Quttinirpaaq National Park of Canada
© Alex Stubbing / Parks Canada
Resident wildlife species are wonderfully adapted to the dominant environmental conditions in the arctic: cold, wind, snow, and ice. There are fewer numbers of wildlife species in arctic ecosystems as compared to southern ecosystems, but there are often large numbers of individuals within a species. Good examples are colonies of seabirds, and herds of arctic hares. Many of the arctic wildlife species are also migratory, a trait which enables them to take advantage of good feeding grounds, as well as good calving or nesting areas.