories. Rich in culture and history, and ecologically diverse, today Canada is a vibrant country that over 35 million people call home.
The story of Confederation, and of those who envisioned the creation of a new country, is told at multiple national historic sites, including:
- Province House NHS, Charlottetown, PEI: Site of the 1864 Charlottetown Conference which eventually led to Confederation
- Montmorency Park NHS, Quebec City, QC: Location of the former building where the 1864 Quebec Conference was held
- Bellevue House NHS, Kingston, ON: Former residence of Canada’s first prime minister, Sir John A. Macdonald
- Sir George-Étienne Cartier NHS, Montreal,QC: Former home of this Father of Confederation
- Ardgowan NHS, Charlottetown, PEI: Nineteenth century residence of Father of Confederation William Henry Pope
During this momentous occasion, Parks Canada invites you to experience these inspiring places where our history comes alive!