Eagle Pass National Historic Event

Craigellachie, British Columbia
Eagle Pass (© Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada)
Eagle Pass
(© Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada)
Address : Craigellachie, British Columbia

Recognition Statute: Historic Sites and Monuments Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. H-4)
Designation Date: 1971-05-27

Other Name(s):
  • Eagle Pass  (Designation Name)

Importance: Last spike on Canadian Pacific Railway, 1885


Existing plaque: Last Spike rest area Craigellachie, British Columbia
Original Plaque: Last Spike rest area Revelstoke, British Columbia

While exploring these mountains in the summer of 1865, Walter Moberly, assistant surveyor-general of British Columbia, noted the flight of eagles through a break in the Gold Range (Monashees), thereby discovering Eagle Pass. After 1881, Eagle Pass was chosen as the Canadian Pacific Railways route between the drainage basins of the Columbia and Fraser rivers. This was one of the last stretches of the railway to be completed, and on 7 November 1885, Sir Donald Smith drove the "last spike" at Craigellachie, just west of the pass.