Franklin, Sir John National Historic Person

Beechey Island, Nunavut
Portrait of Sir John Franklin (© Library and Archives Canada | Bibilothèque et Archives Canada (R9266-3037) Peter Winkworth Collection of Canadiana | Collection de Canadiana de Peter Winkworth)
Sir John Franklin
(© Library and Archives Canada | Bibilothèque et Archives Canada (R9266-3037) Peter Winkworth Collection of Canadiana | Collection de Canadiana de Peter Winkworth)
Address : Beechey Island, Nunavut

Recognition Statute: Historic Sites and Monuments Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. H-4)
Designation Date: 1945-05-16
Life Date: 1786 to 1847

Other Name(s):
  • Franklin, Sir John  (Designation Name)
Research Report Number: 2014-CED-SDC-05

Importance: Explorer, charted Arctic coast (1819-22 and 1825-27), lost in 1845

Plaque(s)


In two overland expeditions (1819 22, 1825 27) John Franklin of the Royal Navy charted large sections of the Arctic coast and accumulated valuable scientific data. Knighted in 1829, he served as Governor of Van Diemen's Land before the ill fated journey, begun in 1845, in search of a Northwest Passage. The party wintered on Beechey Island (1845 46) but became ice¬bound off King William Land the next year; all eventually perished, leaving scanty records of the exploration. The many expeditions sent in search of Franklin were responsible for further significant discoveries.