|Franšais||Contact Us||Help||Search||Canada Site|
|About the Parks Canada Agency||National Parks of Canada||National Historic Sites of Canada||National Marine Conservation Areas of Canada||Cultural Heritage|
National Marine Conservation Areas of Canada
This page has been archived.
Information identified as archived on the Web is for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It has not been altered or updated after the date of archiving. Web pages that are archived on the Web are not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards. As per the Communications Policy of the Government of Canada, you can request alternate formats on the "Contact Us" page.
Canada’s National Marine Conservation Areas System Plan
Canada’s Pacific Marine Environment
Including islands, our Pacific coastline stretches 29,489 km - 11% of Canada's ocean shoreline.
It overlaps four distinct continental plates with several related fault zones, making this the most earthquake prone area in Canada.
Affected by extensive glaciation, the coastal areas "drowned" as the glaciers melted at the end of the last ice age. The outer coast of resistant volcanic rocks resurfaced as an extremely rugged and complex shoreline, characterized by deep fjords and inlets extending up to 110 km inland. The east facing coastlines are generally less rugged.
The continental shelf is very narrow, rarely reaching 95 km and generally less than 45 km wide.
Water temperatures are fairly constant throughout the year, ranging from 6°-14°C overall and reaching 18°-20°C in sheltered areas during the warmest months.