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338 Westmorland Street

338 Westmorland Street, Fredericton, New Brunswick, E3B, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2010/04/26

Scarr Cottage, front facing view; City of Fredericton
338 Westmorland Street
Image of a Scarr Cottage, showing variety of roof lines.; City of Fredericton
338 Westmorland Street
No Image

Other Name(s)

n/a

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1897/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2011/06/16

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

William J. Scarr built this one-and-a-half storey, wood-framed dwelling in 1897. This dwelling, which contains elements of Queen Anne Revival and Classical Revival architecture, stands on the east side of Westmorland Street between Aberdeen and Saunders streets in Fredericton.

Heritage Value

The heritage value of this dwelling resides in its designation as a Scarr cottage. William J. Scarr, local builder with entrepreneurial sensibilities, seized the opportunity to provide affordable, modern housing at a time when Fredericton was experiencing tremendous growth. Housing development and settlement began to expand beyond the traditional city limits during the late 1880s and into the 1890s. At that time, the local housing stock could not accommodate an expanding population. There had long been a need to provide housing for the working-class, and Scarr satisfied that demand with the erection of a series of dwellings on Westmorland Street between 1895 and 1901.

These houses appealed to a wide audience, but they were purchased primarily by the working-class. Blacksmiths and store clerks represented the general occupational profile of Scarr cottage owners. Charles D. Young, who worked as a clerk in James S. Neill’s Hardware Store, purchased this house in 1901. The gap between construction and purchase posed the greatest problem for Scarr. His speculative approach to real estate was fraught with financial difficulties, as it was uncertain when these houses would sell after being put on the market.

Scarr, who had been experiencing financial troubles for years, was heavily in debt to his creditors by 1901. James S. Neill, prominent hardware merchant, was Scarr’s primary creditor. No longer able to manage his debts, William J. Scarr absconded with his oldest son in 1901. He left behind unpaid debts, unfinished building contracts and the remainder of his family. Scarr resettled first in British Columbia and then in Alberta, at which point he sent for his family to join him.

Source: City of Fredericton, Local Historic Places file, “338 Westmorland Street”

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements related to the Scarr cottage at 338 Westmorland Street include:
- one-and-a-half storey, “L” plan, wood-framed dwelling;
- Queen Anne Revival and Classical Revival style elements;
- medium-pitched gable roof with returned eaves;
- clapboard siding with corner boards;
- roof line of north side of dwelling broken by a gable-roofed dormer;
- large rectangular single, double and triple windows with simple surrounds and entablatures;
- open, pillared entry porch with low-sloped shed roof.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Heritage Conservation Act

Recognition Type

Local Historic Place (municipal)

Recognition Date

2010/04/26

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Residence
Single Dwelling

Historic

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

William J. Scarr

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

City of Fredericton, Local Historic Places file, "338 Westmorland Street"

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

2126

Status

Published

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