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Ellard Block

601 Columbia Street, New Westminster, British Columbia, V3M, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2004/04/05

Ellard Block, exterior view, 2004; City of New Westminster, 2004
oblique view
Ellard Block, exterior view, ND; New Westmnister Public Library, NWPL 1225
oblique view
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Other Name(s)

Ellard Block
Reid Block

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/08/30

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Ellard Block is a two-storey asymmetrical masonry commercial building, located on the north side of Columbia Street, the main commercial street in New Westminster's historic downtown core.

Heritage Value

The Ellard Block is significant for its contribution to the consistent and distinctive built form of Columbia Street, which dates from 1898 to 1913, when New Westminster was the major centre of commerce and industry for the booming Fraser Valley area.

The Ellard Block is valued for its association with its architects, Clow and Welsh. Charles H. Clow (1860-1929) was a charter member of the Odd Fellows Lodge, which provided him with many important commissions. In response to the redevelopment boom after the Great Fire of 1898, he partnered with Daniel Welsh from 1899-1904, and together they contributed greatly to the rebuilding of New Westminster.

The Ellard Block is also valued for its association with English-born James Ellard, a Royal Engineer who stayed in New Westminster after the detachment's disbanding in 1863 to become a merchant, and operated a dry goods store at this site until his death at the age of forty-two in 1878. The construction of this building was financed by his estate.

Source: Heritage Planning Files, City of New Westminster

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that define the heritage character of the Ellard Block include its:
- location on Columbia Street, part of a grouping of late Victorian and Edwardian era commercial buildings in historic downtown New Westminster
- siting on the property lines, with no setbacks
- form, scale and massing as expressed by its boxy two-storey height plus lower level, flat roof and regular, rectangular plan
- original exterior elements such as its asymmetrical facade; corbelled dentil course; plain brick pilasters; and original side facade, revealing parts of the original detail with its ornamental cornice and arched windows
- irregular fenestration, including 1-over-1 double-hung wooden-sash windows on second floor; open ground floor glazing



British Columbia

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (BC)

Recognition Statute

Local Government Act, s.954

Recognition Type

Community Heritage Register

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce

Function - Category and Type



Commerce / Commercial Services
Office or Office Building
Commerce / Commercial Services
Shop or Wholesale Establishment

Architect / Designer

Daniel Welsh


Robert Buckland

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Heritage Planning Files, City of New Westminster

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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