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Cape Spear Lighthouse National Historic Site of Canada

Natural Heritage

Cape Spear National Historic Site of Canada is the most easterly point of land in North America. This location coupled with a microenvironment produces unique vegetation. Cape Spear's diverse plant community makes each visit to Cape Spear a different experience. For example, if you visit in the middle of July, you will see different plants blooming than if you visited just two weeks before.

Cape Spear's location also makes it a great place to watch for birds and whales. Many bird species that can be seen at Cape Spear, such as shearwaters, are usually only seen far out to sea. During the summer, Manx shearwater, Sooty shearwater, and Greater shearwater are apparent, as well as Murres, Razorbills, and if you are lucky, Skuas, and Jaegers.

The majestic and graceful Humpback is the most commonly sighted whale at Cape Spear. Their acrobatic displays always captivate and excite those privileged to catch a view of them. Visitors are also likely to see Minke and Fin whales. During the summer of 2002, Orcas were spotted at least four times with one pod having a minimum of 15 individuals! White-sided dolphins, Beaked dolphins, Porpoises, Harbour seals and Otters have all been seen from the most easterly point as well.