Wabana Iron Ore Mines National Historic Event

St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador
Wabana Iron Ore Mines © Expired
Wabana Iron Ore Mines
© Expired
Wabana Iron Ore Mines © ExpiredWabana Iron Ore Mines © Expired
Address : St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

Recognition Statute: Historic Sites and Monuments Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. H-4)
Designation Date: 1988-06-24

Other Name(s):
  • Wabana Iron Ore Mines  (Designation Name)
  • Iron Ore Industry on Bell Island, Newfoundland,  (Other Name)

Importance: Bell Island mines were major source of iron ore, 1895-1966


Existing plaque:  St. Johns, Newfoundland and Labrador

Here, from 1895 to 1966, men from Bell Island, Conception Bay and elsewhere in Newfoundland mined one of the world's largest bodies of red hematite iron ore. Nova Scotia steel-makers opened the first mines here, and the union of Wabana iron with Cape Breton coal created an integrated steel industry in the Atlantic region. On Bell Island the culture of the outports blended into an industrial workplace. Starting from open pits, miners followed the ore far out under the bay. For a time these were Newfoundland's most important mines, and a mainstay of the local economy.