Swimming Pool RR22A

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Colwood, British Columbia
General view of the entrance to the Swimming Pool RR22A showing its stepped-back siting which integrates it into the surrounding forest, 1994. © Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, 1994
General view
© Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, 1994
General view of the entrance to the Swimming Pool RR22A showing its stepped-back siting which integrates it into the surrounding forest, 1994. © Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, 1994General view of the southern facade Swimming Pool RR22A showing the building's simple, horizontal cubic volumes emphasized by the smooth, white-concrete walls, flat roofs, and broad overhanging eaves, 2000. © Department of National Defence / Ministère de la Défense nationale, 2000.General view of the interior of the Swimming Pool RR22A showing the successful integration of traditional wood elements such as the glue laminated timbers with modern masonry elements such as the concrete surfaces and tile wainscoting, 2000. © Department of National Defence / Ministère de la Défense nationale, 2000.
Address : Hatley Park / former Royal Roads Military College National Historic Site, Colwood, British Columbia

Recognition Statute: Treasury Board Policy on Management of Real Property
Designation Date: 2000-12-15
Dates:
  • 1959 to 1959 (Construction)

Custodian: National Defence
FHBRO Report Reference: 99-137
DFRP Number: 17452 00

Description of Historic Place

The Swimming Pool is a modern two-storey, white concrete structure that is composed of horizontal cubic volumes and features a flat roof, ribbon windows, cantilevered stairs and broad overhanging eaves. The Swimming Pool is built into a hillside and is located on a service road, in a forested zone of the Royal Roads University. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Swimming Pool is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical value:
The Swimming Pool is associated with the post-WWII expansion of the Canadian Armed Forces. The Swimming Pool was built during the site's second phase of development of the Royal Roads University campus in order to fulfill the training requirements of the cadets and to foster physical fitness in the forces. The Swimming Pool also represents the establishment of more on-site training facilities independent of the community of Colwood and CFB Esquimalt.

Architectural value:
Modern in appearance, the Swimming Pool is a good example of the International Style in Canada, and features simple, horizontal cubic volumes, and horizontal elements such as bands of ribbon windows running across the exterior elevations, flat roofs, and broad overhanging eaves. Constructed of good quality materials and craftsmanship that successfully integrate traditional wood elements and modern masonry elements, the building's interior layout is simple and functional.

Environmental value:
The Swimming Pool is well integrated into its hillside site and is compatible with the surrounding forested area in a manner reminiscent of Alvar Alto's architecture in Finland. The YMCA manages the Swimming Pool for use by the university and the local community, and as such, it is familiar to residents in the region.

Sources:
Andrew Waldron, Swimming Pool (RR22A), Royal Roads University, Colwood, British Columbia. Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Building Report 99-137.

Swimming Pool (RR22A), Royal Roads University, Colwood, British Columbia. Heritage Character Statement 99-137.

Character-Defining Elements

The following character-defining elements of the Swimming Pool should be respected, for example:

Its International Style and good quality materials and craftsmanship as manifested in:
the building's simple, horizontal cubic volumes emphasized by the smooth, white-concrete walls, the bands of
ribbon windows, flat roofs, cantilevered stairs, and broad overhanging eaves; the simple and functional layout of the interior spaces; the successful integration of traditional wood elements such as the glue laminated timbers in the pool area
with modern masonry elements such as the concrete surfaces and tile wainscoting; and, modern features such as the painted pipe handrails and modern light fixtures.

The building's compatibility with the rustic character of this area of the campus as evidenced in:
its stepped-back siting which integrates it into the surrounding forest; and, its community function which makes it well known in the region.

Heritage Character Statement

Disclaimer - The heritage character statement was developed by FHBRO to explain the reasons for the designation of a federal heritage building and what it is about the building that makes it significant (the heritage character). It is a key reference document for anyone involved in planning interventions to federal heritage buildings and is used by FHBRO in their review of interventions.

The Swimming Pool is a “Recognized” Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical value
The Swimming Pool is associated with the post-WWII expansion of the Canadian Armed Forces. The Swimming Pool was built during the site’s second phase of development of the Royal Roads University campus in order to fulfill the training requirements of the cadets and to foster physical fitness in the forces. The Swimming Pool also represents the establishment of more on-site training facilities independent of the community of Colwood and CFB Esquimalt.

Architectural value
Modern in appearance, the Swimming Pool is an early example of the International Style in Canada. The two-storey, white concrete structure is composed of simple, horizontal cubic volumes, and features horizontal elements such as bands of ribbon windows running across the exterior elevations, flat roofs, and broad overhanging eaves. Constructed of good quality materials and craftsmanship that successfully integrate traditional wood elements and modern masonry elements, the building’s interior layout is simple and functional.

Environmental value
The Swimming Pool is well integrated into its hillside site and is compatible with the surrounding forested area in a manner reminiscent of Alvar Alto’s architecture in Finland. The YMCA manages the Swimming Pool for use by the university and the local community, and as such, it is familiar to residents in the region.

Character-Defining Elements
The following character-defining elements of the Swimming Pool should be respected:

Its role as an illustration of the expansion of the Canadian Armed Forces during the Second World War, is reflected in:
- the building’s construction as part of the establishment of officer training facilities.

Its International Style and good quality materials and craftsmanship as manifested in:
- the building’s simple, horizontal cubic volumes emphasized by the smooth, white-concrete walls, the bands of ribbon windows, flat roofs, cantilevered stairs, and broad overhanging eaves;
- the simple and functional layout of the interior spaces;
- the successful integration of traditional wood elements such as the glue laminated timbers in the pool area with modern masonry elements such as the concrete surfaces and tile wainscoting; and,
- modern features such as the painted pipe handrails and modern light fixtures.

The building’s compatibility with the rustic character of this area of the campus as evidenced in:
- its stepped-back siting which integrates it into the surrounding forest; and,
- its community function which makes it well known in the region.