Indian Battle of 1870 National Historic Event

Lethbridge, Alberta
Indian Battle of 1870 (© Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada)
Indian Battle of 1870
(© Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada)
Address : Off University Drive, north of Whoop-Up Drive, Lethbridge, Alberta

Recognition Statute: Historic Sites and Monuments Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. H-4)
Designation Date: 1966-10-26

Other Name(s):
  • Indian Battle of 1870  (Designation Name)

Importance: Last great battle, Cree and Assiniboine against the Blackfoot confederacy

Plaque(s)


Existing plaque: On the University grounds, overlooking Indian Battle Coulee Off University Drive, north of Whoop-Up Drive, Lethbridge, Alberta

When a Cree and Assiniboine war party launched a surprise attack upon tribes of the Blackfoot confederacy in October 1870, a major battle erupted in territory now within and adjacent to the City of Lethbridge. Overwhelmed by the combined strength and superior weapons of Blackfoot, Blood and Peigan, the attackers attempted to withdraw but only shattered remnants of the initial war party escaped the vengeance of pursuing warriors. Although minor skirmishes between Indian nations continued for some years, this engagement of 1870 was the last great inter-tribal battle to be fought in North America.