VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station

Heritage Railway Station of Canada

Matapédia, Quebec
General view of the VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station, showing a façade, 1993. (© Cliché Ethnotech inc., 1993.)
General view
(© Cliché Ethnotech inc., 1993.)
Address : 10 Macdonell Road, Matapédia, Quebec

Recognition Statute: Heritage Railway Stations Protection Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. 52 (4th Supp.))
Designation Date: 1994-06-05
  • 1903 to 1903 (Construction)

Event, Person, Organization:
  • lntercolonial Railway  (Organization)
Other Name(s):
  • Canadian National Railway Station  (Other Name)
  • Matapédia Railway Station  (Other Name)
  • Intercolonial Railway Station  (Other Name)
Research Report Number: RS-206

Description of Historic Place

The VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station at Matapédia is a one-storey, wood railway station, built in 1903. It is centrally located at the south end of the village of Matapédia, at the confluence of the Matapédia and Restigouche rivers, in the Lower Saint Lawrence area of Québec. The formal recognition is confined to the railway station building.

Heritage Value

The VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station at Matapédia reflects a turn-of-the-century period of prosperity and expansion for the Intercolonial Railway (ICR). Situated at the heart of the interprovincial rail network and at the gateway to the Gaspé region, the station is the focal point of local development. The station is also connected with the arrival of a large number of colonists to the region and of amateur fishermen visiting the famous “Restigouche Salmon Club”.

The VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station at Matapédia is typical in design and materials of standard Intercolonial stations in the Lower St. Lawrence and Gaspé regions. A 1950 extension to its length did not compromise the station’s design.

The station retains its picturesque setting and its visual and functional relationship with the railway tracks and the adjacent Restigouche Salmon Club.

Sources: Heritage Character Statement, Gare ferroviaire du Canadien National, Matapédia, Québec, August 1994; Yves Laframboise et Louise Côté, Ethnotech inc., Railway Station Report 206, Gare du Canadien National, Matapédia, Québec.

Character-Defining Elements

Character-defining elements of the VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station at Matapédia include: its form and massing, consisting of a one-storey, elongated rectangular block with a projecting operator’s bay on the track side, and capped by a hipped roof with wide, overhanging eaves forming a platform canopy on all sides, features typical of early-20th-century railway stations, including a hipped roof; wide, overhanging eaves, wood brackets supporting the eaves and a projecting operator’s bay, the hipped dormer punctuating the roof over the projecting bay, its wood cladding, consisting of vertical, tongue-and-groove boards at the tops and bottoms of the walls, horizontal boards between the windows, plain boards as window surrounds, at corners and between the different wall treatments, the wood brackets supporting the eaves, and the projecting rafter ends, wood doors with multi-light transoms, large, wood, nine-over-nine, sash windows, surviving evidence of the original spatial plan, including the arrangement of windows and access doors, surviving original interior finishes, including tongue-and-groove panelling on the baggage room walls.