Archaeological Heritage Policy Framework
This statement deals with the importance of archaeological resources,
the shared responsibility and comprehensive approach to managing these resources,
the use of existing measures and special needs for the protection of archaeological
resources and their sound management in Canada.
Guidelines for the Management of Archaeological Resources
These guidelines present Parks Canada's aproach to archaeological resource
management as a component of cultural resource management and employ the relevant
principles and practices of the Cultural Resource Management Policy (CRM Policy)
Manual: Excavations and Surveys
This manual outlines the Parks Canada Agency recording system for
archaeological excavations and surveys as well as the principles, best practices
and procedures to be followed by anyone conducting archaeological research
on properties administered by Parks Canada or under a Parks Canada permit.
Standards and Guidelines for the Conservation of Historic Places in Canada (Printable Version, PDF, 5.1Mb)
This pan-Canadian conservation manual, originally published in 2003,
is the first reference document of its kind developed in the country. It
offers results-oriented guidance for sound decision making when planning
for and using historical places as well as making suitable site interventions.
The standards and guidelines are the result of a major collaborative effort
among federal, provincial and territorial governments, heritage conservation
professionals and heritage developers.
Draft new Standards and Guidelines for the Conservation of Archaeological Sites
In anticipation of the next edition of the document planned for the
end of 2009, a working group lead by Parks Canada in the context of the Historic
Places Initiative has been working since 2004 toat updateing the gGuidelines
for aArchaeological sSites. The result of this work isare the draft Standards
and Guidelines for the Conservation of Archaeological Sites. These standards
and guidelines reflect the great diversity of experiences in the conservation
of archaeological sites conservation in Canada and aim to provide concrete
guidance on the preservation, development exhibition and integration of archaeological
heritage. This draft is currently being used in pilot projects to test the
direction taken in the document. confirm the guidance recommended in the
document. Once finalized, this latest draft will become part of the Standards
and Guidelines for the Conservation of Historic Places in Canada.
We invite you to have a look at the new Draft Standards and Guidelines for the Conservation of Archaeological Sites
that are available on the Canada’s Historic Places’ website.
Criteria and Guidelines for the Designation of National Historic Sites, People and Events
The Historic Sites and Monuments Board’s Criteria and Guidelines for
the Designation of National Historic Sites, People and Events outline the
criteria and general and specific guidelines for a place, a person or an event
to be nominated by the Board and designated by the Minister of the Environment.
While the Minister can designate any aspect of Canada's human history as having
national historic significance, the place, person or event will be so designated
only if it had a significant impact on Canadian history or is a significant
illustration of Canadian human history.
Guidelines for Evaluating Shipwrecks of National Historic Significance in Canada
Parks Canada’s Guidelines for Evaluating Shipwrecks of National Historic
Significance in Canada are intended for anyone seeking the necessary tools
to evaluate shipwrecks of national historic significance. Because of the status
of shipwrecks as archaeological sites, movable cultural property or property
with market value under the Canada Shiping Act, these guidelines help ensure
that future submissions to the Historic Sites and Monuments Board will be
treated uniformly and that recommendations will be well documented.
An Approach to Aboriginal Cultural Landscapes
Parks Canada’s web publication An Aproach to Aboriginal Cultural Landscapes
provides a framework for reconcilingaround which the traditional values of
Aboriginal peoples and the typicallyly Western aproach to -based historical
scholarship of the Historical Sites and Monuments Board. can meet. This framework,
which includesProviding definitions and guidelines, this aproach has been adopted
by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board as a way to to evaluatee the nomination
of Aboriginal cultural landscapes as nNational hHistoric sSites in a manner
that is ways that are meaningful to both Aboriginal people and the general
Canadian population at large.
Unearthing the Law: Archaeological Legislation on Lands in Canada
Safeguarding and protecting archaeological sites is required by law in
Canada. At all levels of government (provincial, territorial and federal),
laws have been created that deal directly and indirectly with archaeology
and archaeological resources. The various laws related to archaeological sites
apply not only to the physical evidence of past human activities that are
found in the ground and under the water but also to those on and above the
ground such as the old sculptures or carvings in rocks or trees that have
been found in British Columbia and Ontario. The laws require both governments
and the private sector equally to plan for archaeology and to protect archaeological
resources, whether they are discovered by accident or as part of a purposeful
Cultural Resource Management Policy
Parks Canada’s responsibility to manage national parks, national heritage
sites and national marine conservation areas makes it one of the principal
cultural resource management organizations in Canada. Parks Canada’s
Cultural Resource Management Policy — an important part of its Parks
Canada Guiding Principles and Operational Policies — outlines the need
for an integrated and comprehensive approach to the management of cultural
resources, distinguishable from other resources because of historical value
assigned to them.
Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA)
The CEAA requires projects that take place on federal lands to carry
out an environmental assessment in order to avoid or minimize adverse environmental
effects and to incorporate environmental factors into the decision-making
The Act aplies to projects where the Government of Canada has decision-making
authority — whether as the instigator, land manager, funding source
Public Consultations on Heritage Wrecks
Canada is about to have a new law governing shiping and navigation, the Canada Shiping Act, 2001. (CSA 2001). The
CSA 2001 will come into force when its regulations have been developed and
published in Part II of the Canada Gazette, probably in 2009. The CSA 2001
addresses for the first time matters dealing with heritage shipwrecks.
National Historic Site Phare-de-Pointe-au-Père (Qué.)
© Parks Canada / Pleau, J. / H.05.61.01.10(21) / 2001
Under CSA 2001, responsibility for the development and administration
of regulations for the protection of heritage wrecks is shared. Transport
Canada and Environment Canada, through the Parks Canada Agency, will be developing
The federal government has presented a discussion paper on the regulations
to be developed under the CSA 2001 for the protection of heritage wrecks to
interested stakeholders such as the provinces and territories, dive groups,
the Canadian Maritime Law Association and others.
A Roll-Up document, based on public
consultations conducted during autumn 2004, is available online on the Transport Canada site.
For further Parks Canada references such as policies and directives,
please consult the Archaeological Resource Management team.
Note: To read the PDF version you need Adobe Acrobat Reader on your system.
If the Adobe download site is not accessible to you, you can download Acrobat Reader from an accessible page.
If you choose not to use Acrobat Reader you can have the PDF file converted to HTML or ASCII text by using one of the conversion services offered by Adobe.