Project-Level Assessment under Northern Regimes
There are four different environmental assessment processes that apply in northern Canada:
Nunavut Impact Review Board
The environmental assessment process that applies in Nunavut was put in place through the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement (1993). The Land Claim Agreement established the Nunavut Impact Review Board (NIRB), which is responsible for assessing all projects in Nunavut.
Inuvialuit Final Agreement
The environmental assessment process that applies in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region was put in place through the Inuvialuit Final Agreement (1987). As a part of that agreement, the Environmental Impact Screening Committee was established. The Inuvialuit Final Agreement requires that developments in Ivvavik National Park of Canada and developments that are likely to cause negative environmental impacts in Aulavik National Park of Canada, Tuktut Nogait National Park of Canada and Pingo Canadian Landmark be reviewed by the Environmental Impact Screening Committee. The committee will determine if an environmental impact assessment is required. The Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (2012) may also apply in this region.
Yukon Environmental Socio-economic Assessment Board
The environmental assessment process that applies in the Yukon is outlined in the Yukon Environmental and Socio-economic Assessment Act (YESAA), which came into force in 2003. The YESAA and its regulations set out a process to assess the environmental and socio-economic effects of projects and other activities that might affect the Yukon. The Yukon Environmental Socio-economic Assessment Board and designated offices were established to manage this process under the YESAA.
Mackenzie Valley Environmental Impact Review Board
The Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act (MVRMA), which came into force in 1998, established the Mackenzie Valley Environmental Impact Review Board. Preliminary screenings under the MVRMA are conducted by Parks Canada and, if required, environmental impact assessments are conducted by the Mackenzie Valley Environmental Impact Review Board.
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