Condition of landscapes and level-1 cultural resources
- Cultural landscapes
- Built heritage
- Archaeological resources
- Movable resources
Although the main components of the historical landscape on Grosse Île and its exceptional potential for evoking the past have been preserved, the gradual disappearance of several significant features in the inhabited landscape has resulted in a simplified layout and architecture. 12
A number of more recent facilities, such as the animal quarantine station buildings and the virology laboratory, are more reminiscent of the final years of occupation on Grosse Île, making it more difficult for visitors to accurately perceive the cultural landscapes associated with the commemorative intent of the site.
Although the boundaries of the three former sectors of occupation remain visible, they have nevertheless become blurred, as have many of the features that once gave each sector its specific character. The original divisions have become overlaid with five separate landscape units: 1) the western peninsula, containing the processing facilities, hotels, the Celtic cross, the Memorial and the Irish cemetery; 2) a transitional zone containing the upper block and the Anglican chapel; 3) the remaining buildings in the village and the modern animal quarantine facilities; 4) the employees’ residences, the power station and the former Agriculture Canada laboratory; 5) the lazaretto and the eastern cemetery.
Finally, the creeping advance and overgrowth of vegetation have considerably reduced the dimensions of what were formerly “open” spaces, and have concealed the visual relationship between significant zones. Plant growth has also hidden certain buildings from view and made it harder for visitors to comprehend spaces and the way they were interrelated over the years.
For the purpose of identifying the measures designed to protect the significant cultural landscapes of the island and enhance understanding and appreciation of the location, a landscape protection and presentation plan was completed during 1998-1999.13 This plan was based on the principles and directions proposed in the Grosse Île landscape survey titled Étude du paysage de Grosse-Île [Grosse Île landscape survey].14 The main directions contained in the presentation plan are outlined in the next chapter dealing with protection and presentation of the site.
12. For example, the treatment of access to buildings has become less refined, following the disuse or transformation of fences and gates, approach paths, stairways and handrails, galleries and porches; this observation applies to most buildings.
Analysis of the current situation
Ownership and legal context
Commemorative integrity of the site
Condition of landscapes and level-1 resources
Communication of site messages of national historic significance
Impacts of activities past and present
Public visitation and use
Facilities and services
Regional tourism context