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St. Laurent Shrine

Duck Lake RM 463, Saskatchewan, S0K, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 1982/12/13

The St. Laurent Shrine (rectory), 2008; Robertson, 2008
Rectory, view from the south, 2008
The St. Laurent Shrine (church), 2008; Robertson, 2008
Church, view from the south-west, 2008
The St. Laurent Shrine (cemetery), 2008; Robertson, 2008
Cemetery, view from the south-east, 2008

Autre nom(s)

St. Laurent Shrine
Our Lady of Lourdes - St. Laurent Shrine
Our Lady of Lourdes Shrine Inc.
St. Laurent de Grandin

Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction

1883/01/01 à 1883/12/31

Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2009/03/05

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

The St. Laurent Shrine is a Municipal Heritage Property located 11 kilometres northeast of Town of Duck Lake at the former settlement of St. Laurent de Grandin in the Rural Municipality of Duck Lake No. 463. The historic resources of the 32.4-hectare property adjacent to the South Saskatchewan River includes a wood-frame rectory, log church, landscaped grounds, a grotto and a cemetery.

Valeur patrimoniale

The St. Laurent Shrine, known also as the Our Lady of Lourdes – St. Laurent Shrine, is of heritage value for the many religious miracles which are reported to have occurred here. Since 1884, many people have believed that they were cured of ailments and illnesses by the spring water which flows from the hillside. Additionally, in 1890, a projection of light on a former convent wall in the form of a crucified Christ is said to have lasted several days. The first formal pilgrimage to the site occurred in 1905, and it has since been the destination for annual pilgrimages. The site was first associated with Our Lady of Lourdes in 1879 when a priest stationed here identified many similarities between the site and that of Lourdes, France, a place famous for religious wonders. Henceforth, the site of the spring became a place of prayer and a shrine was established in 1881, with the addition of a grotto the following year. In 1885 a statue was donated and placed at the site in appreciation of the first healing to occur. The statue remains an important element of the site. The grotto has been rebuilt many times over the years, most recently in 1951.

The St. Laurent Shrine property is also of heritage value as an important Métis settlement and Catholic Mission. Settlement of the site was permanently established in 1873 by Father Alexis Andre and Métis settlers who had left Manitoba in 1870. The settlement also attracted other Métis in subsequent years and by the early 1880s represented a model parish. It became a religious centre for the Oblates of Mary Immaculate and a base for the founding of other missions in the region. As a Catholic mission, the site comprised a church, dormitory and residential school, and a convent. The rectory building was constructed about 1883 and is the last remaining structure from the missionary period of the site. A log church was re-established on the site in 1938, but was destroyed by fire in 1990. The present church on the site is a replica of the 1938 church.

The heritage value of the property also resides in its association with the 1885 Conflict. During the battle between the local community, dominated by the Métis, and the Canadian military, the site served as a place of refuge for community members. The cemetery contains the graves of several local residents killed during the battle. The community upheaval which followed the 1885 conflict eventually resulted in the mission being closed in 1894.

Source:

Rural Municipality of Duck Lake No. 463 Bylaw 6-1982.

Éléments caractéristiques

The heritage value of the St. Laurent Shrine resides in the following character-defining elements:
-the contextual elements of the site such as its location overlooking the South Saskatchewan River and the relatively natural and undeveloped character with broad lawns, groves of trees and bushes;
-those elements of the property relating to its status as a shrine, such as the hillside location and ornamental rock-like appearance of the grotto;
- the elements of the property associated with its role as a Métis settlement, such as the hillside cemetery with monuments, grave markers and wrought-iron entry archway;
- those elements of the property which relate to its status as a Catholic mission, such as the two-storey, wood-frame construction rectory with front gable roof, central entry, and two-over-two, hung-sash windows and the replica church situated on its historic location with its crucifix form, log construction, jerkinhead roof, and spire with open belfry and surmounting cross.

Reconnaissance

Juridiction

Saskatchewan

Autorité de reconnaissance

Administrations locales (Sask.)

Loi habilitante

Heritage Property Act, alinéa 11(1)(a)

Type de reconnaissance

Bien patrimonial municipal

Date de reconnaissance

1982/12/13

Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes

1873/01/01 à 1894/12/31

Thème - catégorie et type

Établir une vie sociale et communautaire
Les institutions religieuses

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction

Actuelle

Religion, rituel et funéraille
Site funéraire, cimetière ou enclos

Historique

Religion, rituel et funéraille
Mission
Religion, rituel et funéraille
Centre religieux ou lieu de culte
Communauté
Établissement

Architecte / Concepteur

s/o

Constructeur

s/o

Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

Saskatchewan Ministry of Tourism, Parks, Culture and Sport Heritage Resources Branch 1919 Saskatchewan Drive Regina, SK File: MHP 93

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.

MHP 93

Statut

Édité

Inscriptions associées

s/o

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