Chambly Canal National Historic Site of Canada
Witnesses of History
Despite the passage of time and certain modifications made since
the canal was opened in 1843, most of the structures have retained the authentic
feeling that gives the whole canal site its distinctive character.
As part of Quebec's historic canals network, the Chambly Canal is
the only working component that still retains its original route, buildings
and operating mechanisms dating from the beginning of the 20th century.
Barge entering the Chambly Canal by locks number 1,2 and 3.
© National Archives of Canada / PA-085627
The Chambly Canal has nine fairly small locks. They were rebuilt
towards the end of the 19th century, but their dimensions remained
unchanged. Because most of them have retained the main architectural features
of the era and are still operated by hand, they are fine examples of 19th -century
maritime technology. Today, the nine locks feature old structures that are
virtually unchanged, although restoration work has been carried out recently.
Some ten retractable bridges straddle the Chambly Canal. Except for
bridge No. 1, which was rebuilt in the 1970s, and the new bridge No. 10,
built in 1986, the canal bridges retain their original turn-of-the-century
structures. Bridge No. 9, built on the Lachine Canal at the end of the 19th
century, was installed on the Chambly Canal in 1923 after being made 16 feet
shorter. Bridges No. 4 and No. 5 are still operated manually.
at lock number 8, 1934.
© National Archives of Canada / C-060765
The logettes are distinctive architectural features of the canal.
The Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada recommended to preserve
the two former lockmasters' houses for combined locks Nos. 1, 2 and 3, those
for locks No. 7 and 8 and the houses for bridges Nos. 2 and 5. They have
retained their typical turn-of-the-century style. They were built in the
Neo-Queen Anne style (locks Nos. 7 and 8 and near locks Nos. 1, 2 and 3).
The houses at bridges Nos. 2, 4, 5 and 7 date from the beginning of this
century but are in a starker, unadorned style.
Canal's workshop in 1904.
© National Archives of Canada / PA-085606
The old shop is a group of six buildings built between 1883 and 1960.
Its distinctive feature is a mansard roof and revival windows. Since 1843,
it has been used for the building of lock gates and the maintenance of Chambly
Canal, as well as other canals and other Parks Canada properties. This building
is recognized by the Federal Heritage Building Evaluation Bureau. The " Au berges du canal " croissant
bakery does not belong to Parks Canada but dates from the 19th century and
contributes to the canal's heritage atmosphere.
Superintendant's House in 1914.
© Parks Canada / B.2.4
Located close to the combined locks, the director's house was built
around 1867. It was used as an office by the toll-collector and the canal
superintendent. In 1914, it was extended and converted into a residence for
the director. This building has also been recognized as a heritage building
by the Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, because of its links with
the growth and development of the Chambly basin, its emphasis of the canal
setting, and because it is one of the canal infrastructure's surviving buildings
and the only one associated with lock No. 2. Among its distinctive features
are its mansard roof, veranda, balcony, windows and dormers.