Pond, Peter National Historic Person

Prince Albert, Saskatchewan
View of original HSMBC plaque erected in 1953 © Parks Canada / Parcs Canada, 1953
original HSMBC plaque
© Parks Canada / Parcs Canada, 1953
View of original HSMBC plaque erected in 1953 © Parks Canada / Parcs Canada, 1953View of the location of the HSMBC cairn and plaque erected to replace the original in 1980 © Parks Canada / Parcs Canada, 1980
Address : Shelbrook Highway, Prince Albert, Saskatchewan

Recognition Statute: Historic Sites and Monuments Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. H-4)
Designation Date: 1951-05-30
Life Date: 1740 to 1807

Other Name(s):
  • Pond, Peter  (Designation Name)

Importance: Explorer and fur trader, one of the founders of the North West Company


Approved Inscription:  Prince Albert, Saskatchewan

Peter Pond, a shrewd independent trader, sparked a revolution in the Canadian fur trade. In 1778, he left Sturgeon Fort, near here, on an arduous journey to open direct trade with Aboriginal people in the fur-rich Athabasca country. Quickly capitalizing on his success, he and a number of Montréal merchants formed the original North West Company in 1779. Pond brilliantly expanded the Athabasca trade using detailed maps he drew from Aboriginal accounts. His initiative had a profound influence in developing the route to the Arctic and the Pacific.

Original Plaque: 4 miles west of city Shellbrook Highway, Prince Albert, Saskatchewan

Explorer and Fur Trader Built the first trading post on this site, 1776. One of the founders of the North West Company, in which he served unitil 1790. He oopened the North Saskatchewan River and Athabaskan districts, kept a journal, and made the first general map of the area. Born and died in Milford, Conn., 1740-1807

Existing plaque:  Shellbrook Highway, Prince Albert, Saskatchewan

In the spring'of 1778 a group of Canadian traders who had wintered at a post on this site pooled their remaining stock of trade goods and sent one of their number, Peter Pond, into the Athabasca country, thereby opening one of the richest fur areas on the continent. Pond was one of the original partners of the North West Company until his implication in two murders forced him to withdraw from the trade and retire to his native Connecticut in 1790. His discoveries and geographical theories had a profound influence on the explorations of Alexander Mackenzie who succeeded him in Athabasca.