Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site of Canada

Visitor Safety

Coyotes and Hiking Safety

Hiking Safety
© Parks Canada

Parks Canada is working with experts in coyote behaviour, wildlife management, and human behaviour and education to develop and implement best practices for public safety. Visitors to any park or natural area should be aware of the risk of wildlife encounters.

Here's what you can do to improve your personal safety:

  • Do not feed coyotes and be sure to properly dispose of garbage and other food sources. Coyotes that have access to our food lose their fear of people.
  • Hike with friends or carry a solid walking stick.

If you see a coyote at a distance

  • Stay back. Do not approach the animal.
  • Watch it carefully to assess its behaviour (e.g. Is the animal following you, acting without fear, openly aggressive, fearful, wary, etc.?)

If the coyote approaches or is close by

  • NEVER run away. (Coyotes are capable of running much faster than humans.)
  • Maintain your distance by walking away slowly. Do not turn your back.
  • Stay together and try to scare the animal away.
  • Make noise, swing sticks, and generally act big and aggressive.

If a coyote attacks

  • Fight back. Shout, swing a stick, throw stones, use whatever is available to defend yourself.

Report all coyote sightings to Parks Canada staff. If approached by a coyote, report the incident immediately.

To learn more:

Hinterland Who’s Who
Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources