Kluane National Park and Reserve of Canada

Cottonwood Trail

Trailhead:
Kathleen Lake Day Use Area, 27 km south on the Haines Hwy, or 54 km south on the Haines Hwy, at the Mush Lake Road Trailhead.
Distance:
83 km (53 mi)
Time:
4-6 Days
Elevation Gain:
520 m (1700')
Maximum Elevation:
1310 m (4300')
1:50 000 Topographic Maps:
Kathleen Lakes 115 A/11, Mush Lake 115 A/6, Auriol 115 A/12, Cottonwood Lakes 115 A/5

Overview

The Cottonwood Trail is an 83 km ¾ loop that can be started at either Kathleen Lake or the Mush Lake Road. The trail varies from 4-wheel drive road to single track; it passes through stands of spruce and poplar; crosses two mountain passes, and follows through open meadows. For the adrenalin thirsty, the highlight of this trail may be the adventurous creek crossings. A variety of wildlife including Dhal sheep, mountain goat, grizzly and black bear, ptarmigan, owl, moose and others inhabit the area. The trail is marked with km posts in most areas, and is relatively easy to follow. There are few bridges on this trail so hikers must be prepared to wade creeks in order to cross. During high water, it is recommended that people leave from the Kathleen Lake side of the loop, as Victoria Creek can be challenging and sometimes impassable. This hike requires 4-6 days to complete, but longer trips are possible. The Cottonwood Trail can commonly be hiked from June to early September.

Bear Resistant Food Canisters are mandatory and a Wilderness Permit is required, both can be obtained from the Haines Junction Visitor Centre. Camping at the designated campsites is mandatory between Cottonwood Creek and Kathleen Lake (the north section of the loop), however random camping is permitted for other areas of the trail.

Trail closures due to bear activity can occur during the summer months. Staff at the Visitor Reception Centre in Haines Junction will have the latest information.

The following description follows the Cottonwood trail starting at the Mush Lake road, as the km signposts also begin at this end of the trail. If you prefer to start at Kathleen Lake, simply follow the description in reverse.

Description

Km 0 - 5.5: The first section (16 km) of the Cottonwood Trail follows the Mush Lake Road, a 22 km one lane, four-wheel drive road joining the Haines highway to Mush Lake. The trail is easy to follow.

Km 5.5 - 7.5: At the first trail junction, take the left trail (headed west) as the right trail (veering north) leads to Shorty Creek. From this junction for about a kilometer, you will cross the many channels of Alder Creek.

Km 7.5 - 12.0: After Alder Creek the trail stays high and dry, crossing numerous small hills and low sections along the north side of the valley.

Km 12.0 - 16.5: A small footbridge hidden on the north side of the road conveniently bridges the unnamed creek. There are bear claw marks on the trees around here, this area and the old primitive campsite at Dalton Creek are not recommended for camping due to bear activity. Dalton Creek can be crossed via the footbridge on the north side of the road.

Km 16.5 - 21.5: The road branches, the left trail continues west climbing steadily for 5 km to Mush Lake. Take the right branch turning uphill and to the north. The Cottonwood Trail climbs steadily for the next 5 km, travelling through a spruce forest along side Dalton Creek. The trail emerges at a meadow; this is the old Dalton Camp that is not recommended for camping. There is an abundance of bear sign in the area; it is obviously a popular travel route for wildlife. If it is near the end of the day and you are in search of a place to camp, your best alternative to continuing on, is to head west following the meadows and find a camp site that you are comfortable with, there seems to be less bear signage in this direction, as it appears to be less of a travel route. If you are continuing on the trail, head right (north) at the primitive Dalton Camp, the trail climbs to a beautiful alpine pass.

Km 21.5 - 26.7: The alpine pass is known as Dalton Pass. The trail traces the west side of Dalton Creek, crossing many smaller creeks along the way. In spring this area is very wet and not suitable for camping. Grizzly bear, moose and ptarmigan are common to the area, however other wildlife sightings may include fox, coyote, wolves, wolverines, sheep, goats, marmots, pikas, ground squirrels, golden eagles, and smaller birds.

Km 26.7 - 33.0: From the pass the trail continues downhill, roughly following Shrikes Creek. After a steep switchback, the trail crosses upper Victoria Creek. Posts on either side of Victoria Creek mark the best crossing areas. (Victoria Creek is crossed a second time, where it empties into Louise Lake at km 67).

Km 33.0 - 35.7: The trail heads west (upstream) along Victoria Creek, and is easy to follow up to km 35.7. Although the road continues, follow the trail that cuts up to the right. This is the only way out of the valley!

Km 37.5 - 39.3: You will gain 150 M (500') in elevation along this section of the trail as you cross the second mountain pass of your hike. Posts or stone markers mark the trail. If you have any extra time, this is a nice area to explore further.

Km 39.3 - 41.8: You are now in the Cottonwood Valley. The trail winds downhill into groves of balsam poplar trees and wildflower meadows.

Km 41.8 - 46.6: This is the halfway point of the trail. Cross the smaller creek that joins Cottonwood Creek, however it is best to remain on the left side of Cottonwood Creek, particularly during high water. Watch for a marker downstream that indicates where the trail crosses the creek and follows a series of meadow thickets. It will continue through these meadows until it emerges once again at Cottonwood Creek (km 46.6). When the creek is low, you may be able to walk down the creek bed. It is recommended to obtain water before reaching the designated campsite, as the meadows are dry and water may not be available. Kilometre 47 is the beginning of a 36 km stretch of the trail where camping in designated campsites is mandatory.

Km 46.6 - 49.0: The trail now turns north and wanders through a spruce and willow forest for about l km before opening up in a very large meadow. The first designated camping area is located in this two-kilometre stretch of meadow (km 47 - km 49). The next camping area is also a designated site and is 18-20 km away at Lower Victoria Creek. There is no camping allowed between these two areas. You may notice a long "bear stomp" that approaches and leaves one of the last spruce trees leading into the meadow. A bear stomp is an area of indented footprints made by a bear (or several bears) following in the same tracks over time. Stomps often lead to scratching trees, where the bears rub and claw.

Km 49.0 - 52.4: The 49.0 km signpost stands out in the meadow. There is no camping from this point (km 49) until Victoria Creek at km 67. The trail leaves the meadow and turns right along the side hill to avoid wet areas. The section leaving the meadow may be spongy and wet however conditions dry up as the trail climbs to the abandoned mining road leading to Kathleen Lake. During mid to late summer Sheperdia canadensis (Soapberry or Buffalo berry) is abundant from this section of trail through to Kathleen Lake. Be vigilant in making noise and very bear aware.

Km 52.4 - 55.7: A small bridge crosses the creek and the road continues down through an old spruce forest until you arrive at the Johobo mine site.

Km 55.7 - 57.3: Look for the remains of the abandoned Johobo mine. The mine operated until the early 60's. Bornite, a purplish ? coloured copper ore found in small veins in volcanic rocks, was excavated in the mine. The small mountain on the right contains the entrance to the mineshaft. The cleared area offers great opportunity to see wildlife tracks.

Km 57.3 - 67.1: The next l0 km follows a side hill that overlooks Louise Lake, eventually arriving at the lakeshore and lower Victoria Creek alluvial fan.

Km 67.1 - 71.3: Kilometre 67 marks the location of the second designated campsite. For the second time on the trip you'll cross Victoria Creek, however exercise caution as the volume is greater and the flow swifter. It may be wise to spend the night and cross early in the morning when water levels are lower. Search up and downstream for a spot where the stream is wide and shallow. There are signposts on either side of the creek that lead back to the trail.

Km 71.3 -74.2: There is one additional designated campsite approximately 4 km east of Victoria Creek. This site is located along the shore of Kathleen Lake where the trail crosses an unnamed creek at approximately km 71.3. Pick the site with the best visibility next to the lakeshore rather than in the treed area near the trail. This is the last designated camping site before the Kathleen Lake trailhead. Plan to hike the remainder of the trail in one day (about 12 km). The trail continues along the lakeshore and meets a peninsula at km 74.2.

Km 74.2-77.9: Goat Creek campsite has been permanently closed due to frequent bear activity in the area. The trail crosses Goat Creek, a creek that is usually narrow and swift so you may need to scope a good crossing spot. The trail climbs onto and over a rock glacier just past Goat Creek, this section is single track with several switchbacks, rock Cairns mark the way.

Km 77.9 - 81.0: The trail skirts the slope above Kathleen Lake, crossing a few avalanche paths before descending to the King’s Throne trail junction (marked with a post). The trail veering right climbs the Kings Throne, do not take this trail but continue straight along Kathleen Lake.

Km 8l.0 - 82.7: The trail winds along Kathleen Lake eventually opening up on an old mining road.

NOTE: Remember to deregister as soon as possible at the Haines Junction Visitor Centre. Please inform Park Staff of any bear sightings, and current trail conditions.

Designated Campsites:

In an attempt to reduce the potential for bear/human conflicts while camping along the Cottonwood trail between Kathleen Lake and Cottonwood creek it is mandatory to camp in designated campsites or other areas.

Three sites have been identified as having a lower risk for encounter than other sites and areas assessed. These are:

  1. Along the shore of Kathleen at an unnamed creek at approximately km 71.3
  2. The Lower Victoria Creek fan (km 67)
  3. Cottonwood meadows (km 47-49).

Travellers are required to hike through the trail segments between these areas before camping. This will require that people plan their trip carefully. The approximate distances between sites are:

  • Kathleen Lake to Unnamed creek (km 71.3) 12 km
  • Unnamed creek to Lower Victoria (km 67) 4.3 km
  • Lower Victoria to Cottonwood Meadows (km 47-49) 18 km

Comments

Bear sightings are common in this area. Review recommendations for travel in the You Are In Bear Country brochure. All bear sightings should be reported to the staff at one of the Visitor Centres.

Trails and Routes