Kouchibouguac National Park of Canada

Introduction and Background

The marram grass dominates the vegetation on the fragile sand dunes.
The marram grass dominates the vegetation on the fragile sand dunes.
© Parks Canada / James Steeves

Kouchibouguac National Park is representative of the Maritime Plain Natural Region and the Atlantic-Gulf of St. Lawrence Marine Region. Many forces have created and re-worked the surface deposits of the Park. The submergence, emergence and resubmergence of the coastal area have resulted in indistinct shoreline features, some occurring well above present sea level.


Small pond in Kellys Bog
Small pond in Kellys Bog
© Parks Canada / James Steeves

Kouchibouguac National Park lies in the New Brunswick lowlands, part of the physiographic region classified as the Maritime Plain. Sloping gently to the coast, the land is generally flat, relieved by some small knolls separating river basins and short, steep river banks in spots. Maximum elevation: 30 m above sea level near SW boundary. Minimum elevation: minus 6 metres in the estuary channels.