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Halifax Citadel National Historic Site of Canada

Commemorating the World Wars

World War I

Canada's participation in the First World War shaped the country and Canadian identity. More than 600,000 Canadians served in the First World War, while more than 60,000 Canadians lost their lives. This is an opportunity to honour those who served. Halifax was the main shipping point from Canada to Europe—troops, convoys of supplies, munitions; the major base for escort ships, anti-submarine patrols. During the First World War, Halifax was where troops last stepped on Canadian soil when going overseas and the first part of Canada on which they stepped on their return.

World War II

More than one million Canadian men and women enlisted, while more than 44,000 gave their lives in the fight for peace and freedom in the Second World War. While Canadian troops headed to Europe to assist Allied forces, Canada also mobilized its coastal defences against a possible German attack. The Halifax Citadel National Historic Site served as the Halifax headquarters for anti-aircraft defences during the Second World War, and the collective Halifax Defence Complex protected the entrance to the harbour.

Commemorative Events

Canada and the Great War – June 13-14 
Poppies in July – July 18-19
Remembering the World Wars – October 17-18

image: WWI-era car, soldier and officer image: WWI-era trench

Commemorative Exhibits

The Road to Vimy and Beyond
This Army Museum exhibit commemorates the service and sacrifice of the soldiers in the First World War, particularly the soldiers from Nova Scotia.

WWI Trench Experience
Discover aspects of life on the Western Front. Tour a full-size simulated trench, explore dugouts where men took their orders, and take a chilling glimpse at no man’s land through the eyes of a soldier. Step into the nurses’ tent and find out how front-line medicine worked against all odds to save lives.

Hometown Heros

Canada’s participation in the First World War (1914-1918) and the Second World War (1939-1945) touched every community in this country. » Discover the compelling stories of several Nova Scotian Hometown Heros

Learn More

Halifax Defence Complex 
Internment Operation at the Halifax Citadel during the First World War 
Halifax Citadel Army Museum