Jean-Pierre Roma at Three Rivers, P. E. I. National Historic Site of Canada
Brudenell Point, Prince Edward Island
View of the memorial monument
(© Agence Parcs Canada/ Parks Canada Agency)
Brudenell, Brudenell Point, Prince Edward Island
Historic Sites and Monuments Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. H-4)
1732 to 1732
1732 to 1745
Event, Person, Organization:
Jean-Pierre Roma at Three Rivers, P. E. I.
Roma at Three Rivers
The Roma Settlement /L'établissement Roma
Research Report Number:
Existing plaque: Brudenell Point, Prince Edward Island
In 1732 Jean-Pierre Roma began a settlement and trading post here that enhanced the French presence on Prince Edward Island (Île Saint-Jean). The main interest of Roma's chartered company was the fishery, but it also traded goods with the rest of New France, the West Indies and France. At this site, workers erected nine substantial buildings and planted gardens. Roma encountered many difficulties, yet stayed in business for 13 years. The venture ended abruptly when, in 1745, troops from New England destroyed the settlement after their capture of Louisbourg.Original Plaque: Prince Edward Island
Here, in 1732, Jean Pierre Roma founded a base for control of the gulf fisheries and for trade with France, Quebec, and the West Indies. His establishment was destroyed after the fall of Louisbourg in 1745.
Description of Historic Place
Jean-Pierre Roma at Three Rivers National Historic Site of Canada is situated at the tip of Brudenell Point, on the eastern shore of Prince Edward Island. The site comprises remains of the 18th-century Roma settlement, the remains of unidentified 19th-century buildings, and the remains of the 19th-century Macdonald commercial establishment. Designation refers to the hectare of land upon which the remains of the Roma settlement, as well as the 19th-century resources, survive.
Jean-Pierre Roma at Three Rivers was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1933. The reason for designation, as derived from the 1998 plaque text, is: it is the site where, in 1732, Jean-Pierre Roma began a settlement and trading post that enhanced the French presence on Prince Edward Island (Île Saint-Jean).
In 1732, Jean-Pierre Roma established a French fishing and trading settlement that included nine substantial buildings and gardens. The settlement survived until 1745 when New Englanders destroyed it after the siege of Louisbourg. Following the cession of the island to Great Britain, Brudenell Point was uninhabited until early in the 19th century. It was owned by absentee landlords, who leased it to different individuals, principally the Macdonalds, who operated a commercial and boat building business on the point.
Sources : Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Submission Report and Minutes, October 2006.
Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
the remains, both above ground and below ground, which date to the era of the Roma settlement and derived from: the storage cellar, the company house, the blacksmith shop, the house for company employees and strangers, the trash pit, the ice house, and unidentified buildings; the remains, both above ground and below ground, which date to the era of nineteenth century settlement in association with the British presence, and derived from nonidentified buildings; the remains, both above ground and below ground, which date to the era of nineteenth century settlement in association with the Macdonald commercial establishment, as the ones that derived from the Macdonald store; the relationship between the site, the Brudenell and Montague Rivers, and the sea.