Mackenzie, William Lyon National Historic Person

Toronto, Ontario
Mackenzie, William Lyon © Parks Canada | Parcs Canada
Plaque in place
© Parks Canada | Parcs Canada
Portrait of William Lyon Mackenzie © Bibliothèque et Archives Canada | Library and Archives Canada / C-001993Mackenzie, William Lyon © Parks Canada | Parcs Canada
Address : 82 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario

Recognition Statute: Historic Sites and Monuments Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. H-4)
Designation Date: 1949-05-30
Life Date: 1795 to 1861

Other Name(s):
  • Mackenzie, William Lyon  (Designation Name)

Importance: Leader of 1837 Rebellion in Upper Canada, legislator (1850-58)


Existing plaque:  82 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario

Born in Scotland, Mackenzie came to Upper Canada in 1820. He became a prominent radical journalist and was first elected to the assembly in 1828, building up a strong popular following. He was the first mayor of the city of Toronto in 1834. Frustrated by political setbacks, Mackenzie led an abortive rebellion in 1837, and fled to the United States. From there he watched the achievement of Canadian self-government, which he had sought ardently but without success. Returning under amnesty in 1850, he sat in Parliament again until 1858.