Silver Dart in flight near Baddeck, Nova Scotia, 1909.
© Library and Archives Canada / PA-061741

The first aeroplane flying in Canada was designated a national historic event in 1934.

Historical importance: Flight of the Silver Dart in 1909, first in Canada.

Commemorative plaque : Alexander Graham Bell Museum, Chebucto Street, Baddeck, Nova Scotia Footnote 1

On February 23, 1909, more than 100 people witnessed the first successful powered flight in Canada, as the Silver Dart lifted off the ice of Baddeck Bay and flew 800 metres. The biplane, piloted by J. A. D. McCurdy, reached a speed of 65 kilometres per hour and an altitude of about 9 metres before making a smooth landing. Designed and built by the Aerial Experiment Association, founded by Mabel and Alexander Graham Bell, the Silver Dart was the culmination of this group's pioneering aeronautical research. Their success heralded the age of aviation in Canada.


General view of a building
General view of Alexander Graham Bell Museum, date unknown.
General view of a building
General view of Alexander Graham Bell Museum, date unknown.
J. A. D. McCurdy sitting in a Curtiss biplane at Daytona Beach, Florida, March 28, 1911.
© Nova Scotia Archives, J. A. D. McCurdy 2007-058 vol. 003 no. 14

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