Since the Heritage Railway Stations Protection Act was proclaimed into law in 1990, over 150 heritage railway stations have been designated across Canada. To be considered for designation, a railway station must be at least 40 years old and owned by a railway company to which Part III of the Canada Transportation Act applies. The Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, with support from Parks Canada, evaluates eligible railway stations based on criteria such as architectural and historical significance and then makes a recommendation for designation to the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency (Minister of Environment and Climate Change).

Once under the protection of the Act, a designated railway station cannot be altered, demolished, sold or transferred without Governor in Council authorization. Parks Canada works closely with railway companies to ensure that authorized alterations and/or transfers of ownership respect the heritage value and character-defining elements outlined in the Heritage Character Statement for each designated heritage railway station.

Designated heritage railway stations are found in communities both large and small and are a vitally important part of Canada's built heritage.


Designated heritage railway stations

Profiled below are the heritage railway stations that have been designated through the recommendations of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada (HSMBC).

 
 
 
Heritage railway stations
Official name Location Status Designation year

Algoma Central Railway Station

Hwy. 532,
Searchmont, Ontario
Not in Use 1996

Burlington Northern Railway Station

Railway Ave. (Hwy. #6),
Salmo, British Columbia
Not in Use 1992

Canadian American - Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Railway St.,
Lac-Mégantic, Quebec
Alternative Use 1996

Canadian National Railway Station

135 Wellington St.,
Aurora, Ontario
In Use 1990

Canadian National Railway Station

360 James St. North, Hamilton, Ontario In Use 1991

Canadian National Railway Station

50 Main St. West,
Huntsville, Ontario
Alternative Use 1994

Canadian National Railway Station

607 Connaught Dr.,
Jasper, Alberta
Alternative Use 1992

Canadian National Railway Station

500 Lorne St.,
Kamloops, British Columbia
In Use 1992

Canadian National Railway Station

520 Clement Ave., Kelowna, British Columbia Alternative Use 1991

Canadian National Railway Station

810 Montreal St.,
Kingston, Ontario
Not in Use 1994

Canadian National Railway Station

Talbot St. (Hwy. No.3),
Leamington, Ontario
Not in Use 1995

Canadian National Railway Station

Station St. (next to the junction of routes 101/111),
Macamic, Quebec
Alternative Use 1994

Canadian National Railway Station

7 Station Lane,
Markham, Ontario
In Use 1992

Canadian National Railway Station

First Ave. and Main St.,
McBride, British Columbia
Unknown 1991

Canadian National Railway Station

341 Stadacona St. E.,
Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan
Alternative Use 1992

Canadian National Railway Station

5th Ave. (at Hamilton St.),
Neepawa, Manitoba
Alternative Use 1996

Canadian National Railway Station

172 Second Ave. W.,
North Bay, Ontario
Alternative Use 1994

Canadian National Railway Station

170 Front St. S.,
Orillia, Ontario
Alternative Use 1994

Canadian National Railway Station

Prince Rupert, British Columbia Not in Use 1992

Canadian National Railway Station

Main St., (corner of Fair Rd.),
Richmond, Quebec
Alternative Use 1991

Canadian National Railway Station

536 Station Rd., Saint-Pascal, Quebec Alternative Use 1992

Canadian National Railway Station

50-80 Depot St.,
Sherbrooke, Quebec
Alternative Use 1991

Canadian National Railway Station

Main St. (at Railway Ave.),
Smithers, British Columbia
Alternative Use 1990

Canadian National Railway/VIA Rail Station

South of Front St. (at 4th Ave.),
Sioux Lookout, Ontario
In Use 1994

Canadian National Railways (Canadian Northern Railway) Station

5th Ave. (at 9th St.),
Humboldt, Saskatchewan
Not in Use 1992

Canadian National Railways (Intercolonial Railway) Station

Lorne St.,
Sackville, New Brunswick
In Use 1994

Canadian National Railways / VIA Rail Station

1150 Station St.,
Vancouver, British Columbia
In Use 1991

Canadian National Railways Allandale Station at Barrie

285 Bradford St.,
Allandale / Barrie, Ontario
In Use 1990

Canadian National Railways Central Station

895 Gauchetière St. West,
Montréal, Quebec
In Use 1995

Canadian National Railways Station

209, blvd. Saint-Benoît West,
Amqui, Québec
In Use 1994

Canadian National Railways Station

5 Wadsworth St.,
Brantford, Ontario
In Use 1990

Canadian National Railways Station

66 St. Joseph,
Casselman, Ontario
In Use 1994

Canadian National Railways Station

Maple St.,
Comber, Ontario
Not in Use 1996

Canadian National Railways Station

194 Saint François St.,
Edmundston, New Brunswick
Alternative Use 1996

Canadian National Railways Station

368-370 Champlain St.,
Joliette, Quebec
In Use 1995

Canadian National Railways Station

Main St., (at First Ave.W.(Hwy. 15)),
Melville, Saskatchewan
Alternative Use 1992

Canadian National Railways Station

48, Station Rd. (corner of Aubin Road),
Mont-Joli, Quebec
In Use 1994

Canadian National Railways Station

75 Railway Ave. E., Hwy. 16B (at 100th St. (Hwy. 4)),
North Battleford, Saskatchewan
In Use 1995

Canadian National Railways Station

57 l'Évêché Rd. East,
Rimouski, Quebec
In Use 1994

Canadian National Railways Station

Intersection Hwy. 25 & Main St,
Rivers, Manitoba
In Use 1992

Canadian National Railways Station

95 Station Rd.,
Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pocatière, Quebec
In Use 1995

Canadian National Railways Station

1450 Sicotte St.,
Sainte-Hyacinthe, Quebec
In Use 1991

Canadian National Railways Station

11 Hwy. 132 West,
Sayabec, Quebec
Alternative Use 1994

Canadian National Railways Station

4th St. West,
Senneterre, Quebec
In Use 1995

Canadian National Railways Station

1560 CN way,
Shawinigan, Quebec
In Use 1994

Canadian National Railways/VIA Rail Station

Queen & William Streets,
Chatham, Ontario
In Use 1995

Canadian National Railways/VIA Rail Station

5 Latagne St.,
Clova, Quebec
In Use 1995

Canadian National Railways/VIA Rail Station

490 Hwy. 132,
Port-Daniel, Quebec
In Use 1996

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

151 Victoria St.,
Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia
Unknown 1992

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Station St.,
Aroostook, New Brunswick
Not in Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Lynx St.,
Banff, Alberta
In Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Pacific Ave. (at 10th St.),
Brandon, Manitoba
Alternative Use 1992

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

10 Front St.,
Cambridge, Ontario
Unknown 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

110 Miguel St.,
Carleton Place, Ontario
Alternative Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Spencer Ave.,
Cartier, Ontario
In Use 1993

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

221 Saint Jean St. West,
East Angus, Quebec
Alternative Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

8101 Gateway Boulevard NW, Old Strathcona,
Edmonton, Alberta
Alternative Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

East of Vitoria St. and 32nd Ave.,
Edmundston, New Brunswick
Alternative Use 1992

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

82 Sixth St.,
Emerson, Manitoba
Not in Use 1992

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Railway Ave. and Centre St.,
Empress, Alberta
Alternative Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

191 Victoria Rd.,
Farnham, Quebec
Unknown 1995

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Field, British Columbia Unknown 1995

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

380 York St.,
Fredericton, New Brunswick
Alternative Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Glacier National Park of Canada,
Glacier, British Columbia
Not in Use 1992

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

7654 Donaldson Drive,
Grand Forks, British Columbia
Alternative Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

15 Station St.,
Hantsport, Nova Scotia
Unknown 1992

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Ottawa St. (Hwy. No. 7 at Orange St.),
Havelock, Ontario
Alternative Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Railway St., Kenora, Ontario In Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

540 Berry St.,
Lachute, Quebec
Alternative Use 1992

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

21 Sainte-Marie St.,
Lacolle, Quebec
Alternative Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

200 Sentinel Rd.,
Lake Louise, Alberta
Alternative Use 1990

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Main St.,
L'Annonciation, Quebec
Alternative Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

De la Gare St.,
Masson-Angers, Quebec
Not in Use 1990

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

North Railway St.,
Medicine Hat, Alberta
Unknown 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Railway Ave. (at Hwy. 16A and 2nd Ave.),
Minnedosa, Manitoba
Alternative Use 1992

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

700 Vaudreuil Rd.,
Mont-Laurier, Quebec
Alternative Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

3 Manitoba St. West,
Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan
Alternative Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

90 Baker St.,
Nelson, British Columbia
Alternative Use 1992

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

100 Ferguson St.,
North Bay, Ontario
Alternative Use 1994

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

First Ave. East (at 12th St. E.),
Owen Sound, Ontario
Alternative Use 1996

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

1 Avenue Rd.,
Parry Sound, Ontario
In Use 1994

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

301 Pacific Ave. (at 3rd St. NE.),
Portage la Prairie, Manitoba
Alternative Use 1992

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

15 Charlebois Rd.,
Rigaud, Quebec
Not in Use 1994

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

24 St. Paul St. East,
Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, Quebec
Alternative Use 1994

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Mgr. Laflèche (corner of rue de la Fabrique),
Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade, Quebec
Not in Use 1994

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

75 Foch Rd.,
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec
Unknown 1996

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

160 Gare St.,
Saint-Jérôme, Quebec
Alternative Use 1994

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

305 Idylwyld Drive North,
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
Alternative Use 1990

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Brunswick St.,
Schreiber, Ontario
In Use 1994

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Station Ave.,
Shawinigan, Quebec
Alternative Use 1994

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Canadian Pacific Railway Terrace, Sherbrooke, Quebec Alternative Use 1994

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Railway Station St. East,
Swift Current, Saskatchewan
Alternative Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

191 Main St.,
Tring-Jonction, Quebec
Alternative Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

397 Rousseau Blvd.,
Vallée-Jonction, Quebec
Alternative Use 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

4848 Ste. Catherine St. West,
Westmount, Quebec
Not in Use 1994

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Winnipeg St. (between Elgin & Durham Sts.),
White River, Ontario
In Use 1996

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

181 Higgins Ave.,
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Alternative Use 1990

Canadian Pacific Railway Station

A Avenue at Bosworth St.,
Wynyard, Saskatchewan
Unknown 1991

Canadian Pacific Railway Station (VIA Rail), Former

120 Canada Ave.,
Duncan, British Columbia
Alternative Use 1994

Canadian Pacific Railway Station (VIA)

146 Saunders Rd.,
McAdam, New Brunswick
Alternative Use 1990

Du Palais Station

450 Gare du Palais St.,
Québec, Quebec
In Use 1992

Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Station

321 Selby St.,
Nanaimo, British Columbia
Alternative Use 1991

Former Calgary and Edmonton Railway Station

5102 Ross St. (or 50th St.) CPR Right of Way,
Red Deer, Alberta
Alternative Use 1990

Former Canada Southern Railway Station

810 Talbot St.,
St. Thomas, Ontario
Alternative Use 1990

Former Canadian National Railway Station

4th St. W. (west of Central Ave.),
Fort Frances, Ontario
Alternative Use 1994

Former Canadian National Railway Station

30 Station St.,
Maple, Ontario
In Use 1992

Former Canadian National Railway Station

214 Main St., North,
Markham, Ontario
In Use 1992

Former Canadian National Railway Station

Minaki, Ontario Not in Use 2011

Former Canadian National Railway Station

450 Davis Drive,
Newmarket, Ontario
Alternative Use 1992

Former Canadian National Railways (VIA Rail) Station

563 George St.,
Cobourg, Ontario
In Use 1994

Former Canadian National Railways (VIA Rail) Station

126 Weber St.,
Kitchener, Ontario
In Use 1992

Former Canadian National Railways (VIA Rail) Station

101 Shakespeare St.,
Stratford, Ontario
In Use 1994

Former Canadian National Railways (VIA Rail) Station

94 Victoria St. S.,
Woodstock, Ontario
In Use 1994

Former Canadian National Railways (VIA Rail/GO Transit) Station

27 Church St. West,
Brampton, Ontario
In Use 1992

Former Canadian National Railways (VIA Rail/GO Transit) Station

79 Carden St.,
Guelph, Ontario
In Use 1992

Former Canadian Northern Railway Station

101 1st Ave. NW,
Dauphin, Manitoba
Alternative Use 1990

Former Canadian Northern Railway Station

Railway Ave. (between Centre St. and 1 St. W),
Hanna, Alberta
Alternative Use 1991

Former Canadian Northern Railway Station

Burrows Rd.,
McCreary, Manitoba
Alternative Use 1991

Former Canadian Northern Railway Station

126 First Ave.,
Roblin, Manitoba
Unknown 1991

Former Canadian Northern Railway Station

64099 Prairie Dog Trail,
Rosser, Manitoba
Alternative Use 1991

Former Canadian Pacific Railway (VIA Rail) Station

174 North Railway St.,
Qualicum Beach, British Columbia
Unknown 1994

Former Canadian Pacific Railway (VIA Rail) Station

1 Van Horne St. (at Minto St.),
Sudbury, Ontario
In Use 1994

Former Canadian Pacific Railway Station

Front St. (at 6th Ave. (Hwy. 605)),
Broadview, Saskatchewan
Alternative Use 1992

Former Canadian Pacific Railway Station

1880 Saskatchewan Dr.,
Regina, Saskatchewan
Alternative Use 1991

Former Canadian Pacific Railway Station

425-6th Ave. S.,
Virden, Manitoba
Alternative Use 1990

Former Canadian Pacific Railway Station (VIA Rail)

899 Cumberland Rd.,
Courtenay, British Columbia
Not in Use 1994

Former Grand Trunk Railway (Canadian National Railways) Station

220 Station St. (at North Lingham St.),
Belleville, Ontario
Alternative Use 1992

Former Grand Trunk Railway (Canadian National Railways) Station

Ernestown, Ontario Not in Use 1992

Former Grand Trunk Railway (Canadian National Railways) Station

Hayward St. (at Choate St.),
Port Hope, Ontario
In Use 1992

Former Grand Trunk Railway (Canadian National Railways) Station

820 St. Lawrence and Railway Streets,
Prescott, Ontario
Alternative Use 1992

Former Grand Trunk Railway Station

Glass St.,
Marys, Ontario
Not in Use 1992

Former Intercolonial Railway Station

Broad St.,
Sussex, New Brunswick
In Use 1994

Newfoundland Railway Terminus & Headquarters, Former

495 Water St.,
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador
Alternative Use 1990

Toronto, Hamilton & Buffalo Railway Station, Former

36 Hunter St. East,
Hamilton, Ontario
In Use 1990

Union Station

440 Syndicate Syndicate St. South,
Thunder Bay. Ontario
In Use 1991

Union Station

65 Front St.,
Toronto, Ontario
In Use 1990

Union Station

123 Main St.,
Winnipeg, Manitoba
In Use 1989

VIA Rail - Canadian National Railway Station

Kelsey Blvd.,
Churchill, Manitoba
Alternative Use 1992

VIA Rail (Union) Station

Chappel Dr. (south-west end of town),
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
In Use 1996

VIA Rail Station

1161 Hollis St.,
Halifax, Nova Scotia
In Use 1991

VIA Rail Station

15, Saint Louis St.,
Hébertville-Station, Quebec
In Use 1995

VIA Rail Station

4 de la Station St.,
Montmagny, Quebec
In Use 1995

VIA Rail Station

200 Tremblay Rd.,
Ottawa, Ontario
In Use 1996

VIA Rail Station

125 Green St.,
Sarnia, Ontario
In Use 1995

VIA Rail Station

5 Great Western St.,
St. Catharines, Ontario
In Use 1994

VIA Rail Station

1075 Champflour St.,
Trois-Rivières, Quebec
Alternative Use 1990

VIA Rail/Canadian National Railway Station

110 Railway Ave.,
Nakina, Ontario
Alternative Use 1994

VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station

27 McDougall St.,
Alexandria, Ontario
In Use 1994

VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station

Station St.,
Amherst, Nova Scotia
In Use 1992

VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station

Railway Ave.,
Cranberry Portage, Manitoba
Alternative Use 1992

VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station

55 Queen St.,
Georgetown, Ontario
In Use 1994

VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station

252 Railway Ave.,
Gillam Manitoba
In Use 1992

VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station

10 Macdonell Rd.,
Matapédia, Quebec
In Use 1994

VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station

Oriental Rd.,
New Carlisle, Quebec
In Use 1994

VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station

4267 Bridge St.,
Niagara Falls, Ontario
In Use 1994

VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station

Fisher Ave. East,
Portage la Prairie, Manitoba
In Use 1992

VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station

380 Hazlewood Ave.,
The Pas. Manitoba
In Use 1992

White Pass and Yukon Railway Station

Main St., Lot 1004, Quad 105 D/2,
Carcross, Yukon Territory
Alternative Use 1991

Windsor Station

1100 Des Canadiens-de-Montréal Ave.,
Montréal, Quebec
In Use 1990

Wolfville Canadian Pacific Heritage Railway Station

Elm Ave. (at Front St.),
Wolfville, Nova Scotia
Alternative Use 1992

Heritage Railway Stations Protection Act

The Heritage Railway Stations Protection Act proclaimed in 1990, responded to long-standing and widespread concern that Canada’s heritage railway stations were not being afforded an adequate level of protection. The initiative of a private Member of Parliament, the Act received support of all parties and reflects the government of Canada’s strong commitment to the preservation of our built heritage.

The Act applies to all railway companies governed by Part III of the Canada Transportation Act. According to the Act, no railway company may in any way alter, demolish, or transfer ownership of a designated heritage railway station without the authorization of the Governor in Council. The Act provides a clear process through which proposed alterations must be reviewed and approved.

The effectiveness of the Heritage Railway Stations Protection Act ultimately depends on the railway companies who manage and care for the stations daily, and on the private citizens who continue to express concern for the protection of these resources. Each designated station is an important part of the history of a railway corporation and of the heritage of the Canadian people.


Evaluation and designation

Criteria for a railway station to be designated

Since 1990, the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada has evaluated almost 300 railway stations, more than half of which were designated heritage railway stations.

To be considered, a railway station must:

  • be owned by a railway company subject to Part III of the Canada Transportation Act; and
  • be more than 40 years old.

The Board evaluates eligible stations against criteria that measure historical and architectural significance, the character of surrounding areas and the interest the public shows in the station. If the board determines that a building merits designation as a heritage railway station, it submits a favourable recommendation to the Minister for approval.

The Minister responsible for Parks Canada (the Minister of Environment and Climate Change) officially designates the railway station and informs the railway company of the decision.

Application process for alterations or transfer of ownership of a designated station

When a railway station is to be altered, the owner railway company is required to:

  • file an application for authorization with the Minister of Environment and Climate Change and post the required Public Notice
  • notify the secretariat of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada as early as possible and consult with its representatives
  • review the heritage character statement, included on each individual heritage railway station description, at the planning stage and take it into consideration throughout the project and
  • submit for review and approval all plans showing proposed alterations, ensuring that the principles of conservation are met.

In the event of a transfer of ownership or sale of a station, the owner railway company must conform to the following requirements:

  • file an application for authorization with the Minister of Environment and Climate Change and post the required Public Notice
  • notify the Secretariat of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada and consult with its representatives
  • obtain the potential purchaser’s commitment to respect the heritage character of the station as identified in the heritage character statement, included on each individual heritage railway station description, after its acquisition
  • obtain a commitment from appropriate authorities to designate the station under provincial heritage legislation in accordance with provincial heritage protection laws
  • explain the future use of the station once it is transferred or sold and
  • submit for review and approval a feasibility study or plans describing all planned alterations to the site following its transfer or sale, while ensuring that the principles of conservation are met.

The Heritage Railway Stations Protection Act provides that a fine of between $50,000 and $1 million be imposed on railway companies that contravene the act.

Want to see more heritage designations?

Search through over 3,600 designations listed in the Directory of Federal Heritage Designations (DFHD)


The Directory of Federal Heritage Designations offers a complete list of federal designations stemming from various programs managed by Parks Canada. It includes information on designated persons, places, and events of national historic significance under the National Program of Historical Commemoration, as well as railway stations, lighthouses, and federal buildings that are of national historic value or interest.


Questions about railway stations covered by the Heritage Railway Stations Protection Act may be addressed to:

Secretariat
Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada
clmhc-hsmbc@pc.gc.ca
30 Victoria Street
3rd Floor (PC-03-M)
Gatineau QC J8X 0B3
Toll-free phone number: 1-855-283-8730