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Point Pelee National Park of Canada

Birds of Point Pelee National Park

Image of: Eider, Common
  © Parks Canada
Eider, Common (Provincial Rarety)
-Somateria mollissima (Linnaeus)

Adult male: Two bare frontal processes with rounded ends extend backward on either side of forehead. Plumage mostly black and white. Top of head black, this cap divided almost in two by a median white streak; rest of head white with green wash on back of head, nape, and below border of cap. Neck, breast, back, forewing, scapulars, spot on either side of rump, white. Tertials curved outward. Middle of rump, tail coverts, greater wing coverts, belly, and sides, black. Eye brown. Bill in spring, orange-yellow, otherwise varying from grey to green. Legs and feet yellowish or greenish.

Adult female: Brownish duck. Bill processes narrower than male. Head and neck browned streaked with black, darkest on crown. Upper parts dark brown to blackish brown, feathers barred or edged

with buff. Breast and sides buffy, the feathers bared with blackish and tipped with greyish buff. Belly sooty-brown with vague dark bars. Greater wing coverts greyish brown lightly tipped with white forming two narrow wing bars. Secondaries and tertials brown with buffy outer edges. Tertials curved outward. Eye brown. Bill duller and greener than in winter male, sometimes yellowish.