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Pukaskwa National Park of Canada

History

On Pukaskwa's boulder beaches are mysterious shallow rock structures fashioned by humans. We can only speculate about the purpose of these "pits", who arranged them, when and why. Aboriginal people have lived in this area for thousands of years.

Local anishinabe people have many stories which cover the history of the Pukaskwa area.

In 1618 Étienne Brûlé explored Lake Superior — "this body of water so large that one saw no land on either side." Brûlé was soon followed by the voyageurs. Next came missionaries, then the traders, miners, and adventurers of varied sorts.

Cookery and Bunkhouse at Pukaskwa Depot, 1929
Cookery and Bunkhouse at Pukaskwa Depot, 1929
© Parks Canada

In the 1880s the new nation's railway was laid north of Superior, and with the turn of the century, commercial logging began in the Pukaskwa River area. Today only memories and vintage cabins recall this once-thriving industry.