Canoeing the Bow River
The Bow River in Banff National Park provides some excellent canoeing opportunities for experienced canoeists. The three most popular sections for canoeing are described here. Please read the information provided below, before you head out on the river.
Canoeing© Parks Canada / Heather Dempsey
The Bow River is a dynamic watercourse, continuously undergoing change. Erosion by swiftly flowing water can result in new channels, sweepers, and logjams developing overnight, creating deadly hazards in previously harmless locations.
Hazards tend to develop at tight bends in the river, where flow is constricted and the current is strongest. On the outside of the curves, trees become undercut and fall into the river forming sweepers and strainers. Every curve in this section of river has the potential to develop these dangerous sweepers and strainers. Approach each bend in the river with caution, and stay to the inside of the curve where the current is slowest.
Logjams are a very dangerous form of strainer. These develop when sweepers wash into the river, float downstream, and become caught on the upstream points of islands and gravel bars, and at the entrances to small channels. Logjams can become very large, creating long term river hazards. Canoes coming onto sweepers or logjams can quickly capsize. The force of the current then pushes the canoe and the paddlers into, and often under, the strainer. If you hit a strainer, make all effort to come out on top of the snags. If you capsize, be prepared to abandon your canoe and gear until you are safely out of the water.
The danger of all the river hazards is magnified as the volume of the water increases. The higher the water level, the more powerful the flow, and the more dangerous is every sweeper and strainer on the river. All hazards are most deadly during spring run-off.
For Your Safety
- Plan appropriately - choose a trip suitable for your level of experience and current conditions such as weather and water levels. Go in groups of two or more canoes.
- Leave word of your plans and when you expect to return.
- There is cell phone coverage for most of the Bow Valley. Call 911 and ask for national park warden assistance.
Cold Water Can Kill
Like many of Banff's lakes and rivers, the Bow is glacier-fed. In summer, the water temperature seldom rises above 10° C (50° F). A capsize in these chilly waters can result in hypothermia. Read up on hypothermia and how to treat it, before you set out.
The Canadian Small Vessel Regulations require that you have:
- Life jacket (PFD) for every person
- Whistle for each canoe
- One buoyant line of rope, at least 15m long
- (At least) one paddle
Clothing: It may be a warm day when you start out, but mountain weather can change quickly. Take along wet weather gear to keep you dry, warm and to protect you from the wind. Carry a complete change of clothing, just in case you fall in. For whitewater trips, wear a wetsuit or drysuit and wetsuit boots or neoprene socks with runners to keep your feet warm.
Stay Dry: Use a waterproof bag or double bag your gear in two heavy-duty plastic garbage bags (sealed individually), to keep spare clothing and gear dry.
In Case of Emergency: Carry waterproof matches in a waterproof case, as well as rescue gear such as a throw bag, a saw and a first aid kit.
The Bow River carries glacial silt, and possibly fecal streptococci and the bacteria Giardia. Water should be filtered and then treated or boiled before drinking. To be safe, bring drinking water.
Health Canada - Drinking Water in the Great Outdoors
It is possible to fish in the park provided you have a valid National Park Fishing Permit and follow the regulations . A fishing permit for Banff National Park can be purchased at Parks Canada Information Centres and local retail outlets in Banff, Canmore and Lake Louise.
Paddlers must camp at designated roadside or backcountry campgrounds. The only camping along the Bow River is at the backcountry campground Bo1C (river access-only), at Johnston Creek. Fires are allowed in the designated fire pits only. A Backcountry Use and Camping Pass is required for any overnight stays in the backcountry.
Male Harlequin Duck © Parks Canada / Cyndi Smith
From May to October the upper Bow River has the highest number of breeding harlequin ducks in North America. These colourful sea ducks breed in the mountains, and spend their winters on the Pacific coast. Learn to recognize harlequins. You may see them feeding below riffles or rapids, or floating along the river. After feeding they often "haul out" to rest on mid stream rocks or logs, or along the shore. If you encounter any, you can minimize your disturbance by slowing your boat down, moving away, and floating quietly by.
Lake Louise to Castle Junction Distance/ Duration: 22 km/ 3 - 4 hours Difficulty: intermediate
This section of the Bow River begins downstream of the hamlet of Lake Louise. It is sandwiched between the Trans-Canada Highway on the west side, and the Canadian Pacific Railway line and Highway 1A (Bow Valley Parkway) on the east side. The Bow River flows with a steady current as it winds its way down the valley. There are numerous riffles and Class 1 rapids. You may encounter sweepers and logjams. Although this section contains many islands and side channels, route finding is straightforward.
Map of Section #1, Lake Louise to Castle Junction © Parks Canada
STARTING AT LAKE LOUISE
The put-in (n.b. put-ins and take-outs are marked with a P on maps) is at a small side channel approximately 750 metres east of the Trans-Canada Highway bridge over the Bow River, east of the hamlet of Lake Louise. There is a service road turnoff into a meadow with ample parking. Do not block the road when you park your car. This small channel flows back into the main river in about 100 metres. The first 3 kilometres of river to the Moraine Creek viewpoint provides some fast water and tight corners which may require precise maneuvering. At the viewpoint, another continuous section of swift water, waves, and tight bend begins. These are high-risk areas and should be approached with caution and scouted for hazards.
The next landmark is the confluence with Baker Creek on river left, approximately 5 km downstream from Moraine Creek. From this point, the river slows somewhat and the current is more consistent. For the next 14.5 km, the river winds its way down the valley below the cliffs of Castle Mountain. This brings you to the end of this section at the bridge at Castle Junction. Take out on river left at the parking lot just downstream of the bridge.
IN CASE OF EMERGENCY: There is no direct access to the river from the east side, although you can easily hike out to Highway 1 or 1A just about anywhere if necessary. There are telephones on the east side of the river at Baker Creek Bungalows, Protection Mountain Campground and Castle Mountain Village at Castle Junction.
Map of Section #2
Castle Junction to Banff © Parks Canada
Castle Junction to Banff Distance/ Duration:32 km/ 5 - 6 hours Difficulty: intermediate
This section of the Bow River is bounded on the west side by the Trans-Canada Highway. On the east side is the Canadian Pacific Railway line and Highway 1A (Bow Valley Parkway). The Bow River flows with a steady current as it winds its way down the valley, with many islands and interesting side channels to explore. There are numerous riffles, and Class 1 rapids, with one Class 3 rapid at Redearth Creek. Tight corners, sweepers and logjams are common, especially for a section downstream of Redearth Creek. You need to take extra care in maneuvering your canoe here.
STARTING AT CASTLE JUNCTION
The put-in is at the parking lot on the downstream side of the bridge over the Bow River at Castle Junction. Six km of winding river brings you to the confluence with Johnston Creek, flowing in from river left. Just on the downstream side of Johnston Creek there is a sign for the backcountry campsite. 3 km past Johnston Creek, a right bend in the river leads you towards the Trans-Canada Highway and the Castle Mountain Viewpoint.
This is an important landmark as it indicates that you are approaching Redearth Creek Rapids. As you paddle below the viewpoint, the river makes a left bend away from the highway. In just a couple of hundred metres, the river makes a sharp right turn into the area of Redearth Creek Rapids. Red Earth Creek Rapid, rated Class 3, is a long section of fast water and rocks. The waves are continuous, getting bigger and bigger as you approach the end. Many canoes have capsized or swamped here. With proper scouting and safety procedures, this rapid can be run by experienced canoeists.
Map of Redearth Creek Rapids © Parks Canada
If you want to portage the rapid you will have to find your own route as there is no specific portage route. From the top of the rapid on river right, make your way along the shore to where Redearth Creek enters the Bow River. Wade across the creek and carry your canoe along the riverside trail to the end of the rapids.
A couple of kilometres below Redearth Creek, the river becomes very convoluted. It may not be readily apparent, but the river actually branches into two or three channels. This is an exceptionally risky section, with very tight corners, dangerous logjams, and endless sweepers. Vigilance is imperative here.
The large gravel fan at the entrance of Wolverine Creek on river right, marks the end of the major hazards along this section. Another 5.5 km brings you back to the Trans-Canada Highway. This is a good place to take out as there is a gate through the fence to access a roadside parking area off the westbound lane of the highway.
Another 0.5 km brings you to the Trans-Canada Highway bridge over the Bow River. Take care passing under the bridge as there are many sweepers along the left side of the river. From here to Banff is a pleasant, 1.5 - 2 hour paddle. The river is broad and calm, allowing beautiful views of the lower Bow Valley. Take out at the canoe docks, at the junction of the Bow River and Echo Creek. Do not paddle past the canoe docks as Bow Falls is just around the corner.
IN CASE OF EMERGENCY : Although you can hike out to Highway 1 or 1A in many places if you have an emergency, there are numerous side channels and swampy areas in this section that can make walking difficult. There is a telephone on the east side of the river on Hwy 1A at Johnston Creek.
Canoes © Parks Canada / Heather Dempsey
Section # 3:
Bow Falls to Canmore Distance/ Duration: 23 km/ 4 hours Difficulty: intermediate
Map of Section # 3
Bow Falls to Canmore © Parks Canada
This scenic section starts downstream of Bow Falls and winds beneath the shadow of Mount Rundle to Canmore. You can start at either the Bow Falls parking lot, or from the east end of the Golf Course Road. Do not block any roads when parking.
1. STARTING AT BOW FALLS
Paddling this section, the main channel is generally to the right. Smaller channels on river left can be run by canoes at higher water levels. But, all side channels are smaller, with difficult tight turns and are more likely to be blocked by dangerous sweepers and logjams. As you approach the end of the golf course and can see the glacial till pinnacles of the Hoodoos just ahead, the river makes several tight bends and corners. All channels here have sweepers and strainers in them and canoeists should exercise extreme caution.
2. STARTING AT THE END OF GOLF COURSE
Within minutes of launching or passing this site, the river forks. The channel on river right is the safest route. The channel on river left leads to a dangerous strainer logjam that completely blocks the entrance to a small channel. From this point on, the river is generally wide, as it flows along the base of incredible Mount Rundle. As you approach the confluence of Cascade River, the river widens and braided channels and gravel bars appear. Care must be taken, as numerous channels are available, with the possibility of sweepers and logjams in all of them.
Always be on the look out for sweepers, especially near "Hoodoo Corner". © Parks Canada / Heather Dempsey
After the park boundary (a small sign is found on the river right bank) the river becomes narrower again, with tight corners and numerous sweepers and strainers. This area demands precise control and maneuvering and canoeists are advised to proceed with extra caution.
GETTING OFF THE RIVER:
On river left at the park boundary, a trail leads for 200 metres to the highway at the park gates. In Canmore, take out on river right, just downstream of the first pedestrian bridge.
IN CASE OF EMERGENCY: There is a trail near the river on the right that connects the Banff Springs Golf Course to the Canmore Nordic Centre. Subchannels or swampy valley bottom may block access to the Trans-Canada Highway on the left. The shortest way out for help may be to follow the railway tracks towards Canmore, or to flag a passing canoe or raft.