Point Pelee National Park of Canada
Birds of Point Pelee National Park
© Parks Canada
-Colaptes auratus (Linnaeus)
Adult male: crown and back of neck grey, scarlet crescent across nape; back, wing coverts and most of secondaries olive brown barred with black; rump white; sides of head, throat, and upper breast vinaceous brown; "moustache" patches and large crescent across breast black; rest of under body brownish white to yellowish white, heavily spotted with black; shafts of flight feathers, underside of wing, and much of the underside of tail yellow.
Adult female: similar to adult male but lacks black "moustache" patches.
Southwestern races, Colaptes auratus cafer (Gmelin) and C.a. colaris Vigors (formerly collectively called Red-shafted flicker): Similar feathers, underside of wings, and underside of tail. Top of head is brown, throat grey and the male has red (not black) "moustache" patches (lacking in female or only faintly indicated by brown.)