As the First Peoples of Canada, First Nations, Metis and Inuit have established sacred grounds across the country that have great cultural and spiritual significance. Today, Parks Canada is fortunate to work with over 300 Indigenous partners and communities to protect many of these special places and share their stories.


Illustration that celebrates Indigenous cultures in Canada. It shows strong symbols that represent Indigenous groups: sun, eagle, narwhal and violin.

National Indigenous History Month

National Indigenous History Month is highlighted each June to recognize and strengthen Indigenous contributions to Canadian history and society.

This year, National Indigenous History Month is dedicated to the missing children, the families left behind and the survivors of residential schools.

We encourage you to take time to honour and learn about the many languages, cultures and immeasurable contributions of First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples.

Low-lying clouds roll over a fjord between mountains.

Two paths, one destination

Indigenous Knowledge and Western science come together to protect a park and a homeland.

Take a look at the example of the Torngat Mountains National Park

A plains bison standing in a yellow field.

Bison conservation initiative

The recovery of the Plains Bison from near extinction is one of the great success stories of wildlife conservation in North America, achieved in collaboration with various Indigenous partners. The bison, an ecosystem engineer and culturally significant species for many Indigenous peoples, was effectively reintroduced to its traditional range in several Canadian national parks. Find out how the various initiatives to reintroduce the Plains Bison are being carried out across the country in the following video.

Canada’s Bison: Restoring a Legacy

Sketch of  groupe of people, Eurocanadians and members of First Nations, gathered for the signing of the treaty no. 1.

Anniversaries of the signing of Treaties 1, 2 and 11

This year, we commemorate the 150th anniversary of the signing of Treaties 1 and 2 and the 100th of the signing of Treaty 11.

See anniversaries of significance in Canada

Lower Fort Garry National Historic Site is the location where Treaty No. 1 was negotiated in 1871, and many commemorations will take place throughout the year.

Learn more about the 150th year anniversary of Treaty No. 1

Illustration representing the three groups of Indigenous People in Canada: Métis, First Nations and Inuit.

National Indigenous Peoples Day

On June 21, we celebrate the 25th anniversary of National Indigenous Peoples Day.

See anniversaries of significance in Canada

From ‘Stories of growing up Métis’ to ‘Sounds of an Inuit Homeland’ to ‘Walking in our Ancestors Footsteps’ browse the list of videos created for this special occasion.

List of videos for National Indigenous Peoples Day 2021

To honour the diversity and the richness of Indigenous cultures and traditions, we invite you to join Indigenous Day Live broadcast on Aboriginal Peoples Television Network (APTN) on June 20.

Additional resources


At Parks Canada places, Indigenous voices share their own stories of their history and culture. Connecting with these experiences, deepens our understanding of the history, cultures, and important roles of Indigenous peoples.

Working together

Together, Parks Canada and Indigenous partners work cooperatively to ensure access to traditional lands and waters for cultural activities and ceremonies.

Sitting at the same table, Indigenous knowledge guides the management of Canada’s heritage places and programs. This work is based on respect for Indigenous rights and our treaty relationships and understanding of the history that shapes our national parks and national historic sites.