Lamoureux, Catherine Beaulieu Bouvier National Historic Person

Fort Providence, Northwest Territories
Address : Fort Providence, Northwest Territories

Recognition Statute: Historic Sites and Monuments Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. H-4)
Designation Date: 2011-07-19
Life Date: 1836 to 1918

Other Name(s):
  • Catherine Beaulieu Bouvier Lamoureux  (Designation Name)
  • Ehtsu Naats’i, Kokum Baie, Grandmother of the winds, one who gives and sustains life  (Other Name)
Research Report Number: 1999-051, 2002-051, 2008-049, 2009-023

Importance: An iconic figure among the Métis of Fort Providence and the Mackenzie Basin, still revered as the "old mother of all of us"


Approved Inscription:  Fort Providence, Northwest Territories

This influential Mackenzie Basin Métis woman is remembered as Catherine, the “old mother of all of us.” She represents a generation of matriarchs who ensured the continuance of northern Métis identity and culture. While respecting her own traditions, she contributed to the development of the first permanent northern Oblate mission as well as the Grey Nuns’ school and hospital, and was instrumental in establishing the Métis community of Fort Providence. Legendary for her long-distance dogsled journeys, this enterprising and resolute woman will long be celebrated as Ehtsu Naats’i, “grandmother of the winds.”