Chambly Canal National Historic Site of Canada
Many animals can be observed in various milieus and habitats along
the Chambly Canal. In some sectors, you can spot species that tolerate man
relatively well, such as skunks, raccoons, squirrels or marmots. In the
more natural areas, different fauna can be seen, including American minks,
turtles, amphibians and white-tailed deer. Some animals only stay here for
part of the year, while others are more permanent residents. Wild land,
parkland, wetlands, marshes, areas of cultivated lawn and riverside areas
are all habitats found here.
However, the animals most often seen near the Chambly Canal are still
avifauna and ichthyological fauna. The Richelieu River forms a corridor,
making it an ideal migration route for many bird and fish species.
The Richelieu River serves as a migration route for many species
because it runs north to south. Because the Chambly Canal runs alongside
the river, this area offers many opportunities for birdwatching. Aquatic,
land and arboreal birds can be spotted, depending on the time of year. An
important migratory stop is located on the Richelieu River just near Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu.
Some years, in the fall, thousands of ducks and geese gather here.
The fish species found in the waters of the Chambly Canal are also
found in the Richelieu River. However, not all the species found in the river are found in the canal because the waters are cloudy, with a weak current
and a fair amount of aquatic plants. The fish species found in the canal
are only those that thrive in this type of habitat.
The most frequently observed species are the yellow perch, pumpkinseed,
carp, sucker, different types of redhorse, bass and many minnows.
The presence of many aquatic plants helps to attract certain species
and encourage them to breed. Carps have often been seen spawning in the canal.